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Expository Essays

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Expository Essays Intended to explain, inform, illustrate, or define Format Introduction Two or more body paragraphs Conclusion Two body paragraphs=four paragraph ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Expository Essays


1
Expository Essays
  • Intended to explain, inform, illustrate, or
    define

2
Format
  • Introduction
  • Two or more body paragraphs
  • Conclusion
  • Two body paragraphsfour paragraph essay
  • Three body paragraphsfive paragraph essay

3
Introduction
  • An introduction should be at least four sentences
    long.
  • It should move from broad to specific.
  • It contains (one sentence each)
  • Attention Grabber general, 1 sentence(s)
  • ask a question, state an alarming fact, problem,
    or statistic, define an important word, or use a
    quoteHOOK!
  • Background Info narrows the focus (when dealing
    with literature, include author and title)
  • Central/Controlling Idea what the essay should
    prove
  • Thesis Statement how your essay is organized in
    order to prove your central idea

4
Body Paragraphs
  • A body paragraph expands the topic. This is where
    you explain, inform, illustrate, or define.
  • It contains
  • Topic Sentence
  • Major Support
  • Minor Support
  • Commentary
  • Minor Support
  • Commentary
  • Transition
  • Major Support
  • Minor Support
  • Commentary
  • Minor Support
  • Commentary
  • Transition
  • Concluding Sentence

5
Topic Sentence
  • one statement particular point from the thesis
    how you will support the central idea (not a
    simple fact/quote/summary)
  • First sentence
  • main point
  • DOES NOT
  • Contain direct quotations
  • Contain a rhetorical question
  • Summarize the plot
  • State a fact

6
Example Topic Sentence
  • Atticus Finch is a character in the novel To Kill
    a Mockingbird.
  • Atticus Finch is a courageous character in the
    novel To Kill a Mockingbird.

7
Major Support
  • support for the topic sentence
  • Answers How is my topic sentence true? What
    makes my topic sentence valid? or Why is my
    topic sentence true?
  • DOES NOT
  • Contain direct quotations
  • State a fact (instead, explain)
  • Summarize the plot

8
Minor Support
  • SPECIFIC EVIDENCE
  • textual evidence or quotes, examples, facts,
    details, etc.
  • Must have lead-in
  • Must make sense
  • Should support the topic sentence fully
  • DOES NOT
  • Summarize
  • Appear without commentary

9
Commentary
  • Analyze the minors
  • Explain the minors in relation to your assertion
    in the topic sentence (So what? and Why is
    this important?)
  • See notes on lead-ins and citations for ideas of
    what to write

10
Commentary DOES NOT
  • Summarize Contain direct quotations
  • Use I think, I feel, I believe, or In my
    opinion
  • Repeat the major support
  • Restate something that can be found directly in
    the text
  • Explain lessons the characters learn
  • Paraphrase minor supports

11
Transition
  • words/phrases/clauses which link ideas Makes the
    paragraph easier to read
  • Flows
  • Not formulaic (first, second, third, next,
    finally, in conclusion)

12
Concluding Sentence
  • Restates the topic sentence CREATIVELY
  • sense of closure
  • DOES NOT
  • Contain direct quotations
  • Contain a rhetorical question
  • Summarize
  • Give new information

13
Conclusion
  • sense of closure and completion
  • It contains
  • Restating the Thesis different words to bring
    the reader back to the overall point
  • Referring to Main Points usually major supports
  • Strong Closing Statement satisfying and
    powerful

14
Things to Avoid in Essays
  • Do not speak directly to your audience (do not
    use second personyou). Do not give a moral to
    the story or tell them what they should take away
    from your essay.
  • Do not end with a question.
  • Do not use first person (I, me)
  • Do not use contractions. Write them out.
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