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-Buddhism- -Confucianism- -Taoism-

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-Buddhism--Confucianism--Taoism-Confucianism Confucius shifted China s focus from heaven to earth. Though he did not remove heaven from the picture. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: -Buddhism- -Confucianism- -Taoism-


1
-Buddhism- -Confucianism- -Taoism-
2
Buddhism
The father of Buddhism
  • Siddhartha Gautama
  • Lived 563 B.C. E. 483 B.C.E
  • In southern Nepal
  • He is the Enlightened One

3
Buddhism
  • At 29yrs old Siddhartha Gautama
  • While sitting under the bo tree, he experienced
  • The Great Awakening
  • Wandered India searching for religious truth
  • He spent years meditating,
  • studying, and preaching

4
Buddhism
  • The Buddha shared his ideas with anyone who would
    listen.
  • He was teaching a religion that was devoid of
  • Authority
  • Ritual
  • Tradition

5
Buddhism
  • It was
  • Empirical
  • Scientific
  • Pragmatic
  • Therapeutic
  • Egalitarian
  • Directed at individuals

6
Buddhism
  • Buddhas key discovery is known as the Four Noble
    Truths.
  • The first truth is Dukka. Which refers to life's
    suffering. All of life is suffering and pain
  • Buddha believed that the pains we feel in life
    could be cured through Buddhism.

7
Buddhism
  • Buddhas key discovery is known as the Four Noble
    Truths.
  • The second truth is Tanha.
  • Pain is caused by the desire for wealth and
    power.

8
Buddhism
  • Buddhas key discovery is known as the Four Noble
    Truths.
  • The third truth is the solution for Tanha the
    knowledge and understanding that there is a way
    to end suffering and overcome desire.

9
Buddhism
  • Buddhas key discovery is known as the Four Noble
    Truths.
  • The fourth truth is the real solution for Tanah
    nirvana. It comes in the form of the Eight Fold
    Path.
  • Achieve nirvana with excellent conduct and
    kindness to all

10
Buddhism
  • The Eight Fold Path You must have all of the
    following qualities to cure Tanha.
  • The Right Knowledge
  • You must have the knowledge of the Four Noble
    Truths.
  • The Right Aspiration
  • You have to want to reach true enlightenment for
    the Eight Fold Path to work.

As in Confucianism
As in Taoism
11
Buddhism
  • The Eight Fold Path You must have all of the
    following qualities to cure Tanha.
  • The Right Speech
  • You need to take notice of how often you feel the
    need to deviate from the truth.
  • The Right Behavior
  • Do not kill, steal, lie, be unchaste, or take
    drugs or intoxicants.

12
Buddhism
  • The Eight Fold Path You must have all of the
    following qualities to cure Tanha.
  • The Right Livelihood
  • Your occupation can not go against the teachings
    of the Buddha.
  • The Right Effort
  • You have to be dedicated and always try to follow
    the way of the Buddhist.

Unlike Taoism
13
Buddhism
  • The Eight Fold Path You must have all of the
    following qualities to cure Tanha.
  • The Right Mindfulness
  • You have to be aware of every part of yourself.
    Your thought and your feelings.
  • The Right Absorption
  • If you lose delusion, craving and hostility, the
    three poisons. You will see things how they
    should be.

14
Buddhism
  • If you follow the Four Noble truths you could
    reach Nirvana, which is the ultimate goal for
    every Buddhist.
  • Nirvana is permanent, stable, ageless, and
    deathless it is power, bliss and happiness, the
    secure refuge, and the shelter.
  • incomprehensible peace

15
Buddhism
  • Buddha believed in reincarnation.
  • He saw it as a wave.
  • He said that nothing will be identical to this
    life in the next, Pari Passu.

16
Buddhism
  • There are three groups of Buddhist today.
  • Hinayana The Little Way
  • Mahayana The Great Way
  • Vajrayana The Diamond Way

17
Buddhism
  • Hinayana The Little Way
  • They prefer to call their Buddhism
    Theravada
  • The way of the Elders.
  • They follow the Pali Canon records.
  • Believed that Progress lies with the individual.
  • Believe that there is no God to help you get
    through life.

As in Confucianism
18
Buddhism
  • Hinayana The Little Way
  • The prime attribute is wisdom Bodhi.
  • Sangha Monasteries filled with spiritual dynamos
    where Theravada thrived.
  • They believe that their religion was for these
    high priest to teach and pass on.
  • They would only use meditation and invocations to
    strengthen their faith.

19
Buddhism
  • Mahayana The Great Way
  • Claim that they represent the true line of
    succession, from the Buddha.
  • That Buddha reached Nirvana and returned to teach
    others how to reach it as well.
  • They believe that there are Buddhas and
    Bodhisattvas to help them through life.
  • Bodhisattvas A person that has attained
    enlightenment, but postpones Nirvana in order to
    enlighten others.

20
Buddhism
  • Mahayana The Great Way
  • The prime attribute is compassion Karuna.
  • Believe that the religion is primarily for the
    average person.
  • They added supplications, petition, and calling
    out Buddhas name for strength.

21
Buddhism
  • Vajrayana The Diamond Way
  • The way to realize Buddhas wisdom and
    compassion.
  • Vajrayana started in Tibet.
  • The essence of Vajrayana Buddhism is Tantra.
  • It teachings gives the advantage of reaching
    Nirvana in a single life time by using, and
    focusing all the energies in the body.

22
Buddhism
  • Vajrayana The Diamond Way
  • Mantras Fashion sounds into holy formulas
  • Mudras Turn hand gestures into scared dances
  • Mandalas Use icons whos holy beauty empowers

23
Buddhism
  • Vajrayana The Diamond Way
  • The Dali Lama is the Vajrayanas version of a
    Bodhisattva.
  • The Dali Lama has reincarnated himself 13 times,
    so he can continue to lead the Tibetan people.

24
Buddhism
  • Hinayana, Mahayana, Vajrayana The Rafts
  • They all have a single founder.
  • They all deal with the metaphor, using a raft to
    cross lifes river.
  • Once you cross the river the realm of God is no
    distant place. It is where you now stand.
  • They all have very lavish temples and shrines.

Unlike Taoism
25
Buddhism
  • Hinayana, Mahayana, Vajrayana The Rafts
  • They all believe in the kindness to all
    creatures, the non-killing of animals, the
    elimination of caste barriers in religion and
    their reduction in social matters.
  • Buddhism thrives in every Asian land, except the
    one that gave birth to it India

Main Menu
26
Confucianism
The father of Confucianism
  • Confucius
  • Was born around 551 B.C.
  • in Lu in the Shantung
  • Province
  • Father was upper class
  • Born out of wedlock
  • He never knew his father
  • He and his mother lived in
  • poverty

27
Confucianism
  • Confucius was one of the worlds best teachers
  • He founded the philosophical school called Ru
  • He died at the age of 74
  • He never thought of himself as a sage
  • His teachings were recorded by his students in
    the Analects

28
Confucianism
  • With his death began his glorification
  • His teachings have touched almost every Chinese
    student for the past two thousand years.
  • Confucius believed that tradition was the key to
    peace.
  • He believed that tradition would show them the
    way back to a happy, stable China.

29
Confucianism
  • Confucius had Five Ideals that guided his
    thoughts
  • Jen Is the ideal way for one to carry oneself
    through life. Measure the feeling of others by
    ones own.
  • Chu Tzu If Jen is how a person should be, then
    Chu Tzu is how a person should act.

30
Confucianism
  • Confucius had Five Ideals that guided his
    thoughts
  • Li The way things should be done. It is the way
    you should act in what ever role you play in
    life.
  • A father should be a father, and a ruler should
    be a ruler.

Unlike Taoism
  • Te Translates to Power. How the people with
    power, use it. For a person to be a great leader
    his followers must choose to follow him.

31
Confucianism
  • Confucius had Five Ideals that guided his
    thoughts
  • Wen Victory goes to the state with the highest
    culture. Art has the power to ennoble the human
    spirit.

China placed the scholar-bureaucrat at the top of
its social scale, and its soldiers at the bottom.
32
Confucianism
  • Confucius believed that without human
    relationships, there would be no self.
  • There are Five Constant relationships
  • in life
  • Parent and Child
  • Husband and Wife
  • Elder Sibling and Junior Sibling
  • Elder Friend and Junior Friend

33
Confucianism
  • People have to warrant the respect and power that
    comes with their positions in life. Power and
    respect are not a given, they must be earned.
  • He believed that if everyone followed the five
    ideals, the effect would be wide-spread through
    family, community, and the world.

As in Buddhism
Unlike Taoism
34
Confucianism
  • Confucius shifted Chinas focus from heaven to
    earth. Though he did not remove heaven from the
    picture.
  • He saw that his country could not serve its
    people, so how was it going to serve its
    ancestors.
  • He believed that somewhere in the universe there
    is a power that is on the side of right.

35
Confucianism
  • You should be able to work out your problems with
    out involving the courts.
  • Confucianism has the power to change entire
    civilizations for the better. It affects every
    aspect of life and makes it better.

36
Confucianism
  • Confucius repeatedly calls for self-examination
  • Confucius focused on the individuals, the people,
    more than anything else.

Unlike Taoism
Unlike Taoism
As in Buddhism
Main Menu
37
Taoism
The father of Taoism
  • Lao Tzu
  • Was born around 640 B.C.
  • No one is really sure about
  • any dates or places.

38
Taoism
  • Lao Tzu was not pleased with his people, so he
    left and went on a journey.
  • On his journey, an official asked him
  • to leave a record of his beliefs.
  • He wrote a 5,000 character
  • book called Tao Te Ching
  • The book became the
  • foundation of Taoism

39
Taoism
  • The Tao Te Ching is in effect the Taoist bible.
  • It centers around the concept of Tao the way
    or the path
  • Strong emphasis is placed on non-action that is,
    the absence of aggressive action

40
Taoism
  • There are three meanings of Tao
  • Tao- The way to ultimate reality. This Tao is
    way to vast for a person to comprehend or fathom.
  • Tao- The way of the universe. The norm, the
    rhythm, and the driving power in all of nature.
    Deals more with the spiritual side then the
    Physical side of things.

41
Taoism
  • There are three meanings of Tao
  • Tao- The way of human life. It refers to the way
    that we mesh with the Tao of the universe.

42
Taoism
  • Just like the three meanings of Tao. All three
    were designed to facilitate the power of Tao
    through te
  • There are three types of Taoism
  • Philosophical Taoism
  • Religious or Popular Taoism
  • Vitalizing Taoism

43
Taoism
  • Philosophical Taoism
  • Is a reflective look at life
  • Relatively unorganized
  • Teaches what you should understand
  • You work on improving yourself
  • Seeks power through knowledge
  • Sought to conserve te and not to expend is on
    friction and conflict.

44
Taoism
  • Philosophical Taoism
  • Wu Wei- The perfect way to live life, and reduce
    conflict and friction
  • Combines supreme activity and supreme relaxation
  • The conscious mind has to get out of the way of
    its own light.
  • For one to perfect the wu wei lifestyle.
  • A lifestyle above excess and tension.

As in Buddhism
45
Taoism
  • Religious Taoism
  • Became a full fledge church
  • Its programs are active
  • The Taoist priesthood made cosmic life-power
    available for ordinary villagers.
  • Their power was with magic, the harnessed higher
    powers for human ends.
  • Want to help transmit Chi to people that can
    not get it on their own.

As in Buddhism
46
Taoism
  • Vitalizing Taoism
  • The programs are active
  • Relatively unorganized
  • Teaches what you should do.
  • Is a self help program
  • You work on improving yourself
  • Want to increase the amounts of Tao or te in
    their life
  • They do this through chi

47
Taoism
  • Philosophical, Religious and Vitalizing Taoism
  • All center on how to maximize their Tao.
  • They honor hunchbacks, cripples because the
    tallest tree gets the axe first.
  • Their temples blend in with the landscape. They
    do not stand out.

Unlike Buddhism and Confucianism
48
Taoism
  • Philosophical, Religious and Vitalizing Taoism
  • They all teach that people will be at their best
    when they are living in harmony with their
    surroundings.
  • They consider ceremonies pompous and downright
    silly.
  • They feel there is nothing to gain from social
    correctness and the meticulous observance of
    propriety.

Unlike Confucianism
Unlike Buddhism
49
Taoism
  • The Taoist believe in opposites, and that things
    in nature have a way of working themselves out.

Unlike Confucianism
Unlike Confucianism
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