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THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR 1898

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Early in 1898 riots erupted in Havana, the capital of Cuba against Spanish oppression. Cuban nationalists Jose Marti. President McKinley moved the battleship U.S.S ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR 1898


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  • Early in 1898 riots erupted in Havana, the
    capital of Cuba against Spanish oppression.
  • Cuban nationalists Jose Marti.
  • President McKinley moved the battleship U.S.S.
    Maine into the citys harbor to protect American
    citizens/property.
  • A letter written by a Spanish Ambassador claimed
    McKinley as weak.

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  • An explosion sank the U.S.S. Maine
  • 250 Total Deaths
  • An enraged American public blamed the Spanish for
    the disaster and called for war.
  • President McKinley hesitated.

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Yellow Journalism
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U.S.S. MaineFeb. 15,1898
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  • Rebellion was taking place in the Philippines
    also.
  • A key base for U.S. Navy.
  • Admiral George Dewey was told to attack the
    Spanish Fleet if war broke out with Spain.

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  • The wars first action took place in the
    Philippines not Cuba.
  • The U.S. Navy destroyed Spains entire Pacific
    fleet in less than 7 hours.
  • In Cuba meanwhile, U.S. warships quickly
    destroyed Spains Atlantic fleet.

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  • 2,500 total American deaths.
  • 400 in battle, the rest from disease.
  • The United States signed the Treaty of Paris with
    Spain, December 1898.
  • The Spanish recognized Cubas independence.
  • The U.S. gained Puerto Rico, Guam, and the
    Philippines for 20 million.

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  • Puerto Ricans would be considered US Citizens
  • Cuba became a protectorate partially controlled
    by the US
  • Philippines were outraged they thought they
    were getting independence
  • Instead US acted just like Spain had

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Panama Canal
  • Roosevelt felt the U.S. needed a canal cutting
    across Central America.
  • Link between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
  • U.S. had rights to build and control a canal
    through Panama.

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Panama Canal
  • French had started building a canal, and sold it
    to the U.S. for 40 million dollars in 1903.
  • Before starting work, U.S. had to get permission
    from Columbia.
  • When negotiations failed, the U.S. helped
    organize and execute a Panamanian Revolution.

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Panama Canal
  • A dozen U.S. warships were present when Panama
    declared independence.
  • 2 weeks later, U.S. and Panama agreed on payment
    for a Canal Zone.

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Canal Construction
  • Builders fought yellow fever and malaria
  • More than 5,600 workers died from accidents or
    disease
  • Total cost was about 380 million.

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