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The Spanish American War


The Spanish American War Why did the United States go to war against Spain in 1898, and why was the outcome significant? The Spanish American War In 1890, Spain s ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Spanish American War

The Spanish American War
  • Why did the United States go to war against Spain
    in 1898, and why was the outcome significant?

The Spanish American War
  • In 1890, Spains overseas empire had been reduced
    to Cuba, the Philippines, Puerto Rico and a few
    smaller Islands.
  • The Cubans rebelled against Spain and Declared
    their independence in 1895.
  • Spain sent troops to Cuba to crush rebellion.
  • They used brutal methods to repress the uprising
    and the U.S. became concerned, because of the
    reports in newspapers (yellow journalism) which
    deliberately sensationalized the news, making it
    seem worse than it really was.
  • The Spanish sunk a US ship, the U.S.S. Maine,
    triggering a firestorm of protests.
  • President McKinley responded to the public by
    asking Congress for permission to intervene in
  • The War ended with U.S. occupation of the
    Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Guam.
  • Marked the end of Spains colonial empire

When is it appropriate for the United States to
send soldiers to fight and face death on foreign
Choose your top 3 reasons from this list
  • To assist an ally of the United States
  • To protect territory that is close to U.S.
  • To stop human rights abuses
  • To acquire resources
  • To gain power
  • To acquire territory
  • To improve national security
  • To spread or protect American values and moral
  • To fight against tyrannical governments
  • Under no circumstances is it ever appropriate
  • Other (explain)

  • Share your top 3 reasons with your partner and
    see if you can agree on 3 reason together.

  • In 1898, the United States sent troops to Cuba
    and the Philippines to fight a war against Spain.
  • Many Americans wondered whether the United States
    had a right to extend its power into colonial
    lands. Others saw it as an opportunity for the
    United States to advance as a world leader.
  • In this lesson, you will learn how the war, and
    the debate that followed, marked a significant
    change in American beliefs about the nations
    foreign policy.

What is Yellow Journalism? What role did
competition for readership between newspapers
play in the U.S. decision to go to war?

Yellow Journalism
  • Journalism that exploits, distorts, or
    exaggerates the news to create sensations and
    attract readers.

With your Partner
  • You will examine primary source images about
    important events prior to and during the
    Spanish-American War.
  • You will then use these images to create a mock
    newspaper summarizing the events.

  • You will be creating the front page of a
    newspaper using images cut from the Notebook
    Handout and articles that you write as you
    respond to each section of the reading.
  • To begin, set up your newspaper across two pages
    of your notebook as shown below.

  • Who is being blamed in this song?
  • What is he being blamed for?
  • Why might an editor have wanted to start this
  • What did the editor do to provoke this war?

Read Section 20.2Trouble Brewing in Cuba
  • Next to the image for this section
  • Write a letter to the editor expressing your
    feelings about the coverage in the New York World
    and New York Journal of events in Cuba
  • Letter should include
  • Thoughts on the accuracy of these stories
  • Ideas on coverage of these events as an effort to
    keep Americans informed

  • What do you see here?
  • What seems to have happened?
  • According to the headline, what is the cause of
    the explosion?
  • How do you think Americans felt when they saw
    this image?

Read Section 20.3Americans call for War with
  • Next to this image
  • Write a lead story sensationalizing the
    publication of the de Lome letter and the
    explosion of the USS Maine in order to fuel
    public anger toward Spain
  • Include in your story
  • The basic details of each incident
  • Attempts to encourage Americans to press the U.S.
    government into war with Spain
  • The terms de Lome letter and USS Maine

  • What do you see in this image?
  • Which countries appear to be fighting each other?

  • Where do you think this battle is being fought?
  • Why do you think these two countries are fighting

  • Who appears to be winning this battle?

Read Section 20.4Splendid Little War
  • Next to this image
  • Write a report from the battlefront as if you
    were a war correspondent
  • Report must include
  • Details of the various battles taking place in
  • Reports of casualties
  • The terms Rough Riders and San Juan Hill

  • What do you see?
  • Why might Uncle Sam need larger suit he is being
    fitted for?

  • Based on what they are carrying, what do you
    think the men entering the room want?
  • What is McKinleys response to these

  • Does the cartoonist seem to be in favor of U.S.
    expansion? How can you tell?

Read Section 20.5A New Power on the World Stage
  • Write a caption for the cartoon in which you
    describe the events that prompted the cartoonist
    to draw it
  • Caption much include
  • An explanation of each character in the cartoon
    and who each represents
  • The terms Platt Amendment and Anti-Imperialist

Processing - Class discussion
  • Which of the reasons listed on the preview slide
    do you think best apply to the Spanish-American
    War? Why?
  • Do you think the United States was justified in
    sending troops to Cuba and the Philippines to
    fight against Spain? Why or Why not?
  • Did the U.S. actions in the Spanish-American War
    promote or hinder the advancement of the ideals
    of opportunity and democracy? In what ways?
  • How did the Spanish-America War reflect the new
    role of the United States as a world power?