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NURS 4006 Nursing Informatics

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Nursing Informatics Computers, Information and Informatics The importance of information The healthcare of our clients is largely dependant on information. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NURS 4006 Nursing Informatics


1
NURS 4006Nursing Informatics
  • Computers, Information and Informatics

2
The importance of information
  • The healthcare of our clients is largely
    dependant on information.
  • Every action taken depends on previous
    information and knowledge.
  • The delivery of health care requires information
    about
  • Science of type of care (nursing)
  • Patient or client
  • Provider
  • Outcomes
  • Process and systems for delivery of care

3
The importance of information
  • The science of type of care (nursing)
  • The science of care refers to the scientific
    foundations of the profession that provides
    healthcare.
  • Science helps determine the body of knowledge,
    language, and focus of that profession.
  • Scientific rationale or evidence provides a
    foundation for decision-making within that
    profession.

4
The importance of information
  • Patient or client
  • Information on the client is required for his/her
    individual care.
  • The assessment process consists of gathering
    information.
  • The use of technology can assist in collecting
    this information.
  • Information on the client can be found in the
    patient record, the patients history, lab
    results.
  • Information on the client changes and grows over
    time.

5
The importance of information
  • Provider
  • Information about the provider of care helps
    determine the type of assessment and the focus of
    care given.
  • The provider can be an individual professional
    such as a nurse, a physician, a physiotherapist.
  • The provider can also be the facility in which
    care is provided such as a public health unit, a
    hospital.

6
The importance of information
  • Outcomes
  • The outcome of treatment and care now requires
    more attention than ever.
  • There is a growing interest in ensuring that care
    results in quality outcomes in a cost-efficient
    manner.
  • Outcomes can be difficult to measure.
  • Technology can assist in measuring because it can
    enhance gathering, analysis and dissemination of
    outcomes.

7
The importance of information
  • Process and systems for delivery of care
  • Information about the process and systems for
    delivery of care assists in deciding on the type
    and the amount of care required.
  • This is the tracking on interventions and the
    process used for each intervention.

8
The importance of information
  • Information about each of these areas have an
    impact on the type and the amount of care given.
  • Information must be
  • accurate
  • timely
  • accessible
  • understandable

9
What is information?
  • The structure of information
  • Delivered in conversation, handwritten notes,
    stored in a computer.
  • Regardless of the form, the same basic principles
    apply to the structure and the use of
    information.
  • Words are often used interchangeably to describe
    information.

10
What is information?
  • The structure of information
  • Data discrete entities objectively described,
    without interpretation or context.
  • Example 110
  • Information data processed into a structured
    form. Data that are interpreted, organized,
    structured and given meaning are referred to as
    information.
  • Example When combining 110 with other data, it
    becomes information. Systolic blood pressure of
    110 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure of 70 mm
    Hg. This information can be captured in a form,
    on a graph on in a report.

11
What is information?
  • Knowledge synthesized information derived from
    the interpretation of data. It provides a logical
    basis for making decisions.Essential to
    decision-making and to new discoveries.
  • Example When the blood pressure reading is
    combined with information about anatomy and
    physiology, pharmacology, pathophysiology,
    knowledge is used to decide about further care
    and treatment.

12
The five rights of information
  • Information has five rights
  • Right information
  • Right person
  • Right time
  • Right place
  • Right amount

13
What is healthcare informatics?
  • With the knowledge of the importance of
    information in healthcare, healthcare informatics
    has become a specialty.
  • Healthcare informatics is a combination of
    computer science, healthcare science, information
    science and cognitive science.

14
What is healthcare informatics?
  • Computer science development, configuration,
    architecture of computer hardware and software.
  • Healthcare science body of knowledge on which
    healthcare profession bases their practice. The
    sciences of anatomy, physiology and knowledge
    specific to each profession.
  • Information science also includes information
    technology which involves the process of sending
    and receiving information.
  • Cognitive science the process of human thinking,
    understanding and remembering.

15
What is Nursing informatics (NI)?
  • Nursing Informatics (NI) is the application of
    computer science and information science to
    nursing. NI promotes the generation, management
    and processing of relevant data in order to use
    information and develop knowledge that supports
    nursing in all practice domains (Hebert, 2000).

16
  • Nursing Informatics
  • Integrates nursing science, computer science,
    and information science to manage and communicate
    data, information, and knowledge in nursing
    practice.
  • Nursing informatics facilitates the integration
    of data, information, and knowledge to support
    clients, nurses, and other providers in their
    decision-making in all roles and settings."  
  •    (Staggers Bagley-Thompson, 2002).

17
Why is it important?
  • Nurses need to develop competencies in
    informatics.
  • Informatics enables nurses to use information
    and communications technologies in the
  • collection of data,
  • use of information
  • generation of knowledge to support nursing
    practice

Technology
Nursing
18
Why is it important?
  • Therefore, NI competencies need to include both
    knowledge and skills required
  • to use information and communication technologies
    to enter, retrieve and manipulate data.
  • to interpret and organize data into information
    to affect nursing practice.
  • to combine information to contribute to knowledge
    development in nursing.

19
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20
Using information
  • Evidence-based practice leads to
  • Determining standards and guidelines
  • Guide for decision-making process
  • Determines best practice
  • Nursing informatics can enable dissemination of
    new knowledge.
  • Practitioners update themselves of new
    developments through journals, conferences,
    continuing education sessions.
  • The information is varied and copious.
  • There is a need to find the relevant evidence in
    a timely way.

21
Literature databases
  • Provide access to relevant literature and are an
    important research source.
  • Usually cover a specific list of periodicals or
    other publications that give the database defined
    boundaries.
  • Usually specific to one field such as healthcare,
    social sciences, education.
  • The database may be limited to research articles
    or may include newspaper clippings, magazine
    articles.

22
Literature databases
  • A database provides a controlled, specific and
    systematic way of finding relevant information on
    a specific topic.
  • Each entry in a database usually contains an
    article citation, subject heading and a text
    summary known as the abstract.
  • It may include the name of the author(s) and the
    full text of the article.

23
Obstacles to using information
  • There is a need to further emphasize on the
    importance of evidence-based practice.
  • There is a need for convenient access to
    literature resources.
  • Education to use technology to access and
    retrieve information relevant to clinical
    practice.
  • There is a need to instill a information-seeking
    modeling behavior.

24
References
  • Canadian Nurses Association. (2001). What is
    nursing informatics and why is it so important?
    Nursing Now, 11
  • Hebert, M. (2000). A national education strategy
    to develop nursing informatics competencies.
    Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership 13(2).
  • Staggers, N., Bagley Thompson, C. (2002). The
    evolution of definitions for nursing informatics
    A critical analysis and revised definition.
    Journal of the American Medical Informatics
    Association, 9 (3), 255 262.
  • Young, K. M. (2000). Informatics for healthcare
    professionals. Philadelphia F.A. Davis Company.
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