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The Moral Leader


The Moral Leader Topic 14 / Lesson 13 The Moral Leader Reading Assignment: Ethics for the Military Leader pages 473-501 / 2nd edition Fundamentals of Naval Leadership ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Moral Leader

The Moral Leader
  • Topic 14 / Lesson 13

The Moral Leader
  • Reading Assignment
  • Ethics for the Military Leader
  • pages 473-501 / 2nd edition
  • Fundamentals of Naval Leadership
  • pages 21-17 to 21-22 and 24-1 to 24-4

The Moral Leader
  • Reading Assignment (continued)
  • Ethics and Moral Reasoning for Military Leaders
  • Lesson 28, pages 28-10 through 28-30
  • Case StudyTBD
  • Naval Leadership Voice of Experience
  • pages 482-486

The Moral Leader
  • Who is Epictetus?
  • What did he do to contribute to moral ethics and

The Moral Leader
  • Meditation (Stoicism)
  • 1. all things are both familiar and
  • 2. The things which are external to my mind have
    no relation at all to my mind. To recover thy
    life is in thy power. Look at things again as
    thou didst use to look at them for in this
    consists the recovery of thy life.

The Moral Leader
  • 3. Be more critical of your self than others
  • 4. Get the full Picture
  • 5. Realize your own limits
  • 6. Dont focus on glory
  • 7. Be not ashamed to be helped
  • 8. Let not future things disturb thee
  • 9. There is a unity and order to the universe
  • 10. Everything material soon disappears

The Moral Leader
  • 11. the same act is according to nature and
    according to reason.
  • 12. Be thou erect, or be made erect
  • 13. you should love and respect all other
    rational beings
  • 14. unless I think that what has happened is an
    evil, I am not injured.
  • 15. you are responsible for your own character

The Moral Leader
  • 16. no outside influence can force your soul to
    suffer or be disturbed in any way unless you
    allow it
  • 18. people tend to fear the unknown and be
    comfortable with the familiar
  • 22. love even those who do wrong
  • 24. A scowling look is altogether unnatural

The Moral Leader
  • Epictetuss articles tell us many things. What
    do the following extracts from his articles mean
    to you?
  • The body is to everyone the proper measure of
    its possessions, as the foot is of the shoe.

The Moral Leader
  • Everything has two handles one by which it may
    be borne, another by which it cannot.
  • Never proclaim yourself a philosopher, nor make
    much talk among the ignorant about your
    principles, but show them by actions.

The Moral Leader
  • Whatever rules you have adopted, abide by them
    as laws, and as if you would be impious to
    transgress them and do not regard what anyone
    says of you, for this, after all, is no concern
    of yours.

The Moral Leader
  • What did VADM Stockdale mean, as he parachuted
    from his A-4, I am leaving the world of
    tech-nology and entering the world of Epictetus?
  • How does the world of Epictetus, on Stockdales
    account, differ from the world of technology?

The Moral Leader
  • What does life in this world have to teach us
    about ourselves and about our attitudes and
    behavior in the world we normally inhabit?

The Moral Leader
  • What does Stockdale mean in saying that the
    thing that brings down a man is not pain but
  • How does this square with the teaching of

The Moral Leader
  • VADM Stockdale viewed his exper-ience in prison
    camp as a kind of laboratory test of the
    relation between our ethics and our fate,
  • - standing naked
  • - no distractions
  • - no support
  • - ordinary rules and principles
  • - pivotal element

The Moral Leader
  • As a prisoner of war, what things are in your
    power, and what things are not in your power?
  • It matters not how strait the gate
  • How charged with punishment the scroll,
  • I am the master of my fate
  • I am the captain of my soul.
  • Dave Hatcher (Vietnam prisoner of war)

The Moral Leader
  • Stoics Goals
  • - inner serenity
  • - our will / external world
  • - desires / actuality
  • - indifference in matters

The Moral Leader
  • Stoic Indifference Think of what is not within
    your power events in the past, movements of the
    stars it is these things to which we are morally

The Moral Leader
  • Stoic Self-mastery How do you achieve this?
  • - by understanding the working s of the universe
    (using your reason)
  • - if you really understand the world, you will
    reach the conclusion that all nature tends to the
    good, and that all events are causally
    determined this will extinguish your desire for
    things to be other than they are.

The Moral Leader
  • Stoic philosopher vs. the ordinary person
  • The ordinary, average person supposes that
    happiness is possible only when the natural world
    comes up to his or her expectations
  • The Stoic philosopher knows that this condition
    rarely exist, and that if we build our hope we
    are doomed to endless sorrow, envy and strife.
    So we should try to bring our desires to the
    level of actuality...

The Moral Leader
  • Stockdales observations on how to survive in a
    leverage world or an extortion environment
  • - rudiments of civilization
  • - power of guilt
  • - dont compromise
  • - avoid self-deception
  • - directness in your dealings

The Moral Leader
  • (Continued)
  • - recognize emotion of hate
  • - dont rely on ideology
  • - be educated already
  • - a little knowledge is a dangerous thing
  • -

The Moral Leader
  • Select three well-known historical figures who in
    your opinion come closest to being moral
    exemplars. Are these figures generally thought
    to be near ideal?
  • What features make them exemplars?

The Moral Leader
  • We face hazards in focusing on ideal models. For
    example, the moral ideal encourages dedication to
    that person. This may curtail moral autonomy.
    List some other dangers and explain how they
    could be avoided.

The Moral Leader
  • Case Study
  • In Harms Way
  • - How does this apply to Epictetus and his
    articles ?

The Moral Leader
  • Case Study
  • Finding My Heritage
  • How does this relate to Epictetus and his

The Moral Leader
  • Questions?

The Moral Leader