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Russia Intro to Russia Huge land area- covers 11 time zones Russia and the Eurasian Republics make up about 1/6 of all of the land on earth (Here is how it relates to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Russia

Intro to Russia
  • Huge land area- covers 11 time zones
  • Russia and the Eurasian Republics make up about
    1/6 of all of the land on earth (Here is how it
    relates to the US)

How did Russia come about?
  • Ivan the Great helped Russia kick out foreign
    rulers in the 1500s
  • Ivan became the 1st in a long line of czars
    (rulers) Nicholas II was the last

The birth of the USSR
  • Czar Nicholas II was forced to resign in 1917,
    starting a civil war
  • The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, won out
    established a communist-based government made up
    of 15 countries (USSR)
  • Some aspects of the govt religion was
    discouraged, government run economy (command)

The rise of the USSR
  • When Lenin died, Stalin took over
  • He led the USSR into WWII
  • He also started collective farms (forcing
    peasants to farm for the govt), shipped
    thousands to Siberia for a variety of reasons,
    and was responsible for the deaths of 15 million

The life of the USSR
  • After Stalin died, Khrushchev took power
  • He led the USs biggest opponent in the Cold War
    (Cuban Missile Crisis, Berlin Wall)
  • The USSR also put the 1st astronaut in space
    under Khrushchevs, watch

The life cont.
  • Brezhnev- Leader from 1964-82 (during Vietnam
    Afghan conflicts)
  • Look at his eyebrows, or eyebrow (haha!!)

The decline of the USSR
  • Gorbachev was the last communist leader (took
    over in 82)
  • He introduced three new policies
  • Perestroika- restructuring
  • Glasnost- openness
  • Demokratizatsiya- move towards democracy

Effects of Perestroika
  • People can farm when they want to
  • McDonalds in Moscow
  • Teens can buy jeans on the open market

Effects of Glasnost
  • People could watch what they wanted on TV (ex.
    Music videos)
  • New Christian churches opening
  • Exiles return

Effects of Demokratizatsiya
  • People can demonstrate in the streets with no
  • A person running for office doesnt have to be
  • Boris Yeltsin was elected by the people

Life in the USSR
  • Free speech and press were not tolerated
  • Travel to Eastern Europe was encouraged, but not
    to Western Europe
  • The Circus was popular (and still is)
  • The major means of travel was (and is) trains

Inadequate housing- small, cramped government run
Pollution- the Soviet government neglected the
  • Moscow- A mix of pollutants from
    industrialization have caused birth defects in
  • Kazakhstan radiation from nuclear testing has
    cause birth defects like these in children

More pollution
  • Magnitigorsk- Fishermen wont eat what they catch
    out of a lake polluted by waste water from
  • Kerosene collecting from underground leaks has
    become a commercial business for Russians

The death of the USSR (the birth of the CIS)
  • The USSR fell after a coup was staged and
    Gorbachev resigned in 1992
  • Boris Yeltsin became the 1st president of the CIS
  • Vladimir Putin succeeded him (ex-KGB agent)

Life in the new Russia
  • The CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) was
    formed to an interdependent community of former
    Soviet states
  • There have been some problems
  • Russia has moved to a democratic government and a
    market economy (supply and demand determines what
    is sold), but the process has been tough
  • The crime rate has risen since the fall of
    communism (biggest offenders Neo Nazis and the
    Russian Mafia)

Some regional facts
  • In the subartic taiga, the snow season lasts 8
  • Russia has an abundance of natural resources
  • The Crimean Peninsula is good for growing fruits
    and veggies due to its Mediterranean climate

Religion in Russia
  • Icons are religious paintings found in the homes
    of people who practice the religion
  • The main religion is Eastern Orthodox
  • Czar Ivan the Terrible had St. Basils cathedral

Other Russian Facts
  • The US entered World War 1 as Russia withdrew
  • May 1st was labor day in the USSR
  • Most people live west of the Ural Mountains
  • The Amur River separates Russia from China
  • In Russia (esp. Siberia), the lakes freeze
    preventing boat travel, and the bridges freeze,
    preventing automobile travel, so trucks travel on
    frozen rivers
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