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The Altair Unmanned Aircraft System

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... 1923 First radio controlled flight (RAE 1921 Target) - 1933 First UAV used in the target drone role (Fairey Queen) - 1943 First use of a PGM in combat ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Altair Unmanned Aircraft System


1
The Altair Unmanned Aircraft System
  • UAS
  • By Hayley Stommel

2
What is the Altair Unmanned Aircraft System?
  • New fire technology
  • Robot Plane
  • Variant of the Predator drone built by San
    Diego-based General Atomics Aeronautical Systems,
    Inc. and NASA
  • Detects fire with infrared imaging sensors (NASA)
  • High altitude aircraft controlled by personnel on
    ground. Generally used for scientific/commercial
    research missions

3
Unmanned Aircraft Consists of
4
Purposes for UAS
  • Firefighting
  • Police Disturbances (crime scenes, etc)
  • Reconnaissance Support in natural disasters ie
    hurricanes, mudslides
  • Surveillance (in war zones)

5
Why I chose UAS technology
  • Sun Valley Fire
  • San Diego Fire
  • Autonomy will play a crucial role in future
    operational objectives

6
Castle Rock Fire, Sun Valley, Idaho
7
What is Autonomy?
  • Recent emerging field
  • Ability to make decisions without human
    intervention
  • Goal tech machines to be smart and act more
    like humans

8
How UAS Works
  • Collects Data
  • Processes it into images
  • Sends images via satellite to fire command
    centers

9
History of the UAS
  • Initially used for military and national defense.
  • Similar to Predator B
  • Over the years technology has been a major
    contribution to the unmanned aircraft work in
    progress

10
  • - 1918 First flight by a powered unmanned
    aircraft (Curtiss Sperry Aerial Torpedo)
  • - 1923 First radio controlled flight (RAE 1921
    Target)
  • - 1933 First UAV used in the target drone role
    (Fairey Queen)
  • - 1943 First use of a PGM in combat (Fritz)
  • - 1944 First use of a cruise missile in combat
    (Fieseler Fi 103 "V-1")
  • - 1946 First UAV used in the science research
    role (Northrop QP-61)
  • - 1959 First UAV used in the reconnaissance
    role (Northrop SD-1 Observer)
  • - 1960 First untethered flight by an unmanned
    helicopter (Gyrodyne QH-50)
  • - 1962 First UAV used in the strike role
    (Gyrodyne QH-50)
  • - 1998 First trans-Atlantic crossing by an
    unmanned aircraft (Insitu Aerosonde)
  • - 2001 First trans-Pacific crossing by an
    unmanned aircraft (Northrop Grumman Global Hawk)

11
UAS Demonstration
  • http//www.youtube.com/view_play_list?pE21E2176B3
    95D17D

12
How is UAS better than other methods such as GPS
  • Human pilots vs. UAS pilot
  • Physiological limitations
  • Maximum flight hours 30
  • 3000lb fuel capacity
  • Fly above 52,000ft
  • Operate at night
  • Above Smoke

13
More Benefits to Autonomy field
  • High Reliability
  • Control system
  • Helps prepare maps to assist in planning efforts
  • Undetected at high altitudes
  • In fires is able to fly above path of air
    tankers and helicopters fighting fire below

14
Interesting Facts
  • In UK, BAE Systems announced UAS to be used for
    police/coastal work as soon as 2012
  • National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration began
    using Aerosonde UAS as Hurricane Hunter

15
Downside to UAS
  • No pilot on board
  • Does not meet FAA requirements
  • Costly

16
Alternative Uses for UAS
  • Predicting weather
  • Go into hurricanes (above) for quick information
  • Track air pollution

17
Sources
  • http//www./mc-us.com/
  • http//www.newton.deb.anl.gov/askasci/gen01097.htm
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