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Context Clues

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Context Clues Benchmark 1g TLW analyze and evaluate vocabulary using context clues. Hey What does that word mean?!? When you read, do you occasionally come across a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Context Clues


1
Context Clues
  • Benchmark 1g
  • TLW analyze and evaluate vocabulary using context
    clues.

2
HeyWhat does that word mean?!?
  • When you read, do you occasionally come across a
    word you do not know?
  • How would you figure out the meaning of a word?
  • What if you did not have a dictionary?

3
What are Context Clues?
  • Context clues are words in the same sentence or
    passage that gives you clues to what an
    unfamiliar word means.
  • These clues will help you understand the meaning
    of the unknown word in a story or passage.

4
Five Types of Context Clues
  • There are five types of context clues
  • Definition context clues
  • Synonym context clues
  • Antonym context clues
  • Description or Example context clues
  • Visual context clues

5
Definition Context Clues
  • The author includes a definition to help the
    reader understand the meaning of a word.
  • The verbs is, are, or to be are signals
    indicating that the definition of the word can be
    found within the sentence.
  • These verb forms are usually found between the
    unknown word and its definition.

6
Definition Context Clues
  • Example
  • The Eskimo was having difficulty climbing up
    the pingo, or Artic hill.
  • In this example, the author gave the definition
    of a pingo, which is an Artic hill.

7
Synonym Context Clues
  • When the author includes a synonym (a word that
    means the same or about the same) for the unknown
    word.
  • The word like or or can be a signal words
    indicating a synonym context clue within the
    sentence. Signal words are not always used, so
    dont rely on them.

8
Synonym Context Clues
  • Example
  • After seeing the picture of the starving
    children, we all felt compassion or pity for
    their suffering.
  • In the example, the author gives you the word
    pity, which is a synonym for compassion.

9
Antonym Context Clues
  • An antonym context clue is when the author gives
    an antonym (a word that means the opposite) for
    the unknown word.
  • The words not or but are signal words
    indicating that the antonym of the word can be
    found within the sentence.

10
Antonym Context Clues
  • Example
  • Most birds are herbivores, not meat eaters.
  • Because the sentence uses an obvious antonym, a
    good reader will understand that herbivores eat
    plants instead of meat.

11
Description or Example Context Clues
  • The author includes one or more examples or
    descriptions to help the reader understand the
    unknown word.
  • Look for words and phrases like such as,
    including, for example, and consists of.
  • Colons () and dashes (-) are also signal
    descriptions or examples.

12
Description or Example Context Clues
  • Example
  • The Native American gave the wounded soldier a
    cardamom potion. The herbs strong smell was
    enough to cure the hurt man.
  • You can gather from the second sentence that
    cardamom must be an herb used for medicine.

13
Visual Context Clues
  • The author includes a picture, drawing, chart,
    graph, or other type of visual to help the reader
    understand the meaning of a word.
  • Always read the sentence first, then look at the
    photo, drawing, chart, or graph for a clue to the
    unknown word.

14
Visual Context Clues
  • Example
  • Peggy had an exultant look on her face.
  • You can tell by the picture that exultant
  • means happy.

15
Context Clues and Meanings
  • Our Girl Scout troop took an excursion, a short
    journey, to a museum.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • An example context clue is being used.
  • What does excursion mean?
  • A. Trip B. Class
  • C. Paintings D. Lunch

16
Context Clues and Meanings
  • Our Girl Scout troop took an excursion, a short
    journey, to a museum.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • An example context clue is being used.
  • What does excursion mean?
  • A. Trip B. Class
  • C. Paintings D. Lunch

17
Context Clues and Meanings
  • Jerry is very clumsy, but his sister Jenny is
    adroit.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • An antonym context clue is being used.
  • What does adroit mean?
  • A. Pretty B. Robot
  • C. Graceful D. Smart

18
Context Clues and Meanings
  • Jerry is very clumsy, but his sister Jenny is
    adroit.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • An antonym context clue is being used.
  • What does adroit mean?
  • A. Pretty B. Robot
  • C. Graceful D. Smart

19
Context Clues and Meanings
  • The harlequin, like the circus clown, is a clown
    who likes to perform.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • A synonym context clue is being used.
  • What does harlequin mean?
  • A. Book B. Clown
  • C. Shadow D. Animal

20
Context Clues and Meanings
  • The harlequin, like the circus clown, is a clown
    who likes to perform.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • A synonym context clue is being used.
  • What does harlequin mean?
  • A. Book B. Clown
  • C. Shadow D. Animal

21
Context Clues and Meanings
  • The infuriated man could not figure
  • out his laptop computer.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • A visual context clue is being used.
  • What does infuriated mean?
  • A. Sad B. Confused
  • C. Happy D. Angry

22
Context Clues and Meanings
  • The infuriated man could not figure
  • out his laptop computer.
  • What type of context clue is being used?
  • A visual context clue is being used.
  • What does infuriated mean?
  • A. Sad B. Confused
  • C. Happy D. Angry
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