Socio-Cultural Influences and the Development of the Welfare State - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Socio-Cultural Influences and the Development of the Welfare State PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 423772-ZTM0Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Socio-Cultural Influences and the Development of the Welfare State

Description:

Provide a common model for international comparative ... * The History of Welfare in Western Society The Evolution of Civil Society Greek Political and Moral ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:112
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 55
Provided by: EricSo5
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Socio-Cultural Influences and the Development of the Welfare State


1
Socio-Cultural Influences and the Development of
the Welfare State
  • The SCEWS Model
  • S Socio
  • C Cultural
  • E Evolution
  • W Welfare
  • S State

2
Problem Statements Welfare State Analysis
  • Cross-national welfare state analysis rarely
    accounts for the socio-cultural foundations of
    each nation which have a unique influence on the
    way that welfare/social inequality is interpreted
    and addressed as a social problem.
  • Discipline-specific research (political,
    economic, sociological etc.) of welfare states
    using discipline favored theories that analyze
    only particular welfare state attributes results
    in a lack of conceptual analysis of the welfare
    state in its entirety.
  • The macro conceptualization of the welfare state
    incorporating social rights, equality and
    eradication of social exclusion versus the micro
    level of individual services, in which these
    goals are put into practice, results in ambiguity
    in the analysis within and between nations.

3
Rationale for the Model
  • Facilitate interdisciplinary research to develop
    a comprehensive perspective of cross-national
    welfare state and welfare/social justice
    analysis.
  • Provide a common model for international
    comparative analysis of social policy/social law.
  • Enhance the intellectual rigor of social
    sciences.
  • Incorporate social science principles into the
    economic and political realms of influence on the
    welfare state.

4
SCEWS Model Rationale
  • Account for the pervasive influence of history,
    ideology and culture in all dimensions of welfare
    state analysis, within and between nations.
  • Explain the evolution of welfare states by virtue
    of socio-cultural interactions with political
    institutions.
  • Identify the circular interaction between
    economics, politics and culture in the social
    policy process.
  • Enhance socio-economic and political
    interpretations of welfare state differences.

5
Questions that Underlie the Model
  • What is the unifying social history of
    welfare/social justice?
  • How is welfare defined as a social problem?
  • How have societies dealt with welfare/social
    justice?
  • What are the different types of welfare states?
  • What are the similarities between them?
  • How have historical, cultural, economic and
    political experiences influenced welfare state
    emergence?

6
The History of Welfare in Western Society
  • The Evolution of Civil Society
  • Greek Political and Moral Philosophy
  • Roman Law and the Justinian Code
  • The Church and Early Poor Relief Endeavors
  • The Elizabethan Poor Law

7
Philosophical Underpinnings of the Western
Welfare State
  • Politics and Social Contract Theory Hobbes,
    Locke, Rosseau
  • Moral Philosophy Hume, Kant
  • The Political Economy Paradigm Smith, Malthus,
    Owen, Mill
  • History and Perceptions of the Poor Hegel, Marx

8
SCEWS Model Assumptions
  • The desire for a relatively balanced society is
    instinctive to all cultures, but nations do not
    interpret social justice in the same way due to
    unique historical experiences.
  • The ideologies on which each nation was founded
    and have developed over time have formed for that
    particular nation a unique culturally defined
    basis for that nations political action.
  • In time, friction between the emerging market
    economy and the well-being of the impoverished
    became a universal problem presenting a catalyst
    for the appearance of the welfare state.
  • The recognition that poverty resulted from
    systemic socio-economic reasons coincided with
    the refinement of political systems based on
    democratic principles.

9
SCEWS Model Assumptions (2)
  • The political system cannot be considered
    separate from the power of the market economy in
    welfare state comparisons.
  • Economic influences are subordinate to political
    systems in defining differences between welfare
    states.
  • History, ideology and culture represent pervasive
    influences in all dimensions of the welfare
    state.
  • Ideology is a precursor to, and a reflection of,
    the political extremes which determine
    differences in the way that welfare states define
    and respond to social differences/inequalities.

10
SCEWS Model Assumptions (3)
  • At the macro level of social insurance which
    includes unemployment, pension and healthcare
    benefits, the welfare state is balanced by the
    relationship between capitalist and socialist
    ideologies.
  • At the micro level of individual services
    ideologies of social justice represent the
    foundation of the process that defines social
    welfare policy/law, and the welfare state
    culture. This occurs within the framework of the
    political system as influenced by socio-economic
    factors.
  • The economic, political and ideological results
    of globalization are overarching influences
    relative to future constructs of welfare states.

11
Society Goals
  • Education
  • Safety
  • Health
  • Economic System
  • Social Security

12
(No Transcript)
13
SCEWS Model Elements
  • Civil Society and Globalization
  • History, Ideology and Culture
  • The Economic Sphere of Influence
  • The Governance Sphere of Influence
  • Welfare State Defined Quadrant
  • Social Policy Process and Welfare State Culture
  • Future Challenges and Social Work

14
(No Transcript)
15
Globalization and Civil Society Ring Rotates in
Clockwise Direction Civil Society.. America
..Individual exercises rights above state (God
given) Europe..exercise rights with state
provided by law Ring started with Greeks slow
movement over time much faster now blurs civil
society in world relationship SPEED
16
(No Transcript)
17
(No Transcript)
18
(No Transcript)
19
(No Transcript)
20
(No Transcript)
21
(No Transcript)
22
(No Transcript)
23
(No Transcript)
24
900-1400
Globalization
China
Holy Roman Empire
Byzantium
Dalmatia
Hungary
Poland
25
1400-1700
Globalization
China
Hapsburg Empire
Ottoman Empire
Hungary
Transylvania
26
1700-1900
Globalization
China
Prussia
Russia
Austria
Hungary
Bavaria
27
1900s
Globalization
China
Russia
Germany
Hungary
28
2000s
Globalization
EU
China
Hungary
Russia
29
Globalization becomes Culture
  • As noted globalization moves clockwise and
    culture moves anticlockwise so that at any point
    in time they are moving counter to each other.
  • BUT over time the effects of globalization can be
    internalized into the culture and become part of
    it moving in anticlockwise direction.

30
Globalization to Culture
  • 1500 brought to Spain
  • From Spain was sent as gift to high ranking
    individuals in Turkey
  • From Turkey to Hungary in the late 1500s
  • Globalization !
  • Now part of the Culture in Hungary and Globalized
    back to the world!

31
(No Transcript)
32
Wave the Flag! Each nation state has been
influenced differently as depicted by different
colors in the flag.. A unique multi-hued
socio-cultural foundation established for each
nation.
33
(No Transcript)
34
Economy Sphere
  • Rotations

Longitude political aspects of economy
Latitude differences between surplus of rich
and scarcity of the poor in welfare states GINI
35
Governance Sphere
  • Rotations

Longitude liberal political agenda
Latitude social democratic political agenda
36
(No Transcript)
37
Orbit of Economy and Governance Spheres
  • These spheres orbit around the Welfare State
    Defined
  • They pull the Welfare state toward either a
    Liberal Democracy or Democratic Socialism
  • There is a vacillation between SELF INTEREST AND
    ALTRUISM that is based upon economic and
    political influences (given overarching cultural
    ideological influence)

38
Orbits of Governance and Economy Cont.
  • Liberal Democracy is a belief in economy based on
    commercial activity of free individuals and
    strong central government and a paternalistic
    political system
  • Democratic Socialism is based on utilitarian
    principles of individual happiness and happiness
    of society. Private control is seen as oppression
    and governance is more aligned with social
    engineering to make society more socially
    oriented and less individually oriented.

39
Welfare State Defined
  • The Welfare State Defined is a quadrant that had
    multiple influences
  • As shown the governance and economy spheres are
    influenced by the rotation of the globalization
    and ideology discs
  • In turn these spheres create pull that can be
    visualized as political regimes on a continuum
    from liberal to social democratic

40
(No Transcript)
41
Ideology Fluctuations in US
  • 1800 rugged individualism, liberal democracy
    robber barons
  • 1900-1920 Progressive Era more socialistic
  • 1930 Depression Democratic Socialism
  • 1980 Reganomics political and economic to
    liberal democracy
  • 2009 Recession Obama moves to more democratic
    socialism reversing Reganomics

42
MACRO
MACRO
MICRO
MICRO
43
Macro Conceptualization
  • The upper part of the model presents the Macro
    conceptualization and influences of the political
    and economic spheres on the welfare state from
    capitalism to socialism.
  • Thus, regimes vary over time within a nation
    state resulting in movement along the continuum
    and subsequent changes in how the welfare state
    is defined

44
Liberal Regime
Social Democratic Regime
Conservative Regime
Capitalism
Socialism
Welfare Regime Continuum
WELFARE STATE DEFINED
Social Welfare Policy/Law
Universal
Individual
Mixed Government and Individual With Requirements
45
Welfare State Defined by Social Welfare Policy
  • The Welfare State is not only defined by how
    larger systems influence its definition and its
    overarching welfare state construct, but also by
    how the nation state implements ideological
    paradigms into actual services at the personal
    level.
  • Thus the bottom half of the model refers to the
    realization of services

46
MACRO
MACRO
MICRO
MICRO
47
Policy Process
  • The process of moving ideology from the economic
    and political spheres through the welfare
    continuum into the real world rests upon the
    different policy processes employed in each
    welfare state.
  • Each welfare state has different policy processes
    and as one can see from the model policy is also
    informed by globalization, history, culture and
    ideology both indirectly from the definition of
    the welfare state and from them directly

48
(No Transcript)
49
Welfare Culture
  • Another result of the interactions of the model
    is a viewpoint of the welfare culture
  • The welfare culture is what the people residing
    in the welfare state perceive as welfare
    services and defining those individuals who
    receive welfare. (Pensions at the time of change
    for loss of job)

50
(No Transcript)
51
Future Challenges
  • As we have seen in the recent past there are many
    challenges to what is a welfare state and how it
    will be defined.
  • Demographics and environment are some of the
    major challenges to the welfare state as
    populations are aging and environmental
    situations are creating different views of what
    constitutes the common welfare.

52
(No Transcript)
53
SCEWS Model Implications
  • The manner in which the common analytic elements
    of SCEWS are incorporated into an overarching,
    inclusive analytic tool establishes a unique
    methodology for cross-national welfare state
    poverty analysis.
  • SCEWS is applicable to a) both domestic and
    international analysis, b) non Western nations
    who are transitioning into capitalist economies,
    and c) social policy analysis of countries not
    typically considered welfare states.
  • The model is adaptable to various types of
    analysis ranging from poverty research to the
    development of enhanced curriculums for the
    social sciences.

54
SCEWS Model Potential
  • Can physical science paradigms be incorporated
    into analysis of social science phenomena?
  • Is there a means to calculate the force of
    SCEWS elements to predict their respective
    influence in welfare state poverty analysis?
  • How can research contributions of respective
    disciplines be integrated within the SCEWS model
    construct?
  • Can SCEWS facilitate development of an
    overarching welfare state theory?
About PowerShow.com