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The First Constitution

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The First Constitution Chapter 2 Section 3 Nation s Earliest Governments Even before the Declaration was signed, colonial leaders were writing state constitutions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The First Constitution


1
The First Constitution
  • Chapter 2
  • Section 3

2
Nations Earliest Governments
  • Even before the Declaration was signed, colonial
    leaders were writing state constitutions to
    replace the old colonial charters
  • Jan. 1776 New Hampshire is first state to write
    constitution
  • Constitution a written plan for government

3
Nations Earliest Governments, continued
  • By 1780, Massachusetts became the last state to
    draft its own constitution
  • These state constitutions set up governments
    similar to each other. Each state had
  • a governor, elected by the state legislature or
    the citizens
  • a judicial/court system
  • a bicameral legislature, like the English
    Parliament.
  • Bicameral two houses

4
Massachusetts Constitution Perfect Example
  • Even though Massachusetts was the last state to
    write its constitution, this would be the model
    for the U.S. Constitution we use today.
  • At this time, however, the country was unified
    under a different constitution
  • The Articles of Confederation

5
  • As the situation with Great Britain worsened and
    the first shots of the war were fired, Americans
    realized that they must organize a national
    government of the countrys best men.

6
  • The Second Continental Congress met from May 10,
    1775 until March 1, 1781. This would serve as
    Americas governing body during the war.

7
A league of friendship
  • In 1777, the Second Continental Congress drafted
    the Articles of Confederation
  • The AOC established a league of friendship
    among independent states
  • This is known as Americas first constitution,
    but it would only survive for less than 10 years.

8
Confederation group of individual governments
who band together for a common purpose.
9
The Articles of Confederation were sent to all
the states to be ratified in 1777, but were not
passed into law until 1781. At this point, the
Second Continental Congress became the
Confederation Congress.
10
  • Finally, in 1783 the United States became an
    independent nation when it defeated Great Britain
    and signed the Treaty of Paris, declaring peace
    between the two nations.
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