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Major Events of Islam Post-Classical Period 500-1250

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Major Events of Islam Post-Classical Period 500-1250 * Madnick/Global History 9 Delhi Sultanate, 1100-1398 Trade increased between the ME and SEA Cultural Diffusion ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Major Events of Islam Post-Classical Period 500-1250


1
Major Events of Islam Post-Classical
Period 500-1250
  • Madnick/Global History 9

2
Mohamed
  • Born in Mecca, 570
  • died 632
  • 622- Hegira
  • moved from Mecca to Medina
  • --created first Islamic city-state with
    Muslim government and military forces
  • Muslims believe he died in Jerusalem and went up
    to heaven

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6
Umayyad Dynasty, 661-750
  • Capital city in Damascus, Syria (ME)
  • Rapid spread of Islam in Afro Eurasia
  • Why did it spread so quickly?
  • Muslim horse cavalries were faster than
    traditional foot soldiers
  • Muslims allowed conquered people to keep their
    cultures
  • Message of Islam was appealing

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Umayyad Dynasty, 661-750
  • Cultural diffusion
  • Most conquered people spoke Arabic
  • Many converted to Islam in AfroEurasia

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10
Abbasid Dynasty, 750-1258
  • Capital city at Baghdad
  • It is an excellent military camp. Besides, here
    is the Tigris to put us in touch with the lands
    of China and bring us all that the seas yield
  • Al Mansur
  • Founder of Baghdad

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Abbasid Dynasty, 750-1258
  • Golden Age of Islam
  • Major achievements in science, math, medicine,
    art, literature
  • Translation Movement Greek texts translated into
    Arabic
  • Baghdad became major trade center of the world

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Abbasid Dynasty, 750-1258
  • silk, porcelain, and paper from China
  • sugar, spices, precious metals from India
  • ivory, gold, and black slaves from Africa
  • jewels and wool from Turkey
  • pearls from Arabia
  • furs and white slaves from Russia.
  • taxes from all over the empire

15
Other Events
  • 1055-Turks invaded Baghdad from CA
  • Converted to Islam and kept Abbasid rulers
  • AKA Seljuk Turks, Ottoman Turks
  • 1099-Christian armies invaded from WE and
    conquered Jerusalem
  • Muslims and Christians fought over control of
    Jerusalem for the next 300 yrs. in wars called
    the Crusades

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Other Events
  • 1216-Mongols invaded ME from CA
  • Led by Ghenghis Khan
  • Converted to Islam and created the worlds
    largest empire ever

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Delhi Sultanate, 1100-1398
  • Muslim empire in India
  • Capital city at Delhi
  • Many Muslims moved from Baghdad to Delhi to
    escape Mongol invasions

21
Delhi Sultanate, 1100-1398
  • Trade increased between the ME and SEA
  • Cultural Diffusion
  • Many Hindus converted to Islam to escape the
    caste system
  • Urdu new language combined Arabic and Hindi
  • Sikhism new religion combined Islam and Hinduism

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