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Working with Analogies

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Working with Analogies * Make a sentence that shows the relationship between apple and fruit. How about An apple is a type of fruit. Test that sentence by going ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Working with Analogies


1
Working with Analogies
2
Analogies test your ability to
  • Recognize the relationship between the words in a
    word pair

3
Old
Young
4
To answer an analogy question you must
  • Recognize the relationship between the words
  • Select the answer containing words related to one
    another in most nearly the same way

5
Analogies look like this
  • UpDown OverUnder
  • Up is to Down as Over is to Under

6
In what ways could these pairs of words be
related?
7
Examples of possible relationships in an analogy
  • Synonyms or antonyms

8
Here is one example of Synonym relationships
  • InfantBabyGrown-Up _________?

InfantBabyGrown-UpAdult
9
Here is one example of Antonym relationships
  • BigSmallFull_______?

BigSmallFullEmpty
10
Examples of possible relationships in an analogy
  • Synonyms or antonyms
  • A part to the whole

11
Here is one example of Part to Whole
relationships
  • WheelCarBranch_______?

WheelCarBranchTree
12
Examples of possible relationships in an analogy
  • Synonyms or antonyms
  • A part to the whole
  • An example of a category/group

13
Here is one example of Example of a Category
relationships
  • AppleFruitCarrot_______?

AppleFruitCarrotVegetable
14
Examples of possible relationships in an analogy
  • Synonyms or antonyms
  • A part to the whole
  • An example of a category/group
  • Cause to effect (or effect to cause)

15
Here is one example of Cause Effect
relationships
  • CoolFreezeHeat__________

CoolFreezeHeatBoil
16
Examples of possible relationships in an analogy
  • Synonyms or antonyms
  • A part to the whole
  • An example of a category/group
  • Cause to effect (or effect to cause)
  • Different degrees of something

17
Here is one example Difference of Degree
relationships
  • WarmHotCool______?

WarmHotCoolCold
18
Examples of possible relationships in an analogy
  • Synonyms or antonyms
  • A part to the whole
  • An example of a category/group
  • Cause to effect (or effect to cause)
  • Varying degrees of something
  • Object to function

19
Here is one example of Object to Function
relationships
  • CarDriveOven______?

CarDriveOvenBake
20
PRACTICECan you identify the relationship?
  1. Synonyms or antonyms
  2. A part to the whole
  3. A member to the category that contains it
  4. Cause to effect (or effect to cause)
  5. Varying degrees of a quantity or quality
  6. Object to function
  • PENCILERASER
  • BIGGARGANTUAN
  • CONFIDENTDISCOMBOBULATED
  • GILLSBREATHING
  • EATFULL
  • SOCCERSPORT

21
PRACTICECan you identify the relationship?
  1. Synonyms or antonyms
  2. A part to the whole
  3. A member to the category that contains it
  4. Cause to effect (or effect to cause)
  5. Varying degrees of a quantity or quality
  6. Object to function

b
  • PENCILERASER
  • BIGGARGANTUAN
  • CONFIDENTDISCOMBOBULATED
  • GILLSBREATHING
  • EATFULL
  • SOCCERSPORT

e
a
f
d
c
22
Steps to Take
  • 1. What is the relationship?
  • 2. Make a sentence for that relationship.
  • 3. Look for the answer choice that has the
    same relationship.

23
Example
  • APPLE FRUIT
  • Salad Mix
  • Orange Banana
  • Juice Can
  • Slice Core
  • Butterfly Insect

Its category!
24
Example
  • APPLE FRUIT
  • Salad Mix
  • Orange Banana
  • Juice Can
  • Butterfly Insect

An apple is a type of fruit.
25
Example
  • APPLE FRUIT
  • Salad Mix
  • Orange Banana
  • Juice Can
  • Butterfly Insect

Is a salad a type of mix?.
Is an orange a type of banana?
Is a juice a type of can?
Is a butterfly a type of insect?
26
Example
  • APPLE FRUIT
  • Salad Mix
  • Orange Banana
  • Juice Can
  • ButterflyInsect

Yes!
27
How do you know if you have a good sentence?
  • If more than one answer choice seems to fit, then
    your sentence is not good.
  • If none of them work, then your sentence is not
    good.

28
Example
  • PENCIL WRITE
  • Crayon Sharpen
  • Ink Blue
  • Letter Compose
  • Knife Cut
  • Mistake Erase

Object and function!
29
Example
  • PENCIL WRITE
  • Crayon Sharpen
  • Ink Blue
  • Letter Compose
  • Knife Cut
  • Mistake Erase

A pencil is a thing and to write is an action.
BAD
30
Example
  • PENCIL WRITE
  • Crayon Sharpen
  • Ink Blue
  • Letter Compose
  • Knife Cut
  • Mistake Erase

I like to use a pencil to write in school.
BAD
31
Example
  • PENCIL WRITE
  • Crayon Sharpen
  • Ink Blue
  • Letter Compose
  • Knife Cut

You can use a pencil to write.
GOOD
32
Be sure to
  • Pay attention to the order of the words
  • Pay attention to the parts of speech
  • Remember that a single word can have several
    different meaning homonyms
  • Never decide on the best answer without reading
    all the answer choices

33
Practice
  • Large Big
  • Remember Forget
  • Win Success
  • Nostril Smell
  • Audio Hear
  • E. Glasses See

34
Practice
  • Large Big
  • Remember Forget
  • Win Success
  • Nostril Smell
  • Audio Hear
  • E. Glasses See

35
Practice
  • Bat Hitter
  • Score Win
  • Walk Run
  • Mars Venus
  • Stick Hockey Player
  • Basketball Hoop

36
Practice
  • Bat Hitter
  • Score Win
  • Walk Run
  • Mars Venus
  • Stick Hockey Player
  • Basketball Hoop

37
Practice
  • Come Came
  • Walk Walking
  • Ride Rode
  • Left Arrived
  • Did Had Done
  • See Seen

38
Practice
  • Come Came
  • Walk Walking
  • Ride Rode
  • Left Arrived
  • Did Had Done
  • See Seen

39
Online Practice
  • Analogies Game
  • Awesome Analogies
  • Gamequarium Analogies
  • Analogy of the Day

40
Written Practice
  • Sampler Daily Analogies
  • Understanding Analogies
  • Analogies Worksheet
  • Analogies Dining
  • Analogies Notes
  • Analogies Graphic Organizer
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