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Hallmarks of the Renaissance

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... Secularism Pieter Bruegel, Peasant Dance, 1568 (oak on panel) Secularism Boccaccio (1313-1375), The Decameron: Niccol s son, Filippo, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hallmarks of the Renaissance


1
Hallmarks of the Renaissance
  • The Isms

2
What are the characteristics of the Renaissance?
  • The isms
  • humanism (and classicism)
  • individualism
  • secularism
  • scientific naturalism

3
Humanism
  • intellectual movement based on study of the
    classics (classicism)
  • humanities (liberal arts) grammar, rhetoric,
    poetry, ethics, history
  • renewed interest in man and new view of humankind
  • believed in human potential and glorified mans
    dignity
  • man depicted in art as the center of the world
  • civic humanism application of humanist education
    to civil service
  • vs. Middle Ages learning confined largely to
    Christian monasteries subordination of humans to
    God human body should be covered up, not
    glorified (Christian worldview)

4
Humanism (Classicism)
  • Bramante,
  • Tempietto,
  • San Pietro in Montorio,
  • Rome, 1508

5
Humanism
  • Pico della Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of
    Man
  • O supreme generosity of God the Father, O
  • highest and most marvelous felicity of man! To
  • him it is granted to have whatever he chooses, to
  • be whatever he wills.

6
Humanism (Classicism)
  • Michelangelo,
  • David, 1504
  • (marble statue)

7
Individualism
  • new emphasis on individual achievement
  • belief that the individual ought to be free to
    think, speak, and act for himself
  • vs. Middle Ages cooperation within small
    communities individual achievement subordinate
    to religious faith/piety (Christian worldview)

8
Individualism
  • Titian,
  • Portrait of Emperor Charles V at
  • Muhlberg, 1548
  • (oil on canvas)
  • Renaissance portraiture

9
Individualism
  • Titian,
  • Portrait of Empress Isabel of
  • Portugal, 1548
  • (oil on canvas)
  • Renaissance portraiture

10
Individualism
  • Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, 1498 (fresco)
  • each of the 12 apostles has a different,
    individual expression

11
Secularism
  • increasing concern with the material rather than
    spiritual world
  • material values money/wealth, material goods,
    leisure time/activities
  • vs. Middle Ages focus on the spiritual
    world/Kingdom of Heaven (Christian worldview)

12
Secularism
  • Pieter Bruegel, Peasant Dance, 1568 (oak on
    panel)

13
Secularism
  • Boccaccio (1313-1375), The Decameron
  • Niccolòs son, Filippo, being a young man and a
    bachelor, was wont sometimes to bring thither a
    woman for his pleasure, and after keeping her
    there for a few days to escort her thence again.
    Now on one of these occasions it befell that he
    brought thither one Niccolosa, whom a vile
    fellow, named Mangione, kept in a house at
    Camaldoli as a common prostitute. And a fine
    piece of flesh she was, and wore fine clothes,
    and, for one of her sort, knew how to comport
    herself becomingly and talk agreeably.

14
Secularism
  • Hans Holbein,
  • The Ambassadors, 1533
  • (oil on wood)

15
Scientific Naturalism
  • close observation and study of the natural world
  • geometry / proportions / space / laws of
    perspective
  • anatomy
  • realistic portrayal of natural world
  • vs. Middle Ages less realistic and more
    stylized focus is on representation of God
    rather than representation of God (Christian
    worldview)

16
Scientific Naturalism
  • Raphael, School of Athens, 1510 (fresco)
  • laws of perspective

17
Scientific Naturalism
  • Leonardo da Vinci,
  • Study of a womans hands,
  • date unknown (drawing)
  • Leonardo da Vinci,
  • Larynx and legs, 1510 (drawing)

18
Scientific Naturalism
  • Leonardo da Vinci,
  • Vitruvian Man, 1492
  • (pen and ink)
  • study of ideal proportions

19
Scientific Naturalism
  • Fra Angelico,
  • The Annunciation, 1432
  • (tempera on wood)
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