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The Middle Colonies

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The Middle Colonies New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware Middle Colonies Map Middle Colony New York New York Colony The 1st European to come to the New York ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Middle Colonies


1
The Middle Colonies
  • New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware

2
Middle Colonies Map
3
Middle Colony
New York
4
New York Colony
  • The 1st European to come to the New York Harbour
    was Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524.
  • In 1609 the 1st Dutch explorer came to present
    day Albany his name was Henry Hudson.
  • On June 3rd 1621the Dutch West India Company a
    company of Dutch merchants was granted a charter
    for a trade monopoly in the west. This company
    became a main instrument in the Dutch
    colonization of the west.
  • In 1625 the construction of Fort Amsterdam began
    and this is marked as the unofficial birth of New
    York.
  • On May 24th Manhattan island was bought from the
    Lenape natives for 60 Dutch guilders which today
    is worth 1000 dollars, there is a rumour that the
    island was actually bought for 24 dollars but it
    has never been confirmed.
  • On August 27th 1664 four ships from England
    arrived atNew York harbour and demanded New
    Amsterdam surrender their colony. Their current
    Director General Peter Stuyvesant ceded the
    colony to the English but in return kept the way
    of life in the colony.

5
New York Colony Cont.
  • After the colony was taken over by the English it
    was given to the Kings brother the Duke Of York
    and it then was renamed New York after the Duke.
  • On June 12th 1665 New York appointed its 1st
    mayor Thomas Whillet.
  • During the glorious revolution in England New
    York was briefly recaptured by Jacob Leisler and
    and he established a new government where a
    council was elected, but Liesler was captured and
    hanged 1691.Then the English let be of the
    system of government that was setup there.

6
New York Colony Cont.
  • On March 17th 1756 the 1st St. Patricks day was
    celebrated at the Crown and Thistle tavern in New
    York. This holiday has since become a yearly
    city-wide celebration that is famous around the
    world as the St. Patrick's Day Parade.
  • During the glorious revolution in England New
    York was briefly recaptured by Jacob Leisler and
    he established a new government where a council
    was elected, but Liesler was captured and hanged
    1691.Then the English let be of the system of
    government that was setup there.
  • The Zenger case was a great step to freedom
    because it led to freedom of press in New York.
  • Important New York figures included James, Duke
    of York Peter StuyvesantThomas Whillet
    Peter Minuit

7
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8
Middle Colony
New Jersey
9
New Jersey Colony
  • New Jersey was founded by Lord Berkeley and Sir
    George Carteret
  • The motivation for founding was the two promised
    settlers a representative government and
    religious freedom
  • Religions included Presbyterian , Quakers, Dutch
    Reformed, Baptist, Dutch Lutheran, Seventh Day
    Reformed, and Dutch Reformed
  • In a representative government, Philip Carteret
    was the governor of New Jersey from 1665-1682

10
New Jersey Colony Cont.
  • New Jersey had an industrial/agricultural economy
    which involved iron working, lumbering, glass
    production, harvesting grain, and breeding
    livestock-cattle.
  • By 1790, the population was approximately 184,
    139 people.
  • The population consisted of English, Dutch,
    German, Native and African Americans
  • Important figures wereLord Berkeley, Sir George
    Carteret and James, Duke of York
  • New Jersey was the first to approve the Bill of
    Rights.

11
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12
Middle Colony
Pennsylvania
13
Pennsylvania Colony
  • William Penn founded Pennsylvania March 4th, 1681
  • Penn founded for religious freedom for the
    Quakers without persecution.
  • German Reformed, Lutherans, Anglicans, and
    Presbyterians, Roman Catholics, Jews, Dunkers,
    Schwenkfelders, Mennonites, Moravians were also
    religions in P.A
  • In a representative government, William Markham
    was deputy governor from 1681-82, 1693-99
  • The economy was agriculturally based with the
    production of corn, wheat, hemp and flax.

14
Pennsylvania Colony Cont.
  • By 1790, the population was 434,373 people
  • The population was dominated by Native Americans,
    but also English and Irish
  • By 1700, Pennsylvania was the third biggest and
    richest colony in the New World
  • The most important figure in Pennsylvania was
    William Penn.

15
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16
Middle Colony
Delaware
17
Delaware Colony
  • Peter Minuit and the Sweden Company founded
    Delaware in 1638.
  • When Charles II, King of England gave his brother
    James, the Duke of York, New Netherland, he
    demanded and received its surrender, and changed
    New Sweden to Delaware
  • Religions included Scandinavian Lutherans, Dutch
    Reformed, Quakers, and Welsh Baptists
  • In a representative government, Peter Minuit was
    governor for one year- 1638

18
Delaware Colony Cont.
  • Ship building, iron works, trading and shipping
    lumber and timber were part of the economy, as
    well as the harvesting of grain, rice and indigo.
  • By 1790, the population was 59,096 people
  • Settlers were of Swedish, Dutch and English
    origins
  • Delaware was a part of Pennsylvania until 1703.

19
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