* ????? ???? ????, ??????? ??????? ** ????? ???? ??? ?????, ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ??????? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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* ????? ???? ????, ??????? ??????? ** ????? ???? ??? ?????, ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????

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City proper population. Rank. Ln rank. Ln size. Country. City . Pop. (x1000) Not enough datapoints. ... Kelowna. Kingston. Matsqui. Moncton. Saint John. Sherbrooke ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: * ????? ???? ????, ??????? ??????? ** ????? ???? ??? ?????, ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????


1
??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ????????
???????. ??-????, ?. ?'?????, ?. ??????
  • ????? ???? ????, ??????? ??????? ?????
    ???? ??? ?????, ??????? ??????????? ??????
    ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????????
    ?????

2
????? ?????
  • ????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?????.
  • ????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?????
    ????? ????????.
  • ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????????
    ?????.

3
????? ???? ????
  • ????? ????
  • ????? ???????? ?????? (Batty, 2004 Pumain, 2005)
  • ???
  • ??? ????? ???????? ????

4
?????? ????????
  • ?????? ???????? ????? ?????
  • ????? ?????? ????????? ???????
  • ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????
  • ????? ???????? ????? (????? ??????)
  • ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????

5
???? ??????
  • ??? ????? ??????
  • ????' ????? ????? (???? ?- 80)
  • ??' ????? ???? (???? ?- 2000)

6
??????? ?????
  • ??? ???? ??????
  • ?????? ??????? (?????? ????????)
  • ???? ????? ?"? GLA (Gross Leasable Area)
  • ???? ??????? 2,700?"?
  • ??? ???? 1990, 1995, 2000, 2002, 5200
  • 2. ??????????
  • ???? ????? ?"? GLA (Gross Leasable Area)
  • ???? ??????? 200?"?
  • ?????? ????????
  • ??? ???? ????

7
??????? ????? Zipfs Law (Rank-Size
Rule)
  • A(R) A0R-1 A size R - rank

8
??????? ?????
  • ??????? ??????? ???????
  • ???? ?????????? ????? ??? ?? ???? A
  • N(A) rmax r(A)
  • r ????
  • rmax ???? ????????? ????

9
??????? ?????
  • ????? ??????? ????????
  • ?????? ?????? ?? 100 ????? ?????????

10
??????? ?????
  • ????? ????? ???????
  • ???? ?- rank-size ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????
  • ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???????
  • ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????

11
??????? ????? ????? ????
  • ????
  • ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???????
    ???? ?????? ???????

12
??????? ????? ????? ????
  • ???? ?- rank-size
  • Ln-Ln

13
??????? ????? ????? ????
  • ???? ?- rank-size
  • Area versus
  • Ln Rank

14
??????? ????? ????? ????
  • ???? ??????? ???????
  • Scaling in cumulative frequency distribution

15
??????? ????? ????? ????
Chi2 b A0 a
9.92 10,000 1061 67 1995
12.86 9,000 1865 118 2000
12.37 11,500 1607 135 2002
6.95 12,500 1700 169 2005
  • ???? ??????? ???????

16
??????? ????? ????? ????
  • ????????? ???? smoothing

17
??????? ?????
  • ??????? ????????????? ??????????
  • F(x)1-e-x/?
  • ? average
  • ?2 variance
  • Memoryless property

18
??????? ????? - ??????????
  • ??????????
  • ???? ?- rank-size

19
??????? ????? - ??????????
  • ??????????
  • ???? ??????? ???????

20
??????? ????? - ??????????
  • ?????????? ??????????

21
??????? ????? ??????
  • ??????
  • ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?"?
    ??????? ?????????????.
  • ??? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????.
  • ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????.
  • ????? ?????? ?? rank-size ???? ???? Zipf
    ????????.

22
??????? ????? ??????
  • ???????
  • ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????
    ???????.
  • ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????
    ????.
  • ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ????
    (self-similarity).
  • ????? ????? ????? ?????? "?????? ???" (??????
    ?? ????).

???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????
????? ???? ???? ???? ????.
23
  • ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????
  • (?????? ????????)
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