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Persuasive Writing Unit

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Watch a video that explains persuasive appeals and discuss how to apply it to your own writing. Learn how to address the opposition in a counter-argument. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Persuasive Writing Unit


1
Persuasive Writing Unit
2
Issue Immigration
  • Watch the following video clip about illegal
    immigration
  • http//videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/25145-discover
    ing
  • language-arts-persuasive-writing-video.htm

3
Immigration Prompt
  • Should illegal immigrants who are living and
    working in the U.S. be granted citizenship
    rights? Provide clear evidence and quotes from
    credible sources to support your position.
  • -or- Do you support Arizona Senate Bill 1070
    that makes it a state misdemeanor crime for an
    alien to be in Arizona without carrying the
    required documents? Provide clear evidence and
    quotes from credible sources to support your
    position.

4
Issue Football- Too Dangerous?
  • Is football safe enough for children and
    teenagers? In general, do you think the value of
    playing a sport is worth any physical danger it
    might pose?
  • Write a position statement that expresses your
    perspective.
  • Find two or three facts from the article to
    support your claim.

5
Two Sides
  • Find three facts from the article that support
    the claim that the potential injuries that can
    occur from football are NOT worth the risk of
    playing the game.
  • Find three facts from the article that support
    that claim that football is safe.

6
Student Example
  • Position Statement
  • The NFL, NCAA, and other football associations
    need to take football injuries very seriously to
    provide safety for all players.
  • One step that these organizations can take is to
    require teams to use HIT system helmets. This
    helmet allows coaches and doctors to monitor the
    number of blows to the head. The average lineman
    using a HIT helmet logs anywhere from 1000 to
    1,500 hits per season (Goldman, 3).

7
Football Safety Prompt
  • Is football safe enough for children and
    teenagers? In general, do you think the value of
    playing a sport is worth any physical danger it
    might pose? Provide clear evidence and quotes
    from credible sources to support your position.

8
Global Warming Prompt
  • An international group of scientists has
    announced that
  • global warming is here and that Humans are very
    likely
  • the blame. Do you agree or disagree with this
  • declaration?
  • If so, how and why, and what should be done to
    change the trend?
  • If not, who/what is responsible for the trend?
    What can be done to change the trend?
  • Provide clear evidence and quotes to support your
  • answer.

9
Outlining
  • Please write your thesis/position statement in
    the appropriate box on your worksheet.
  • Early finishers, work on filling in the other two
    boxes.
  • If you need more room, feel free to write these
    on a sheet of notebook paper instead.
  • You may use your comp book, but you will need to
    rip it out to turn it in with your essay.

10
Cyberbullying
  • Do you think the government should draft
    legislation to address cyberbullying?
  • Should parents have their childs internet/social
    networking passwords to monitor their online
    activity?
  • Is it the school administrator's responsibility
    to punish bullies, even when their activities
    have not taken place on campus? Or should
    children's rights to free speech be protected,
    even when that speech does emotional harm to
    another student?

11
Cyberbullying Prompt
  • What should the punishment be for acts like
    cyberbullying and online humiliation? Should
    parents and teachers be held accountable if they
    did not step in to stop the bullying?
  • -or- If a person commits suicide because of
    cyberbullying, should bullies be convicted of
    manslaughter? Provide clear evidence and quotes
    from credible sources to support your position.

12
Animal Testing Prompt
  • Medical researchers, cosmetic companies, and
    others often perform experiments on animals. Many
    people feel that experimentation on animals is
    wrong and should be stopped immediately because
    animals do feel pain, and there are other
    alternatives. How do you feel? Provide clear
    evidence and quotes from credible sources to
    support your position.

13
Which word has the most negative connotation?
  • stuck up / proud
  • wimpy / weak
  • unmotivated / lazy
  • unusual / weird
  • determined / stubborn
  • perspire / sweat
  • junk food / fast food
  • slow / cautious
  • old / mature
  • stare / look
  • old / mature

14
Harness the Power of Language
  • Illegal alien / undocumented immigrant
  • bully / aggressor, tormentor, villain, violator
  • bullying / persecuting, victimizing, tormenting
  • testing / experimentation, mutilation, torture,
    cruelty
  • animal subjects / innocent victims
  • climate change / global warming
  • catastrophic effects / detrimental effects
  • skeptics / deniers
  • concussion / brain trauma
  • safety precautions, guidelines / rules,
    limitations
  • issue / problem, crisis

15
Todays Objectives
  • Preview persuasive essay rubric.
  • Watch a video that explains persuasive appeals
    and discuss how to apply it to your own writing.
  • Learn how to address the opposition in a
    counter-argument.
  • Preview persuasive writing checklist.

16
Types of Persuasive Appeals
  • Logical Appeals
  • a. evidence, facts, statistics
  • b. expert opinion
  • c. examples
  • Emotional Appeals
  • a. word choice / connotation
  • b. visual details / imagery
  • Ethical Appeals
  • a. reputation
  • b. sincere, honest tone
  • Try to incorporate all of these strategies into
    your writing
  • They will be putty in your hands!

17
Counter-Arguing
  • Recognize and acknowledge the readers concerns
    and objections
  • Show the reader that their objections are
    invalid or irrelevant.
  • Your voice should be assertive, yet restrained
    do not attack the reader or they will be offended
    and will not take your side.
  • Respectfully disagree with the objections using
    clear, logical evidence and reasoning.

18
Framework for Counter-Argument
  • It might be said that_______, however
  • It could be argued that______, but
  • Some people say/believe/think/feel that____
    This is untrue/incorrect/not the case/
    because__________ or according to_______
  • While critics argue that________
  • While some may say that_______,

19
Example
  • Many people adhere to an eye for an eye
    philosophy, however, until our society is able to
    eradicate all possibility of human error in its
    judicial system, capital punishment must be
    banned.

20
What is Plagiarism?
  • Failing to cite quotations and borrowed ideas.
  • Failing to enclose borrowed language in quotation
    marks.
  • Failing to put summaries and paraphrases in your
    own words.
  • (Bedford Handbook, 570)

21
Paraphrasing Is this Plagiarism?
  • Original Source
  • If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling
    for linguists, it was also startling news for
    animal behaviorists.
  • (An excerpt from an article by B. Davis)
  • Version A
  • The existence of a signing ape unsettled
    linguists and startled animal behaviorists
    (Davis, 26).

This exercise is from The Bedford Handbook
22
Answer A
  • Original Source
  • If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling
    for linguists, it was also startling news for
    animal behaviorists.
  • Version A
  • The existence of a signing ape unsettled
    linguists and startled animal behaviorists
    (Davis, 26).
  • Answer Plagiarism. Even though the writer has
    cited the source, the writer has not used
    quotation marks around the direct quotation, "the
    existence of a signing ape." In addition, the
    phrase, "unsettled linguists and startled animal
    behaviorists," closely resembles the wording of
    the source.

23
Paraphrasing Is this Plagiarism?
  • Original Source
  • If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling
    for linguists, it was also startling news for
    animal behaviorists.
  • Version B
  • If the presence of a sign-language-using chimp
    was disturbing for scientists studying language,
    it was also surprising to scientists studying
    animal behavior (Davis, 26).

24
Answer B
  • Original Source
  • If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling
    for linguists, it was also startling news for
    animal behaviorists.
  • Version B
  • If the presence of a sign-language-using chimp
    was disturbing for scientists studying language,
    it was also surprising to scientists studying
    animal behavior (Davis, 26).
  • Answer Still plagiarism. Even though the writer
    has substituted synonyms and cited the source,
    the writer is plagiarizing because the source's
    sentence structure is unchanged.

25
Paraphrasing Is this Plagiarism?
  • Original Source
  • If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling
    for linguists, it was also startling news for
    animal behaviorists.
  • Version C
  • According to Flora Davis, linguists and animal
    behaviorists were unprepared for the news that a
    chimp could communicate with its trainers through
    sign language (Davis, 26).

26
Answer C
  • Original Source
  • If the existence of a signing ape was unsettling
    for linguists, it was also startling news for
    animal behaviorists.
  • Version C
  • According to Flora Davis, linguists and animal
    behaviorists were unprepared for the news that a
    chimp could communicate with its trainers through
    sign language (Davis, 26).
  • Answer No plagiarism. This is an appropriate
    paraphrase of the original sentence.

27
A Summary of Proper Citation
  • Exact phrases
  • Quotation marks around the phrase
  • Cite the author in the text (authors last name,
    page number) include the source on your Works
    Cited page.
  • Paraphrasing
  • Change the wording AND sentence structure
  • Cite the author in the text include the source
    on your Works Cited page.
  • Ideas
  • Cite the author in the text include the source
    on your Works Cited page.
  • Common knowledge
  • No need to cite
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