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Modern Themes in World History Group 5 Presentation

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Modern Themes in World History Group 5 Presentation By Apolo Rizk, Kelly McMullin, Saima Karim, Marissa Orlando, Jonathan Greechan, Courtney Cline, and Victor Rossi – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Modern Themes in World History Group 5 Presentation


1
Modern Themes in World History Group 5
Presentation
  • By Apolo Rizk, Kelly McMullin, Saima Karim,
    Marissa Orlando, Jonathan Greechan, Courtney
    Cline, and Victor Rossi

2
Introduction Global Conflicts and their
Resolutions
  • The current global conflict we focused on was the
    turmoil involving Afghanistan.
  • We will provide you with a brief history of
    Afghanistan, the Taliban and the Northern
    Alliance

3
Brief History
  • COMMUNIST THREAT
  • In 1979, bordering Communist USSR took control
    of Afghanistan.
  • The US government was not pleased with this
    campaign and began aiding anti-communist rebels
    in Afghanistan
  • Annual funds included 80 million, weapons,
    artillery and CIA training.

4
History (continued)
  • Fighting between the USSR and US assisted rebels
    continued until 1989 when Russia left
    Afghanistan.
  • Both countries eventually lost interest in
    Afghanistan as the Cold War ended.

5
Taliban Rise
  • From a wrecked country rose radical religious
    groups.
  • In 1994 one of these groups becomes known as the
    Taliban (Islamic Students)
  • Led by Mohammad Omar, and aided by Pakistan, it
    began to grow stronger.
  • The Taliban slowly took over the country of
    Afghanistan.

6
continued
  • In 1996, bin Laden gets exiled from Sudan due to
    terrorist activities.
  • Taliban offered safe harbor when bin Laden gave
    its militia 3 million in support
  • With the help of his funds in 1996, the Taliban
    took over Afghan capital Kabul.
  • Since then, it has been in control of Afghanistan.

7
American Help
  • During the communist take over of Afghanistan,
    the United States trained and funded the
    anti-communist rebel group Mujahidin.
  • The former members of the Mujahidin were
    actually the first recruits of the Taliban.
  • It is a common misconception that the American
    government actually helped the Taliban into power.

8
Taliban Opposition
  • NORTHEN ALLIANCE
  • Much like the rebel groups who fought against
    Communism, rebel groups rose to fight the
    Taliban.
  • A coalition of many different tight-knit ethnic
    groups.
  • Before September 11th, the Northern Alliance was
    only in control of 5 of Afghanistan.

9
Terrorist Attacks
  • SEPT. 11th, 2001
  • On this date, the United States suffered the
    worst terrorist attack of its history.
  • Thousands died and many more were distraught.
  • From this, came American resolve to put down
    terrorism.

10
Since the Attacks
  • AMERICAN DEMANDS
  • To Pakistan
  • Use of Airspace
  • End of fuel supply to Taliban

11
Demands
  • To the Taliban
  • Handing over to proper authorities all leaders of
    terrorist group al Qaeda.
  • Immediately and permanently close all terrorist
    training camps in Afghanistan.
  • Turn in every terrorist and persons involved with
    terrorism.

12
Consequences
  • Failure to meet demands
  • Failure to meet American demands would ultimately
    lead to American targeting and bombing of Taliban
    strongholds.
  • Would ultimately lead to being treated with no
    more regard then a terrorist itself - Bush

13
Bombings
  • Consequently, Taliban failed to meet American
    demands.
  • On October 7th, American military took action and
    began bombing raids of Taliban strongholds.
  • Targets include military bases, weapons storage
    facilities and terrorist training camps

14
Opposing Views of American Bombing of Afghanistan
  • The major parties are
  • America
  • Taliban
  • Northern Alliance
  • Afghan People

15
Reactions
  • United States response
  • US views bombings as
  • Critical step in resolving a world-wide struggle
    that only recently the US has experienced.
  • President Bush stated that this decision was the
    most effective and would help bring justice to
    those responsible and discouragement for future
    actions.

16
continued
  • Join us or face certain prospect of death and
    destruction Noam Chomsky MIT professor
  • Attack not only on America, but on American way
    of life, a punishment should and will be served
    to those responsible - Bush

17
continued
  • Taliban response
  • Recently reached a very high state of emergency
    and alert.
  • Has been weakening and retreating from
    Afghanistan.
  • Has urged all Muslims in Pakistan to fight
    Americans.
  • Have suffered major losses.

18
continued
  • Northern Alliance response
  • Committed to downfall and ultimate expulsion of
    Taliban.
  • Increasingly united and encouraged by American
    action.
  • See bombings as an immense opportunity to gain
    control of Afghanistan

19
continued
  • Afghan response
  • Caught between war and conflict for 20 years.
  • Need for peace above anything else.
  • Fear of Taliban, Northern Alliance (also
    radical), and now of errant American missiles.

20
continued
  • Fear of even more war and destruction.
  • Feel forgotten and overlooked.
  • Support anyone fighting against Taliban,
    including the U.S. and the Northern Alliance.
  • However Afghan people do not want any radical
    government, they want people representation and
    elections

21
Resolutions
  • Recent News
  • Resolution to this conflict still seems far.
  • Taliban has weakened in power considerably.
  • Lost stronghold in Afghan capital and other
    important cities.

22
Thank you
  • GOOD LUCK ON EXAMS !!!
  • MERRY CHRISTMAS !!!
  • HAPPY NEW YEAR !!!
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