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PREVENTION OF RECRUITMENT AND UTILIZATION OF CHILDREN BY ILLEGAL ARMED GROUPS IN COLOMBIA

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Title: PREVENTION OF RECRUITMENT AND UTILIZATION OF CHILDREN BY ILLEGAL ARMED GROUPS IN COLOMBIA


1
PREVENTION OF RECRUITMENT AND UTILIZATION OF
CHILDREN BY ILLEGAL ARMED GROUPS IN COLOMBIA
  • MARIO GOMEZ JIMENEZ
  • MAY, 2009

2
TOWARD A PUBLIC POLICY FOR THE
PREVENTION OF RECRUITMENT AND UTILIZATION OF
CHILDREN BY ILLEGAL ARMED GROUPS IN COLOMBIA
3
Some numbers and the scope of the problem
  • National Ombudsman more than 8.000 children
  • Human Rigths Watch more than 11.000 children
  • Maya-Nasa Foundation more than 14.000 children
  • WHO IS RECRUITING?
  • FARC, ELN guerrillas
  • Remaining groups of former AUC (emerging criminal
    bands)

3.850 children under 18 years had receive
attention from the Colombian Institute of Family
Welfare (ICBF) through its specialized program of
attention to boys and girls victims of political
violence
4
Intersectorial Policy for the Prevention of
recruitment and utilization of children
Approached from a Human Rights- based strategy
85 of the children enrolled in illegal armed
groups does it voluntary
It is mandatory to the State to promote
prevention policies to avoid the violation of
rights that lead into recruitment
  • Causes
  • School desertion
  • Domestic violence
  • Low income/unemployment
  • Few school spaces for recreation and games
  • Absence of protector factors such as recreation,
    sports, art, music

5
  • Colombian National government issued the Decree
    N 4690/2007 in order to create the
    Intersectorial Commission for the Prevention of
    recruitment and utilization of child and young
    people by organized illegal groups, which is
    composed by

6
  • Purpose of the intersectorial policy
  • To strength and revitalize social, public and
    private networks, capable to block the action of
    those who threat or violate human rights
  • The Commission Objective is to
  • To promote the accomplishment of the rights of
    the child, health, education, recreation,
    culture, sport and opportunities for the parents
  • To promote comprehensive protection policies
  • To promote more protective surroundings

7 strategies to develop this Articulate, boost,
vitalize y consolidate, encourage, strength,
promote, mobilize
7
MODEL FOR THE PREVENTION OF RECRUITMENT OF CHILD
AND YOUNG PEOPLE BY ILLEGAL ARMED GROUPS
  • A proposal based on the Restrepo Barco Foundation
    experience

8
Montes de María region
9
  • General Purpose
  • To design and put into operation strategies to
    strengthen Social Capital with the children and
    young people of 7 municipalities in Montes de
    María, based on the evaluation, transformation
    and accumulation of rural assets and the
    articulation of local public policies
  • Geographical coverage
  • Bolívar
  • San Juan Nepomuceno
  • San Jacinto
  • Carmen de Bolívar
  • Zambrano
  • Sucre
  • Ovejas
  • Toluviejo
  • San Onofre

10
PROTECTOR FACTORS
RISK FACTORS
As seen in the municipalities of San Juan
Nepomuceno, San Jacinto, Carmen de Bolívar,
Zambrano, Ovejas, Toluviejo, San Onofre
  • Mistreatment of children
  • Unemployment
  • Few school spaces for recreation and games
  • Low schooling level and lack of adequate school
    infrastructure
  • Forced displacements by armed conflict
  • Armed actors presence (FARC, ELN, emerging
    criminal bands)
  • Participation in musical groups
  • Sports
  • Community organization and participation
    activities and social networks (solidarity among
    neighbors)
  • Family integration
  • Jobs and income generation by parents and carers
  • Promotion of social programs by institutions
    (children's dining rooms, training programs and
    promotion of healthy habits).

11
EXPLAINING THE SITUATION
  • DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
  • 15 of boys and 25,2 of girls stated that
    violence and lack of affection within their
    families where determining facts to enroll armed
    groups. (National Ombudsman investigation on
    2006)
  • Salary offer by armed groups 34.5 of children
    surveyed stated that they joined the armed groups
    for the promise of an economic offer.
  • (Attention program to ex combatant children.
    ICBF)

12
ADITIONAL COMPONENTS
13
It is necessary to
  • In the future, there should be more credibility
    from the community towards local authorities
    initiatives in the execution of programs aiming
    to extend coverage and quality on education and
    health services.
  • Base organizations should increase their
    participation in child protection programs.
  • The presence of international organisms holding
    programs associated with the pursuit of family
    and children welfare, should increase with the
    Peace Laboratories
  • It is necessary to motivate and support families
    and their children in the accomplishment of their
    rights.

14
It is necessary to
  • Existence of base organizations with clear impact
    in the development of social capital
  • Culture
  • Sports
  • Inclusion of child and youth oriented-policies in
    the local development plan
  • Recover cultural traditions as a teaching element
    in educational processes.
  • Solidarity among community

15
It is necessary to
  • Fix a public policy to guarantee resources to
    the 50 focused municipalities
  • The public approaching of this issue is late in
    time, since this problematic has been present in
    Colombia for several years, and the children
    recruited are utilized for tasks such as
  • Planting landmines
  • Being objects of sexual abuse and sexual
    exploitation
  • Taking care of hostages
  • Participating in hostilities
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