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Short and Sweet: Elements of a Short Story

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Elements of a Short Story 7th Grade: Fall 2009 ... Ironically, he was mauled and eaten by a bear. I got a feeling that this term is going be a good term to know – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Short and Sweet: Elements of a Short Story


1
Short and SweetElements of a Short Story
  • 7th Grade Fall 2009

2
Why lift your head up off your desk and listen
up? Ill tell you why
After today you will Be an expert on all the
literary elements involved in a short
story. Relate elements (some old and some new)
to the stories we have read and your favorite
childhood stories. Refresh your love for
READING (I promise) ?
3
Prose
  • Refers to the type of writing that appears in
    stories (both short stories and novels)
  • Ordinary form of written language as opposed to
    poetry.
  • Poetry vs. Prose

4
Pointing at the PLOT
  • The sequence of events occurring because of a
    problem or a conflict.
  • Each event results from a previous one and causes
    the next.

Dont get confused with the setting. Setting
refers to time, location and circumstance of a
story!
Think about the domino effect Consequently,
when one domino falls, it causes others to fall.
5
PLOT DIAGRAM
6
Examining the EXPOSITION
  • Also called the introductiongives necessary
    background information
  • Introduces the setting, characters, and basic
    situation

7
Raising the Roof withRISING ACTION
  • Series of events that increase tension and/or
    suspense
  • Internal/external conflicts are added to lead
    toward climax

8
Choking on Popcorn atTHE CLIMAX
  • The turning point or high point
  • Moment of greatest tension/ intensity
  • Outcome of the plot hangs in the balance
  • OMG!!

9
Free Falling.THE FALLING ACTION
  • Event(s) following the climax that may answer
    questions presented during the rising action and
    lead to the resolution

10
Reflecting on theRESOLUTION
  • The conclusion
  • The outcome of the conflict in a plot which may
    reveal character development and theme
  • Readers questions may be answered

11
CONFLICT
No, no, no, no dont mess with my heart
  • The struggle between two opposing forces
  • Causes the action of a story

12
Conflict Internal vs. External
  • External Conflict
  • a struggle against
  • an outside force
  • Man vs. Man
  • Man vs. Nature
  • Man vs. Society

13
Conflict Internal vs. External
I dont know who I am What should I do with
life? AHHHH!
  • Internal Conflict a struggle within a character
  • Man vs. Self

14
Characterization
We are all our unique own character, thanks to
the writer of our show!!
  • The act or techniques used to create or develop
    characters in the story.

PROTAGONIST Central character around which
conflict revolves. ANTAGONIST character in
conflict with central character
15
Fallin on the FLAT
  • Flat Characters
  • One sided, often stereotypical.
  • Simple to understand often lacking creativity

16
Rockin with the ROUND.
  • Round Characters
  • Complex multidimensional
  • Fully developed and exhibits many traits (both
    flaws and virtues)

17
Simply Static.
Im waiting for my true loves kissthe ENTIRE
MOVIE.
  • Static Characters
  • Do not change throughout the entire story.

18
Getting Down with the Dynamic.
  • Dynamic Characters
  • Undergoes important changes throughout the story
  • - Personality, attitude or maturity changes

19
Character MOTIVATION
  • Provides a reason that explains the characters
    thoughts, feelings, actions, or speech.

What makes the character tick? Im gonna figure
it out!
20
Pointing at the Point of View
  • The perspective or vantage point from which the
    story is told.

21
Feeling it First Hand.
  • First Person P.O.V.
  • A character involved in the story tells it (I,
    me)
  • The reader sees it through this persons eyes as
    he/she experiences it and only knows only what
    he/she feels

Im Ponyboy, the central character of this story.
This is my story
22
Wait for Second.
  • Second Person P.O.V.
  • Anything written from the perspective of you
    (e.g., recipes, instructions, self-help books).
  • This is not very common in literature.

23
Third Times a Charm.
  • Third Person P.O.V.
  • Third Person Omniscient This is the
  • all knowing narrator who knows everyones
    thoughts and feelings.
  • Third Person Limited The narrator shares the
    inner thoughts and feelings of only one character
  • Third Person Objective The narrator tells the
    story without detailing any of the characters
    thoughts. This is the fly on the wall
    perspective. (Often used in newspaper articles).

24
Isnt it Ironic.Dont You Think?
Its a traffic jam, when youre already late. A
no smoking sign on your cigarette break.
  • Irony
  • A contrast between appearance and reality.
  • A situation that is opposite from what is
    expected.

Meet Timmy Treadwellhe loved bears and spent
summers in Alaska with them. Ironically, he was
mauled and eaten by a bear.
25
I got a feeling that this term is going be a good
term to knowFORESHADOWING
  • Foreshadowing
  • Clues hinting at what will happen later

26
Flashback to something important
  • Flashback
  • -A technique that allows a writer to present
    past events during current events, in order to
    provide background for the current narration.

27
Staring at the Symbol
  • Symbol
  • A person, place or thing that stands for
    something beyond itself

28
Thinking about theTheme
  • Theme
  • The message or insight about life or human
    nature, a significant truth to be learned

You need to know what it has been like to be ME!
29
You should now have complete Cornell notes on
The Elements of a Short StoryHang on to your
notes until I am well enough to come back to
school.Mrs. Andujar
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