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The War Between The States

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The War Between The States A Timeline of the Civil War 1860 Dec. 20, 1860 So. Car. secedes after the election of Lincoln Followed by Miss, Fla, Ala, GA, LA, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The War Between The States


1
The War Between The States
  • A Timeline of the Civil War

2
1860
  • Dec. 20, 1860 So. Car. secedes after the
    election of Lincoln
  • Followed by Miss, Fla, Ala, GA, LA, and TX

3
The Progress of War 1861-1865
4
1861
  • Feb. 9 Confederate States of America formed
  • Jefferson Davis President
  • April 12 Fort Sumter (S.C.) attacked by Confed.
    forces
  • Civil War begins

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7
1861
  • April 15 Lincoln calls for 75K volunteers for
    the Union army
  • Command of Army offered to Robert E. Lee of VA.
    He refuses
  • April 17 VA, AR, TN, NC join the Confederacy

8
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9
1861
  • April 19 Lincoln begins naval blockade of
    Confederate states
  • April 20 Lee resigns from U.S. army takes
    command of Confed. Forces in VA

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11
1861
  • July 21 Union forces under Irwin McDowell
    defeated at Bull Run (Manassas) Conf. General
    Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson a hero of the
    battle.
  • Union troops spectators flee back to Washington
    D.C.

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17
1861
  • July 27 Gen. George B. McClellan given command
    of Union Army of the Potomac
  • McClellan soon given command of all Union forces
  • Nov. 8 2 Conf. diplomats captured enroute to
    England to get British support Lincoln lets
    them free after threats of war by England

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19
1862
  • February Union General Ulysses S. Grant wins
    victories in west at Ft. Henry Ft. Donelson
    part of a push to divide the Confed.
  • Earns nickname Unconditional Surrender Grant

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21
1862
  • March 8/9 Confed. Merrimac Union Monitor
    fight to a draw in 1st battle of the Ironclads
  • Changes naval battle forever

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23
1862
  • March McClellan begins Peninsular Campaign to
    take Confed. capital city of Richmond, VA
    typical slow, cautious advance by McClellan
  • April 6/7 Grants forces attacked at Shiloh
    (TN) 23K casualties
  • Lincoln reluctantly relieves Grant of command

24
1862
  • April 24 Union naval forces under David
    Farragut take New Orleans
  • June 1 Robert E. Lee assumes command of
    Confederate forces
  • June 25-July 1 Seven Days Battles Lee forces
    McClellan to pull back to Washington

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26
1862
  • Aug. 29/30 75K Union forces under Gen. John
    Pope defeated by 55K Confed. troops under Jackson
    Longstreet at 2nd Bull Run

27
Confederate Gen. James Longstreet
Union Gen. John Pope
28
1862
  • Sept. Lee invades North (MD) threatens
    Washington McClellan pursues with copies of
    Lees battle plans
  • Sept. 17 Antietam bloodiest day in U.S.
    military history
  • 26K casualties Lee forced to retreat to VA
    McClellan fails to pursue Lee

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31
1862
  • Sept. 22 Lincolns Preliminary Emancipation
    Proclamation Blacks will be allowed to join the
    Union Army in Black-only units

32
Emancipation Proclamation
33
1862
  • Nov. 7 McClellan relieved of command New Gen.
    is Ambrose Burnside
  • Dec. 13 Burnsides forces suffer terrible
    defeat at Fredericksburg, VA after 14 futile
    assaults on entrenched Confeds.

34
"If you don't want to use the army, I should like
to borrow it for a while. - Lincoln
35
"We might as well have tried to take hell. -
Union soldier at Fredricksburg
"It is well that war is so terrible - we should
grow too fond of it," states Lee during the
fighting.
12,600 Union dead vs. 5300 Confederates
36
1863
  • Jan. 1 Emancipation Proclamation issued freeing
    all slaves in Confed. held territory
  • War to preserve Union becomes struggle to end
    slavery

37
1863
  • Jan. 25 Burnside replaced by Gen. Joseph Hooker
  • Jan. 29 Grant placed in command of Army of the
    West
  • Told to take Vicksburg on Miss. River
  • March 3 Congress enacts the military draft
  • Those who could pay 300 could hire a substitute

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39
1863
  • May1-4 Hookers forces defeated by Lee at
    Chancellorsville, VA
  • Stonewall Jackson mortally wounded by his own
    troops
  • June 28 Gen. George Meade replaces Joe Hooker

40
Confederate dead at the Sunken Road -
Chancellorsville
41
Union Gen. George Meade
42
Military Strategy at Gettysburg
43
Picketts Charge
44
Musket Fire
45
1863
  • July 1-3 The Battle of Gettysburg Union
    forces under Meade defeat Lee, forcing the
    Confeds. to retreat to VA Meade fails to pursue
    and destroy the battered Confederate Army
  • The battle is the turning point of the war

46
Union dead at Gettysburg
47
Little Round Top - Gettysburg
A dead Confederate Sharpshooter - Little Round Top
48
Confederate dead in the Devils Den
Amputation being performed at a Union field
Hospital
49
Cannon Fire
50
1863
  • July 4 Grant takes Vicksburg and takes control
    of the Miss. River
  • Confederacy is split in two
  • July 13-16 Violent anti-draft riots in NYC

51
1863
  • Sept.19/20 Union forces defeated at
    Chickamauga, TN Union Gen. Rosecrans troops
    trapped in Chattanooga, TN
  • Oct. 16 Grant given control of all western
    armies

52
1863
  • Nov. 19 Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg Address
    to dedicate a cemetery on the site of the
    battlefield

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55
1863
  • Nov. 23-25 Grants forces break siege of
    Chattanooga Union troops avenge the loss at
    Chickamauga

56
1864
  • March 9 Grant given command of Union Army
    Gen. William T. Sherman given control of armies
    of the west
  • May Coordinated campaign of all Union forces
    begins. 120K Union troops under Grant begin
    moving toward Richmond Gen. Lee
  • Beginning of a war of attrition

57
Union Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman
58
1864
  • June 3 Battle of Cold Harbor (VA) Grant
    foolishly attacks a strongly held Confed.
    position loses 7K men in 20 mins.

59
Union Gen. Ulysses Simpson Grant
Planning the Cold Harbor Assault
60
1864
  • June 15 Siege of Petersburg begins Lees
    forces surrounded
  • July 20 Sherman reaches Atlanta begins a
    3-month struggle to take the vital southern city
  • Aug. 29 Democrats nominate McClellan to run
    against Lincoln

61
The 13-inch Union mortar "Dictator" mounted on a
railroad flatcar at Petersburg. Its 200-pound
shells had a range of over 2 miles
62
1864
  • Sept. 2 Sherman captures Atlanta a boost for
    Lincolns re-election campaign
  • Sherman destroys Atlantas warehouses and
    railroads
  • Nov. 8 Lincoln re-elected president
  • Nov. 15 Sherman begins his March to the Sea
  • Dec. 21 Sherman reaches Savannah, GA, leaving
    behind scorched earth in his wake

63
General Sherman (Rt) surveys the damage at
Atlanta (below and next slide)
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65
Field Hospitals
66
Northern Home front
67
Southern Home front
68
1865
  • Jan. 31 - 13th Amendment to the Constitution
    passed Congress sent to states for ratification
    - outlaws slavery in the U.S.
  • March 4 - Lincoln inaugurated for 2nd term
  • April 2 - Lee evacuates Petersburg - Richmond
    also evacuated - Grant's forces advance
  • April 4 - Lincoln tours Richmond Confederate
    White House

69
Union troops at Petersburg (left) and Richmond
(below)
70
The Confederate White House in Richmond
71
1865
  • April 9 - Lee surrenders at Appomatox Courthouse,
    VA
  • April 14 - Lincoln shot at Ford's Theater

72
Lee, shortly after his surrender
The Civil War started on the property of Wilmer
McLean in Manassas, VA and ended with the
surrender of Lees forces in the parlor of
McLeans home in Appomatox Courthouse, VA.
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