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Women's Rights Before the Civil War Chapter 8 Section 4

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Title: Women's Rights Before the Civil War Chapter 8 Section 4


1
Women's Rights Before the Civil War Chapter 8
Section 4
2
Objectives
  • Identify the limits faced by American women in
    the early 1800s.
  • Trace the development of the womens movement.
  • Describe the Seneca Falls Convention and its
    effects.

3
Limitations on Women
  • Could not own property.
  • Rarely received a formal education.
  • No right to vote.
  • Could not hold office.
  • Women contributed to society privately by
    influencing their husbands and raising good
    children.

4
Some cultural groups living in America, Native
American, African Americans, and Mexican
Americans, traditionally allowed women more power
and freedom.
Some were also matrilineal societies, which
permitted women to inherit family property and
names.
Most American women were denied these rights.
5
New Opportunities for Women
Women played key roles in public education,
abolition, temperance, and reforming the
treatment of the mentally ill.
Many abolitionists supported womens rights.
Many women joined church-sponsored reform groups.
6
  • Famous Women Reformers
  • Public school movement Catherine Beecher, Emma
    Willard, Elizabeth Blackwell
  • Treatment of mentally ill Dorothea Dix
  • Abolition Sojourner Truth (at right) Angelina
    Grimké and Sarah Grimké

7
Industrialization brought women into the
workplace in the 1820s and 1830s.
  • Factories and mills provided the first jobs that
    women held outside of the home.
  • Though their pay was lower than mens, and their
    husbands or fathers typically collected their
    wages, women developed a new degree of
    independence.

By the 1830s, some women had even joined labor
unions and participated in strikes.
8
Still, little changed in the status of women
until two trends coincided in the 1830s.
Middle class women began to hire poor women as
housekeepers, allowing them time for activism.
Women working for abolition began to compare
their own condition with that of slaves.
9
Womens Movement
  • Began when a few men and women questioned the
    lack of rights and opportunities for women.
  • In Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the
    Condition of Women, the Grimké sisters argued
    that God made men and women equal.
  • In Women in the Nineteenth Century,
    Transcendentalist Margaret Fuller argued that men
    and women were intellectually equal.

10
Two abolitionists led the call for full equality.
Lucretia Mott, a Quaker, had helped found the
American Anti-Slavery Society. At an
abolitionist convention in London, Mott and
Elizabeth Cady Stanton were outraged by the
limits placed on their participation in the
proceedings.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
11
Seneca Falls Convention
  • Hundreds of men and women attended, including
    Frederick Douglass.
  • Delegates adopted a Declaration of Sentiments
    modeled after the Declaration of Independence.

Although it produced few real changes in womens
rights, the convention marked the beginning of
the womens movement in the United States.
12
Amelia Bloomer was so inspired at Seneca Falls
that she went on to publish her own newspaper,
The Lily, advocating womens equality. She also
advocated equality in dress long pants worn
under a shorter skirt came to be called
bloomers after her.
Also inspired by the convention was Susan B.
Anthony, who would go on to become a leader in
the suffrage movementthe most critical of all
womens political rights.
13
This act became a model for laws enacted in other
states for many years.
In 1848, New York passed the Married Womens
Property Act, guaranteeing women property rights
for the first time.
By the mid-1800s, a new course was set. Their
gains were small and slowly won, but womens
fight for equality had begun.
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