The Codes of Medical Ethics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Codes of Medical Ethics PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 577758-N2RkZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Codes of Medical Ethics

Description:

Medical Ethics Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2006 Heydar Shadi Kiarash Aramesh A profession is an ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:202
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: Camp140
Learn more at: http://www.zums.ac.ir
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Codes of Medical Ethics


1
The Codes of Medical Ethics
Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research
Center Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2006
  • Heydar Shadi
  • Kiarash Aramesh

2
A profession is an occupation that requires-
extensive training- study and mastery of
specialized knowledge- association- ethical
code - process of certification or licensing.
What is profession?
3
A profession is an occupation that requires-
extensive training- study and mastery of
specialized knowledge- association- ethical
code - process of certification or licensing.
What is profession?
4
What is profession?
Examples accounting, law, nursing,
medicine, finance, the military, the clergy
and engineering.
5
  • professions each hold to a specific code of
    ethics, and members are almost universally
    required to swear some form of oath to uphold
    those ethics.

6
Types of professional ethics Statements -Prayers
-Oaths -Codes
7
Prayers state a very personal commitment of duty
Prayers
8
(No Transcript)
9
oaths
oaths publicly pledge the oath taker to uphold
specified responsibilities
10
What is Code?
Ethical guidelines for members of a profession.
11
codes
codes provide more comprehensive standards to
guide the practicing health practitioner,
patient, or other decision maker
12
- Bioethics- Medical Ethics- I.T. Ethics-
Management Ethics- Academic Ethics- Business
Ethics - Political Ethics - Environmental
ethics- Journalism ethics - Military ethics
and
Code of Ethics in Different Professions
13
Code of Ethics for of nurse anesthetistsCode of
Ethics for radiology technologistsCode of Ethics
for clinical laboratory scienceCode of Ethics
for surgical technologistsCode of Ethics for
surgeonsCode of Ethics for occupational
hygienists Code of Ethics for nursesCode of
Ethics for pediatriciansCode of Ethics for
Emergency PhysiciansCode of Ethics for
MidwivesCode of Ethics for psychologistsCode of
Ethics for pharmacy servicesCode of Ethics for
optometristsCode of Ethics for
neurosurgeonshttp//ethics.iit.edu/codes/health.
html
Code of Ethics in Different Medical Professions
14
The English physician, Thomas Percival
(1740-1804) in 1803 published his Medical Ethics
or, a Code of Institutes and Precepts Adapted to
the Professional Conduct of Physicians and
Surgeons. This code, following in the tradition
of the Hippocratic Oath was to influence the
development of later codes of medical ethics.
Indeed, the American Medical Association (AMA)
adapted and adopted Percival's code for use by
American physicians in 1847. The Percivalian code
asserted the moral authority and independence of
physicians in service to others, affirmed the
profession's responsibility to care for the sick,
and emphasized individual honor.
6- Thomas Percival. Medical Ethics.
15
7- American Medical Association (AMA) Code of
Ethics (1846)
The AMA Code of Ethics was adapted from the
ethical code of conduct published in 1794 by
Thomas Percival. This was the first code to be
adopted by a national professional organization.
The current AMA code of ethics (2001) has nine
articles which is two more than the previous
version (1980). These additions stress the
responsibility the doctor has to the patient and
the support of universal access to medical care.
Provisions are also added to the revised Oath
regarding a commitment to medical education and a
responsibility for the betterment of public
health. Other features of the Code are
16
dedication, competence, compassion and respect
- honesty and duty to report fraud or deception
- respect for the law - respect for the
rights of patients and colleagues - respect for
privacy and patient - confidentiality -
continued education, study, and consultation with
other professionals - freedom of association
and environment in the practice of the Art -
responsibility to make efforts to improve the
community
17
9- Declaration of Geneva (1948)
This oath for physicians was adopted by the newly
established (1948) World Medical Association
largely in response the atrocities committed in
the name of research in WWII Nazi concentration
camps. It was also meant to update the
Hippocratic Oath to make it more applicable to
the modern era. (World Medical Association,
1948, 1968, 1983) Recided at the time of
beingadmitted as a member of the medical
profession
18
10- International Code of Medical Ethics(World
Medical Association, 1949, 1968, 1983)
19
11- Declaration of Helsinki
????? 1962 ????? ??? 1964? 1975? 2000 ?????
? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ? ???? ? ????? ?? ???
????? ??? ????? ?? ????
20
12- ??????? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ??
????????? ???? ? ????? ? ??????- ??????
?? ????????? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????
?????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???
??????? ?? ??? ??????? 1971 ??1965 ?? ?????????
????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ????
????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????
??? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? 1930 ?? ????? ?????
????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??
????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??????? 1970 ??
??????? ??????????? ????. ???? ????? ????? ????
?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ??
?? ?? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????
????? ????????. ?? ??? 1973 ????? ??????
??????? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ??
????????? ???? ? ????? ? ?????? ????? ???. ?????
???????? ? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??????
???????? ? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????
21
????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????
???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???
1373 ????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? (1377)
????? ????????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ??
?????????? ???? ????? ? ????? ???????? (1378)
????? ?????26???? ????? ???????? ???? (1379
) ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?????(1384)
22
???????? ? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?????
23
????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??
???????? ???? ????? (1379)
  • ????26 ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?????
    ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???. ?????? ?? ????
  • ???? ? ??????? ??????? (??????) ??? ????? ??? ???.

24
???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????
?????
  • ??? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??
    ????.? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????
    ?? ??? ???? ????.  
  • ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??
    ????? ? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?????.  
  • ????? ??? ???? ??????? ? ????????? ????. ?????
    ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???????
    ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????. ????????? ?????
    ?????? ????? ? ?? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????
    ???????? ?? ???. ???? ????? ? ??????? ????? ????
    ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ????.  
  • ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????
    ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??
    ????????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????
    ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ? ?????? ???? ????? ??
    ?????? ???

25
???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????
?????
  • ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ??????
    ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??????
    ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ? ??????? ??????? ???
    ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????. ???? ?????? ?? ?????
    ???? ???? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????
    ????? ????. ??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????
    ????? ????? ???.  
  • ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????????
    ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????
    ???? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???. ??
    ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????.
    ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???
    ???? ???? ???? ??????.  
  • ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????
    ???? ????? ????? ? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????
    ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ? ????? ?????
    ?????.  
  • ???? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??
    ?????? ?? ???? ? ???? ???? ? ???? ?????? ????? ?
    ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? (?????) ????? ???? ?
    ???????? ???.  

26
???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????
?????
  • ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ???????
    ???? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????.
    ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????
    ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???. ????? ???? ?????
    ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?????
    ????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ????.  
  • ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ? ???? ?? ?????
    ????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??
    ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???.  
  • ???? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??
    ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ???.  
  • ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ? ????
    ???? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????
    ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??
    ???? ??? ???? ????.

27
???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????
?????
  • ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??
    ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????. ?????
    ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ??
    ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??
    ??? ???? ?? ???.  
  • ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????
    ?????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??
    ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??
    ?? ????? ?? ???.  
  • ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??
    ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??
    ? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???
    ????.  
  • ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??
    ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ? ????? ????? ?? ???
    ????? ?? ????? ??????? - ??????? ????? ? ?? ??
    ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ????
    ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??
    ?????.  
  • ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ? ????? ??????
    ????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ????. ???
    ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????
    ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???.

28
???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????
?????
  • ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??
    ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????
    ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????
    ? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????.  
  • ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????
    ???? ????? ????? ???.  
  • ??? ????? ????? ?? ?? ? ????? ?? ????? ????.  
  • ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???
    ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???
    ?? ??? ???? ??????? ? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??
    ????? ?? ?????? ???? ????????? ?????? ???????
    ???? ? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ???.  
  • ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ??
    ????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???????? ????.
    ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???.  
  • ???? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????
    ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???
    ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????.

29
???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????
?????
  • ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ? ?? ?? ????
    ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ???
    ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????
    ????? ????. ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????????
    ?????? ? ?? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???
    ??? ?????. ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???. ??
    ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ??????
    ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??
    ????? ?? ????.  
  • ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??
    ???? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ? ?? ?????
    ????? ???? ? ????? ????? ????. ????? ???? ???? ??
    ???? ???? ? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????
    ????? ???.  
  • ?? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ??
    ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????
    ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ???.

30
????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ????
?????
  • ????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????
    ???? ???????? ?? ??? 1383 ???? ????? ?? ?????
    ????? ? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ??
    ????????? ???? ????? ???. ????????? ????? ?? ??
    ????? ????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ? ????? ?
    ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????????? ? ?????
    ???????? ????? ?????? ???.

31
????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????
  1. ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ? ????? ?????
    (??????1384)
  2. ????? ???????? ?? ?? ?? ???????? (???????1384)
  3. ??????? ??????? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ?????
    ????? (???????? 1384)
  4. ??? ????? ? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????????
    ???????? ????? (???????? 1384)
  5. ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????
    (???????? 1384)
  6. ??????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????
    ????????? (???????? 1384)

32
  1. ????? ? ??????? ???? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????
    ?? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ? ????? ????? ???
    ????? ?? ????? ????? ????(28-29??????? 1384)
  2. ????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ?
    ????? ???????? ? ?????? ????? ????? (????? 1384)
  3. ??????? ???? ????????? ????? ???? ???? ??
    ????????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?????
    (???????1384)
  4. ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ? ?????
    ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?????
  5. ????? ? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ? ?????
    (????? 1384)

33
????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????
1- ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ????
?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ???? ????
?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ?????? ??
????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ? ??????? ????? ??????
?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????
????? ????? ?? ??? ????????? 2- ??????? ??????
???????? ????? ??? ? ???? 3- ??????? ?????? ???
????????? ?????? 4- ??????? ?????? ????????
????? 5- ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? 6-
??????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ? ????
34
http//mehr.tums.ac.ir/
35
(No Transcript)
36
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com