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Shakespeare

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Shakespeare s Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare: A Brief Biography Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon John Shakespeare (father) tanner, glover, dealer in grain town ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Shakespeare


1
Shakespeares
  • Romeo and Juliet

2
Shakespeare A Brief Biography
  • Born in April 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon
  • John Shakespeare (father)
  • tanner, glover, dealer in grain
  • town official (alderman, and later mayor)
  • Mary (mother)
  • daughter of Robert Arden, a prosperous
    gentleman-farmer.

3
Shakespeare A Brief Biography
  • Married Anne Hathaway in 1582
  • Three children born Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet
  • By 1590, he was an actor and playwright
  • Leader of the Lord Chamberlains Men and the
    Kings Men
  • died April 23, 1616

4
Shakespeare A Brief Biography
  • He was buried in Stratford the inscription on
    his tombstone reads. . .

5
Shakespeare A Brief Biography
  • Good Friend, for Jesus sake, forbear
  • To dig the dust enclosed here
  • Blest be the man that spares these stones
  • And curst be he that moves my bones.

6
Best Known For
  • 37 plays, including Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear,
    Julius Caesar, Midsummer Nights Dream, and of
    course, Romeo and Juliet
  • The exact year in which William Shakespeare wrote
    Romeo and Juliet is unknown, but it is definitely
    one of his earlier works, and one of only two
    tragedies written in the period from 1590 to 1595
  • 155 poems, all written in the same style, known
    as The Shakespearean Sonnet

7
The Shakespearean Sonnet
  • 14 lines
  • Rhyme Scheme abab cdcd efef gg
  • Iambic pentameter
  • The last two lines are a rhyming couplet
  • Shakespeares plays are also written in couplets
    and iambic pentameter, except for when the
    servants or comical characters speak. There are
    even sonnets in his plays.

8
All the Worlds a Stage
  • Shakespeare wrote hundreds of poems, but he is
    best known for his plays.
  • The playwright develops a story through dialogue,
    monologues, and staging.
  • The director helps actors perform the play the
    way it was intended.

9
The Globe Theater
10
The Globe Theater
  • He wrote his plays to be performed in the Globe
    Theater.
  • It was built in 1599 and burned down 14 years
    later in 1613.
  • It was an 8 sided building with a central yard.

11
The Globe Theater
  • Spectators price of admissions was
  • one penny - to stand in yard around stage (these
    were called the groundlings)
  • two pennies - to sit in 2nd and 3rd floor
    galleries
  • three pennies - to sit in the first floor
    galleries

12
The Globe Theater
  • Stage
  • 1/3 of yard was filled with 6ft high platform
  • no curtain
  • no artificial lighting
  • back wall had at least two doors
  • balcony was used for hilltops, walls of cities,
    or second story scenes.
  • trapdoors were used to raise or lower actors and
    props.

13
The Globe Theater
  • Take a tour of the new Globe Theater. . . .
  • Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

14
Romeo and Juliet
  • The plot was based on a fourteenth-century
    Italian short story, or novella, written by
    Matteo Bandello, that included elements of
    history, tradition, romance, and fable.
  • Both the short story and the play bear many
    similarities to the myth of Pyramus and Thisbe
    from ancient Greece

15
Review of Important Literary Terms
  • Plot (exposition, rising action including
    internal and external conflict, climax, falling
    action, resolution)
  • Characterization (round, flat, dynamic, static,
    protagonist, antagonist)
  • Foreshadowing
  • Epithet
  • Irony (situational, dramatic, verbal)
  • Figurative language (including hyperbole, simile,
    metaphor, personification, etc)
  • Imagery

16
New Terms We Need to Know
  • Foil a secondary character who has enough in
    common to serve as a contrast to point out traits
    of a primary character
  • Example Who would be Atticuss foil?
  • PunA play on two words similar in sound but
    different in meaning.
  • Example I work as a baker because I knead
    dough.
  • See punoftheday.com
  • Oxymoron term formed by joining words that seem
    to contradict one another
  • Example deafening silence, bittersweet

17
  • Extended Metaphor metaphor extended throughout a
    stanza or an entire poem, usually by using
    multiple comparisons between the unlike objects
    or ideas (also called conceit)
  • Couplet Two lines -the second line immediately
    following the first- of the same metrical length
    that end in a rhyme
  • Enjambment running over from one line to the
    next without a pause / punctuation break
  • Shakespearean Sonnet 14 line poem with an
    ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme
  • Iambic Pentameter see later handout
  • Blank Verse see later handout

18
  • Asidea short passage spoken by one character to
    the audience while the other actors on stage
    pretend their characters cannot hear the
    speaker's words.
  • Tragedy a narrative about serious and important
    actions that ends unhappily (usually w/ the
    deaths of the main characters).
  • Soliloquy a speech that a character gives to
    himself no other characters are onstage
  • Dialogue lines spoken between characters
  • Monologue a speech that a character gives alone
    but others may be onstage
  • Stage Directions parts of the script written by
    the playwright as unspoken directions for the
    characters

19
CHARACTERS The Montagues
The Capulets Lord Montague
Lord Capulet Lady Montague
lady Capulet Benvolio,
nephew Juliet,
daughter Romeo,
son
Tybalt, nephew Servants Nurse (Juliets
nanny) Servants The Others Mercutio,
Romeos best friend Escalus, Prince of
Verona Paris, count of Verona Friar Lawrence,
spiritual leader of Verona Friar John, friend of
Friar Lawrence Apothecary
20
Romeo and Juliet
  • Romeo and Juliet is as much about hate as love
  • Although Romeo and Juliet is considered one of
    the worlds greatest love stories, it can be
    argued that the love story is only a vehicle for
    the resolution of the story about hate, that is,
    the feud between the two families.

21
Themes in Romeo and Juliet
  • Themes are the fundamental and often universal
    ideas explored in a literary work.
  • Unit Essential Question How can literature
    explore universal themes of love and loss?

22
Themes in Romeo and Juliet
  • 1. The Forcefulness of Love and Attraction
  • Focus on romantic love
  • Nature of infatuation vs. lasting love
  • Love is blind (for better and worse)
  • Love as overpowering force
  • Family
  • Friends
  • Can lead to violence

23
Themes in Romeo and Juliet
  • 2. The Individual Versus Society
  • Romeo and Juliet against. . .
  • Family
  • Law
  • Religion
  • Honor

24
Themes in Romeo and Juliet
  • 3. The Inevitability of Fate
  • Straight path or series of crossroads?
  • Star-crossed Lovers
  • Feud
  • Series of Unfortunate Events
  • Bad Timing

25
Themes in Romeo and Juliet
  • 3. The Generation Gap
  • Parents just dont understand
  • Youth is pure

26
Prologue
  • CHORUS In the beautiful city of Verona, where
    our story takes place, a long-standing hatred
    between two families erupts into new violence,
    and citizens stain their hands with the blood of
    their fellow citizens. Two unlucky children of
    these enemy families become lovers and commit
    suicide. Their unfortunate deaths put an end to
    their parents' feud. For the next two hours, we
    will watch the story of their doomed love and
    their parents' anger, which nothing but the
    children's deaths could stop. If you listen to us
    patiently, we'll make up for everything we've
    left out in this prologue onstage.
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