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Elementary Course in Using GIS in Geography Curriculum ??????????????????

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Title: Elementary Course in Using GIS in Geography Curriculum ??????????????????


1
Elementary Course in Using GIS in Geography
Curriculum??????????????????
  • Pui Ching Education Centre

2
Thank You for Your Co-operation
3
Course Objectives
  1. Introduce to teachers the basic concepts and
    techniques in using Geographic Information System
    (GIS)
  2. Equip teachers with the knowledge and skills in
    using GIS in learning and teaching of geography

4
Course Contents
  • Session 1 (3 hours)
  • 1. Introduction to GIS
  • Functions and Application of GIS to
  • Geography curriculum
  • 2. Map creation demonstration and practice
  • manipulation of map layers
  • adding data on maps, changing
  • symbols

5
  • Session 2 (3 hours)
  • 3. Creating a map with data manipulation
  • Choropleth maps
  • Map with chart or graphs
  • Creating buffer zone
  • Session 3 (3 hours)
  • 4. Geographic data provided in Hong Kong
  • Data conversion and correlating data
  • among layers
  • Consolidation of GIS skills

6
  • Session 4 (3 hours)
  • 5. Presentation of homework assignment
  • lesson plan using GIS for learning and
  • teaching geography
  • Comment and feedbacks by instructor
  • Q. A. on implementing GIS in
  • geography lessons
  • Summary and Conclusion

7
Geographic Information system
What is
8
  • A GIS is an organized collection of computer
    hardware, software, geographic data, and
    personnel designed to efficiently capture, store,
    update, manipulate, analyze, and display all
    forms of geographically referenced information.
  • Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1990

9
  • GIS is a computer system for capturing, storing,
    checking, integrating, manipulating, analyzing
    and displaying data related to positions on the
    Earths surface.
  • Stanford University

10
  • A GIS is an organized collection of computer
    hardware, software, geographic data, and
    personnel designed to efficiently capture, store,
    update, manipulate, analyze, and display all
    forms of geographically referenced information.
  • GIS is a computer system for capturing, storing,
    checking, integrating, manipulating, analyzing
    and displaying data related to positions on the
    Earths surface.
  • More definitions of GIS
  • Google / Yahoo search engines
  • ( see handout p.2 )

11
GIS has 5 integrated components
  • 1. People computer staff, GIS experts
  • 2. Data spatial, temporal or attribute
  • 3. Engines for data storage, retrieval,
  • analysis, reporting and
  • communication
  • 4. Interfaces e.g. Microsoft Windows
  • 5. Hardware workstations, networks,
  • disk storage, digitizers

12
GIS Geographic Information Systems
  • GEOGRAPHIC tells us where things are
  • (location)
  • INFORMATION tells us what these things are
  • (what details at this location)
  • SYSTEMS are computers, software, data and people
    using the system to analyze and combine
    geographic information to create geographic models

13
Thematic overlays (GIS model)
GIS is a stacked set of (thematic) map layers (
see handout p. 7 )
14
Hardware and Software of GIS
  • GIS hardware
  • computers
  • data storage - disks, tapes
  • data input paper maps , aerial photos,
  • GPS (Global Positioning
  • System) coordinated
  • data, satellite images
  • data output printers, plotters

15
Major GIS software packages
  • Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)
    1969, makers of ArcGIS (serving 300,000
    organizations worldwide)
  • MapInfo Corporation, founded in 1986, makers of
    MapInfo
  • Clark Labs, founded in 1987, makers of Idrisi
  • Golden Software Inc., founded 1983, makers of
    Surfer, Grapher, Didger
  • and others
  • ( Config. setup handout p. 5 )

16
Why GIS matter ?
  • During the past three decades, a powerful
    technology has quietly changed the way people
    view and live in the neighborhoods, towns and
    cities GIS available to be used by people to
    solve real problems.
  • Jack Dangermond (ESRI
    founder/chairman)

17
Geography Matters To You Every Day
  • GIS touches all Our Lives, Every Day, beginning
    at 600 a.m.
  • http//esri.com/company/gis_touches/everyday.html

18
General Applications of GIS
  • Urban planning
  • Public safety
  • Natural resource management
  • Environmental analysis
  • Utilities management
  • Hazards management
  • Emergency planning
  • Transportation forecasting
  • Government / municipalities (landuse)
  • .

19
Implementing GIS into school curriculum may
encourage students to examine data and their
inter-relationships from a variety of fields /
inter-disciplinesemphasize the value of
spatial thinking in geography gtgt THINK
SPATIALLY(spatial patterns spatial
interaction spatial association spatial
analysis)
20
  • How can we get GIS into the
  • geography curriculum?
  • ?How can GIS help meet geography
  • curricular goals?
  • IT should be used only where it really adds
    value to the learning of geography.... Avoid
    using IT simply for the sake of using IT.

  • HKCDC

21
Examples of GIS in Education
  1. 3D analysis of a watershed
  2. Examining Pacific Ring of Fire
  3. Determining of ecological relationship of a local
    pond
  4. Studying impact of local rivers
  5. Analyzing tree species
  6. Examining history of mining
  7. Managing park resources

22
How does GIS apply to the learning and teaching
of geography?
  • GIS provides techniques and opportunities to
    further students geographical learning by
  • Overcoming mechanical aspects of mapping
  • Improving students visualization of landscape
    through overlays on maps or 3D imagery

23
  • Enabling access to up-to-date locational data on
    the internet
  • Enabling students to work with cartography by
    choosing colours, graphical techniques to present
    data on maps
  • Allowing more time to achieve higher level
    thinking, manipulate digital maps, display and
    interpret spatial patterns and relationships

24
Some impediments to the introduction of GIS into
schools
  • Low levels of computer literacy
  • Poor knowledge of GIS potentials
  • Scarcity of curriculum materials
  • Fears of technology
  • Cost of purchasing hard/software,
  • in-service training and time

25
Mapping of GIS application of New Senior
Secondary Geography Curriculum(see handout p.6
)
26
A GIS Journey ???????? ?? the WOW of GIS
gtgtgt Geography is FUN
  • http//video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/s
    cience/technology-sci/gis_journey.html

27
Demonstration of using GIS software
  • gtgt learning basic tools of ArcMap
  • gtgt practical exercise on manipulating
  • GIS layer data and creating
  • charts
  • gtgt case study 2 ( handout p. 19 )
  • Pearl River region and its
  • industries

28
Practical exercise to be done by teacher
participants
  • 1. Complete the climatic graphs of
  • a. San Francisco (California)
  • b. Miami (Florida)
  • c. New York C P (New York)
  • 2. Browse selected websites of GIS

29
  • Please complete Evaluation form
  • in iClassroom
  • and see YOU next week
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