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CREATIVE THINKING

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Title: CREATIVE THINKING


1
CREATIVE THINKING
  • Between Critical Thinking and Creative
    Thinking

2
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3
Thinking out of the box
4
EXERCISE
5
GUNAKAN JALUR KANAN UNTUK MENDAHULUI
6
Penerbangan Gila!
7
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11
OTAK KIRI DAN KANAN
OTAK KIRI / LEFT OTAK KANAN / RIGHT
Analitis, kalkulasi, perincian Intuitif, kreatif, ekstensif
Linear dan konvergen Lateral dan Divergen
Konvensional Kontroversial
Normal ( waras) Abnormal (gila) To bad can be good Andy Groove Only paranoid can survive.
No Dare to Fail Dare to fail!
Good Great
Satisfy Kaizen (continuous improvement)
12
Left Brain Right Brain
Human Information Processing -- HIPS
13
PERBEDAAN ANTARA OTAK KIRI DAN OTAK KANAN
OTAK KIRI OTAK KANAN
INTELEKTUAL LOGIS KATA DEDUKTIF TETAP STATIS HAPALAN FAKTA SEMPIT DANGKAL PASIF JAWABAN REAKTIF SERIUS BIMBINGAN KETAKUTAN EMOSIONAL INTUITIF GAMBAR INDUKTIF SEMENTARA DINAMIS PEMAHAMAN GAGASAN LUAS DALAM AKTIF PERTANYAAN AKTIF PENASARAN INISATIF KEPERCAYAAN
OTAK KIRI OTAK KANAN
PEKERJAAN JANGKA PENDEK KAKU PERATURAN TESIS TERTUTUP STABILITAS AKAL SEHAT RAMALAN KAKU TAKTIK BENTUK DOGMA MANAGER KEHIDUPAN JANGKA PANJANG FLEKSIBEL RISIKO SINTESIS TERBUKA PERUBAHAN IMAJINASI EKSPLORASI SPONTAN STRATEGI ISI PENEMUAN LEADER
14
What is creative thinking or creative problem
solving?
15
  • The creative person uses information to form new
    ideas.
  • The real key to creative problem solving is what
    you do with the knowledge.
  • Creative problem solving requires an attitude
    that allows you to search for new ideas and use
    your knowledge and experience.
  • Change perspective and use knowledge to make the
    ordinary extraordinary and the usual commonplace.

16
DEFINITION
  • Creative problem solving is -

17
DEFINITION
Creative problem solving is - looking at the
same thing as everyone else and thinking
something different.
Adapted from a famous quote from a former Nobel
prize winner, Albert Szent-Gyorgi.
18
LETS TALK ABOUT
  • Why dont we think creatively more often?
  • What are the barriers that get in our way?

19
GUILFORD JP (March 7, 1897 November 26, 1987
  • Membuat studi psikometrik tentang intelektualitas
    dan kreativitas
  • Ia menekankan pemikiran DIVERGEN
  • fluency (the ability to produce great number of
    ideas or problem solutions in a short period of
    time)
  • flexibility (the ability to simultaneously
    propose a variety of approaches to a specific
    problem)
  • originality (the ability to produce new, original
    ideas)
  • elaboration (the ability to systematize and
    organize the details of an idea in a head and
    carry it out).

20
Untuk menghadapi dunia dewasa ini, kita lebih
membutuhkan seorang yang kreatif daripada seorang
pintar (Guilford)
21
PENSAMIENTO LINEAL KONVERGEN PEMIKIRAN LATERAL DIVERGEN
22
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23
PEMIKIRAN LINEAL PEMIKIRAN LATERAL
Bergerak bila ada satu petunjuk / arah Bergerak untuk menciptakan banyak arah
Bertolak dari sekuens (urutan) ide-ide Bisa ada lompatan
Setiap langkah harus benar dan tepat Tidak secara tepat
Menggunakan negasi untuk memblokade hal lain Tidak menolak jalan apa pun
24
PEMIKIRAN LINEAL PEMIKIRAN LATERAL
Yang tidak ada kaitannya dengan tema dibuang Diperhatikan semua termasuk hal yang tidak berkaitan dengan tema
Kategori, klaisifikasi, etiket adalah wajib Tidak demikian
Mengikuti jalan yang jelas Mengikuti jalan yang kurang jelas
Sebuah proses yang berakhir Proses tanpa akhir
25
Ciri orang Kreatif
  • Rasa ingin tahu
  • Mengambil risiko.
  • Kompleksitas atau suka akan kesulitan.
  • Imajinasi penggunaan semua indra untuk
    menghasilkan ide, gambaran, penyelesaian yang
    tidak biasa soluciones

26
Sumber Kreativitas
  • Ketidaktahuan
  • Pengalaman
  • Motivasi
  • Penilaian yang tepat
  • Style (cara)
  • Kecelakaan, kesalahan, kegilaan.
  • Pembebasan

27
Kreativitas membutuhkan
  • Kelancaran menghasilkan ide
  • Originalitas ide baru dan berbeda
  • Fleksibel Bisa dikombinasi bila tidak berfungsi
  • Elaborasi mengorganisir, mengelaborasi, dan
    memperkaya

28
CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
STEP 1. State what appears to be the
problem. The real problem may not surface until
facts have been gathered and analyzed.
Therefore, start with what you assume to be the
problem, that can later be confirmed or
corrected.
29
CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
  • STEP 2. Gather facts, feelings and opinions.
  • What happened?
  • Where, when and how did it occur?
  • What is its size, scope, and severity?
  • Who and what is affected?
  • Likely to happen again?
  • Need to be corrected?
  • May need to assign priorities to critical
    elements.

30
CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
  • STEP 3. Restate the problem.
  • The real facts help make this possible, and
    provide supporting data.
  • The actual problem may, or may not be the same
    as stated in Step 1.

31
CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
STEP 4. Identify alternative solutions. Generat
e ideas. Do not eliminate any possible solutions
until several have been discussed.
32
CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
  • STEP 5. Evaluate alternatives.
  • Which will provide the optimum solution?
  • What are the risks?
  • Are costs in keeping with the benefits?
  • Will the solution create new problems?

33
CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
  • STEP 6. Implement the decision!
  • Who must be involved?
  • To what extent?
  • How, when and where?
  • Who will the decision impact?
  • What might go wrong?
  • How will the results be reported and verified?

34
CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS
  • STEP 7. Evaluate the results.
  • Test the solution against the desired results.
  • Make revisions if necessary.

35
10 Questions To Encourage Ideas
  • What if?
  • How can we improve?
  • How will the Optimist Member and/or the community
    benefit?
  • Are we forgetting anything?
  • Whats the next step?

36
10 Questions To Encourage Ideas
  • What can we do better?
  • What do you think about?
  • What should we add?
  • What should we eliminate?
  • What other ideas do you have...?

37
BARRIERS THAT GET IN OUR WAY
  • Time
  • Why change?
  • Usually dont need to be creative
  • Habit
  • Routine
  • Havent been taught to be creative

What are some other barriers that get in our way?
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