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The Punic Wars

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The Punic Wars The Spread of Roman Boundaries and Culture : The Punic Wars Ancient Rome Unit The Punic Wars Roman Republic threatened by Carthage. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Punic Wars


1
The Punic Wars
2
The Spread of Roman Boundaries and Culture The
Punic Wars
  • Ancient Rome Unit

3
The Punic Wars
  • Roman Republic threatened by Carthage.
  • Carthage wanted to conquer Sicily.
  • Rome fights for Sicily as well as the empire
    Carthage had built across North Africa.
  • Wanted it for territory and trade markets
  • 1st of 3 wars against Carthage, known as Punic
    Wars 264-146 BC.

4
Bottom line motivations for war
  • Carthage
  • Money
  • Carthage is more like a business than an empire.
  • Carthage Inc.
  • Rome was threatened that Carthage was too close.
  • They needed to keep their empire together.
  • They could not be embarrassed by the
    Carthaginians.

5
1st Punic War
  • 264 241 BC
  • Romans wanted to protect Sicily and expand trade
    markets.
  • Rome develops 1st Navy for this war.
  • Rome defeats Carthage and wins control of Sicily
    and Sardinia.

6
Technology that helped the Romans win
  • Romans developed technology that played to their
    strengths.

Corvus
http//www.bible-history.com/rome/corvus.gif
7
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8
2nd Punic War
  • 218 202 BC
  • Carthage wants revenge from 1st war.
  • Hannibal - General from Spain (Carthage colony)
    creates army, leads attack
  • He uses ELEPHANTS and cuts through the Alps!!
  • Hannibal wins almost all battles, but fails to
    conquer city of Rome. (basically roams the
    Italian countryside, CANNOT turn public opinion
    of Italian countryside.)

9
Scipio A Worthy Opponent
  • Scipio is a student of Hannibal and is the first
    that can fight him head on.
  • He gambles and decides to attack Carthage,
    forcing Hannibal to return to defend his
    homeland.
  • Scipio and Hannibal meet at the Battle of Zama.
  • Romans win Carthage must give up all territories
    except those in North Africa
  • Carthage will face severe military limitations.

http//www.ancientworlds.net/aworlds_media/ibase_1
/00/05/43/00054371_000.gif
10
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11
3rd Punic War
  • 149 146 BC
  • Carthage is no longer a threat but Romans decide
    they need to destroy it.
  • Rome attacks Carthage and completely destroys it.
  • Legend says, Romans poured salt over ground so
    nothing would ever grow in Carthage again.

12
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13
After the Punic Wars
  • Next 100 years, Rome dominates Mediterranean area
    and spreads culture.
  • If had Carthage won, their culture would have
    spread across the region.
  • Finally, Romans expand trade and wealth because
    of victories over Carthage.

14
Rome as an Imperial Power
  • Imperialism domination over foreign lands and
    people
  • Rome expands by taking Greece, Macedonia, and
    parts of Asia.
  • Egypt becomes an alliance.
  • Romans have now transformed into an Empire this
    challenges the Republic form of government

15
Impact on People of Rome
  • After Punic Wars, wealthy bought great amounts of
    land and made them big estates called Latifunda.
  • Began farming as a business forced slaves and
    prisoners to work land
  • Poor farmers fall into debt because cant compete
    with Latifunda forced to sell land.

16
The Unemployed
  • Farmers who lost land often went looking for jobs
    in city of Rome.
  • Never enough jobs
  • This poor unemployed class becomes known as
    Proletariat.
  • These people will become homeless, frustrated,
    and rebellious.

17
Poor vs. Rich
  • Gap in wealth deeply divides the people.
  • Corruption in government also grows.
  • Bring on the Gracchi!!!
  • Gracchi brothers Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
    Tribunes
  • Both sought reforms, however both were murdered.

18
Rebellion in Rome
  • Spartacus - Slave who led revolt in 73 BC against
    Rome.
  • Revolt crushed in 2 years Spartacus was
    crucified
  • Generals continued to fight each other for
    control until civil war eventually forced
    Republic to become Roman Empire.
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