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Native Americans


Native Americans Kwakiutls Where did the Kwakiutl Live? Pacific North West They lived along the Pacific coast in California The climate was rainy and mild. The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Native Americans

Native Americans
  • SS4H1 The students will describe how early
    native American cultures developed in North

Native Americans
SS4H1 The student will describe how early
Native American cultures developed in North
America. a. Locate where Native Americans
settled with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit),
Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce),
Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeast
(Seminole). b. Describe how Native Americans
used their environment to obtain food, clothing,
and shelter. SS4G2 The student will describe
how physical systems affect human systems. a.
Explain why each of the Native American groups
(SS4H1a) occupied the areas they did, with
emphasis on why some developed permanent villages
and others did not.
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Where did the Kwakiutl Live?
  • Pacific North West
  • They lived along the Pacific coast in California
  • The climate was rainy and mild. The land was
    covered with forests and lakes so wildlife and
    food were abundant. Like the Inuit the Kwakiutl
    did not farm.
  • Unlike the Inuit they had lots of food available.
    The area they inhabited was very rich in natural
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How did the Kwakiutl Survive?
  • The Kwakiutl Indians were fishing people.
    Kwakiutl men caught fish such as salmon and sea
    mammals from their canoes. They also hunted deer,
    birds, and small game.
  • Kwakiutl women gathered clams and shellfish,
    seaweed, berries, and roots.
  • The resources in this region were plentiful. The
    Kwakiutl had much leisure time as a result.

What were the Kwakiutl homes like?
  • The Kwakiutls lived in coastal villages of
    rectangular cedar-plank houses with bark roofs.
    Usually these houses were large (up to 100 feet
    long) and each one housed several families from
    the same clan (as many as 50 people.)
  • Here are some pictures of American Indian houses
    like the ones Kwakiutl Indians used.

Kwakiutl Plank Houses
What type of transportation did the Kwakiutl use?
  • The Kwakiutl Indian tribe made large dugout
    canoes by hollowing out cedar logs. The Kwakiutl
    tribe used these canoes to travel up and down the
    sea coast for trading, fishing and hunting, and
  • Their war canoes were more than sixty feet long
    and could withstand ocean storms.
  • These canoes were bought from the Haida tribe,
    who had access to the best cedar trees and were
    considered the best canoe-makers by the other
    Northwest Coast tribes.

What type of transportation did the Kwakiutl use?
What type of tools did the Kwakiutl use?
  • Kwakiutl fishermen used harpoons, nets, and
    wooden fish traps. Hunters used bows and arrows.
  • In war, Kwakiutl men fired their bows or fought
    with spears and war clubs. Some Kwakiutl warriors
    wore bulky armor made of wooden rods lashed
    together to protect themselves from enemy

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What was Kwakiutl art like?
  • Kwakiutl artists are known for their fine
    basketry and woodcarving arts, including wooden
    masks and totem carvings.
  • Dance mask pictures

What are Totem Poles?
  • Totem poles celebrated legends, events, or simply
    the wealth crest of the family for whom it was
  • The poles were neither worshipped nor had any
    religious significance.
  • They are records of a past culture that had no
    written language.

Who made them?
  • The Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest
    Coast created carved images of spirits,
    mythological animals, and mythological people. 
  • These carved images were called totems.

How were Totem poles made?
  • These totems were also made into poles, which
    used various different carved totems to tell a
    myth or to show the history of a particular
    clan.  The wood used to make these poles was very
    important.  The totem poles needed to be made
    from either the sacred red or yellow cedar.

What did they look like?
What did they mean?
  • Bat Transition
  • Dog Companionship
  • Elephant Strength
  • Horse Stability
  • Mouse Innocence
  • Lion Strength
  • Owl Wisdom
  • Rabbit Faith
  • Serpent Health
  • Wolf Protection
  •      Each clan had a totem that was used as a
    crest, which was like a symbolic family tree. 
    This totem crest decorated the homes of the
    family members.  Some of the major clans had
    raven, eagle, bear, and wolf totem crests, but
    there were also many other clans with lots of
    different animals for crests.     

What was a Potlatch?
  • Within the tribal groups of the Pacific
    Northwest, individuals hosting a potlatch give
    away most, if not all, of their wealth and
    material goods to show goodwill to the rest of
    the tribal members and to maintain their social
  • Gifts often included blankets, pelts, furs,
    weapons. Gifts were given by the person or people
    giving the potlatch. Not the people coming to the
  • Food was shared for everyone over many days
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Thinking Question.
Based on how the Kwakiutl survived and lived
  • Do you think the Kwakiutl had permanent villages
    or did they have to move to find food?