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About the Presentations

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... Windows Photo Gallery Windows SideShow Windows Defender * MCTS Guide to Microsoft ... Windows Server 2008 Available for both 32-bit and 64-bit hardware ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: About the Presentations


1
About the Presentations
  • The presentations cover the objectives found in
    the opening of each chapter.
  • All chapter objectives are listed in the
    beginning of each presentation.
  • You may customize the presentations to fit your
    class needs.
  • Some figures from the chapters are included. A
    complete set of images from the book can be found
    on the Instructor Resources disc.

2
MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008
Network Infrastructure Configuration
  • Chapter 1
  • Introduction to Windows Server 2008

3
Objectives
  • Discuss clients, servers, and Windows network
    models
  • Differentiate among the editions of Windows
    Server 2008
  • Identify Windows Server 2008 hardware requirements

4
Objectives (continued)
  • Discuss the new Windows Server 2008 technologies
  • Describe the new roles and features in Windows
    Server 2008
  • Navigate the Windows Server 2008 interface

5
Clients, Servers, and Windows Network Models
  • Workgroup
  • Network of computers that allow each other access
    to their files, printers, or Internet connection
  • By default, all Windows Server 2008 computers are
    placed in a workgroup named WORKGROUP
  • Membership status
  • Either a single workgroup or a domain

6
Domain Model with Active Directory
  • Domain
  • Group of users and computers managed by the same
    security database
  • Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)
  • Technology that runs the domain security database
  • Domain controllers (DCs)
  • Servers that hosts domain security database
  • Domain Name System (DNS)
  • TCP/IP-based standard for resolving computer
    names with IP addresses

7
Domain Model with Active Directory (continued)
  • Group Policy
  • A way to set up specific configurations for users
    and computers within an Active Directory domain
  • Forest
  • A network of domains related to each other by
    relationships known as trusts
  • Transitive trusts
  • Trusts between Active Directory domains in a tree
    are created automatically when you create domains

8
Windows Server 2008 Editions
  • General editions of Windows Server 2008
  • Enterprise, Datacenter, and Standard
  • Editions designed for special-purpose server
    applications
  • Web Server and HPC Server

9
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10
Windows Server 2008, Standard Edition
  • Designed for smaller environments and
    single-purpose installations
  • Works as a single domain server for a small
    business or
  • A single file/application server in larger
    environments

11
Windows Server 2008, Enterprise Edition
  • Features not available with SE
  • Significant increase in maximum allowable memory
  • Active Directory Federation Services (discussed
    later in this chapter)
  • Failover clustering
  • Installation of up to four virtual machines on
    each physical host
  • Hot-add memory

12
Windows Server 2008, Datacenter Edition
  • Additional features
  • Ability to run up to 32 processors
  • Ability to hot-add and replace processors
  • Installation of unlimited virtual machines on
    each physical host

13
Windows Web Server 2008
  • Server roles not available
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
  • DNS, file server
  • Does not require client access licenses (CAL) for
    users

14
Windows HPC Server 2008
  • Designed for high-performance computing (HPC)
    applications
  • Accommodates up to thousands of processing cores
    because it is built on the Server 2008 64-bit
    architecture model

15
Windows Server 2008, Without Hyper-V
  • Hyper-V
  • Consolidates multiple server roles as separate
    virtual machines running on a single physical
    machine
  • Lets you efficiently run different operating
    systems in parallel on a single server

16
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter editions
  • Available for servers using Intel Itanium
    Processors
  • Itanium processors
  • Use a different architecture from other 32-bit
    and 64-bit processors

17
Windows Server 2008 Hardware Requirements
  • Microsoft provides minimum and recommended
    hardware requirements for installing its
    operating systems
  • Minimum requirements
  • Let you install and run a system using minimal
    resources and services

18
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19
32-Bit and 64-Bit Processors
  • 64-bit architectures
  • Have greater theoretical limit for processing
    data
  • Can handle twice the amount of data of a
    comparable 32-bit product

20
New Technologies in Windows Server 2008
  • This section introduces the following
    technologies and enhancements
  • Improved installation process
  • Hyper-V
  • Server Core
  • TCP/IP improvements
  • Network Access Protection
  • Server Manager
  • Windows Remote Management
  • PowerShell
  • Group Policy preferences

21
New Technologies in Windows Server 2008
(continued)
  • Activity 1-1 Installing Windows Server 2008,
    Enterprise Edition
  • Time Required 30 to 60 minutes (depending on
    hardware configuration of lab environment)
  • Objective Install a working version of Windows
    Server 2008

22
Improved Installation Process
  • Requires minimal user input
  • You no longer have to wait for the installation
    program to ask for information
  • Networking information, regional settings, and
    other settings

23
Improved Installation Process (continued)
  • Activity 1-2 Completing Initial Configuration
    Tasks
  • Time Required 20 minutes
  • Objective Perform system configuration tasks
    after installation of Windows Server 2008

24
Hyper-V
  • Virtualization
  • Allows you to run one or more separate instances
    of an OS within a single host OS
  • Allows organizations to consolidate these
    physical systems onto high-powered servers

25
Server Core
  • A stripped-down installation of Windows Server
    2008 with a set of available roles and services
    more limited than in the Full version
  • Attack surface
  • Areas of the system that could expose it to
    security breaches
  • Can be installed on Standard, Enterprise, and
    Datacenter editions of Windows Server 2008
  • But only during initial installation of the
    operating system

26
Network Access Protection
  • Helps to protect networks, both public and
    private, from malware such as viruses and spyware
  • Threat sources
  • Employees accessing the Internet from work and
    inadvertently install Trojan horses
  • Remote access to connections from external
    networks that create a gateway for viruses
  • Guest computers accessing an internal network
    that introduce malware to the network

27
TCP/IP Improvements
  • Next-Generation TCP/IP stack
  • New implementation of the TCP/IP protocol stack
  • Contains full support for IPv4 and IPv6
  • Teredo
  • IPv6 technology that can encapsulate IPv6 packets
    as IPv4 packets to allow them to traverse IPv4
    networks
  • Receive Window Auto-tuning
  • Optimizes the size of data packets a server can
    accept

28
Server Manager
  • Centralizes commands to configuration tools
  • Allows you to easily manage your server and
    network

29
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30
Server Manager (continued)
  • Activity 1-3 Exploring Server Manager
  • Time Required 10 minutes
  • Objective Review the features of Server Manager

31
PowerShell
  • Now becoming the de facto CLI and scripting
    language for Microsoft products
  • Allows you to string together commands, passing
    the result of one command into the next, in a
    process known as pipelining
  • Passes results as .NET objects

32
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33
Windows Remote Management
  • Lets administrators manage servers remotely by
    running management scripts and managing data on
    remote machines
  • WS-Management protocol
  • Public standard for exchanging management data
    remotely by any device implementing the protocol

34
Group Policy Preferences
  • New feature of the Group Policy Management
    Console (GPMC)
  • Applied but not enforced
  • Helps to implement Group Policies within your
    Active Directory environments

35
New Roles and Features in Windows Server 2008
  • Role
  • Major function or service that a server performs
  • File Services role
  • Allows the server to share files on a network

36
New Roles in Server 2008
  • Server role
  • Defines the specific task that a server is
    responsible for performing
  • Roles can be organized into three groups
  • Active Directory
  • Infrastructure
  • Network roles

37
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38
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39
Active Directory Roles
  • Windows Server 2008 includes five Active
    Directory roles
  • Active Directory Certificate Services
  • Active Directory Domain Services
  • Active Directory Federation Services
  • Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
  • Active Directory Rights Management Services

40
Network Roles
  • DHCP
  • Network standard protocol used to dynamically
    allocate and track IP addresses for clients on a
    network
  • DNS
  • Main goal is to match a domain name to an IP
    address based on a client query for information

41
Network Roles (continued)
  • Network Policy and Access Services (NPAS)
  • Allows you to implement
  • Network Policy Server
  • Routing and Remote Access Service
  • Health Registration Authority
  • Host Credential Authorization Protocol

42
Infrastructure Roles
  • Active Directory roles that can be installed in
    Server 2008
  • Terminal Services
  • Fax Services
  • Print Services
  • File Services
  • Hyper-V
  • UDDI Services
  • Web Server (IIS 7)
  • Windows Deployment Services

43
Infrastructure Roles (continued)
  • Activity 1-4 Exploring the Available Roles in
    Server Manager
  • Time Required 15 minutes
  • Objective Identify the roles that can be
    installed in Server Manager using the Add Roles
    Wizard

44
New Features
  • Feature
  • Similar to a job responsibility performed by a
    specific role
  • Features available in Server 2008
  • .NET 3.0 Framework
  • Windows Desktop Experience
  • Network Load Balancing
  • Group Policy Management
  • Remote Server Administration Tools
  • Windows PowerShell
  • Windows Server Backup Features

45
Roles and Features Management
  • Server Manager console and Server Manager
    command-line utility
  • Used to manage roles and features
  • Major areas of information within Server Manager
  • Server Summary
  • Roles
  • Features
  • Diagnostics
  • Configuration
  • Storage

46
Roles and Features Management (continued)
  • Activity 1-5 Adding the File Services Role and
    Windows Server Backup Feature
  • Time Required 15 minutes
  • Objective Install the File Services role and the
    Windows Server Backup feature using Server Manager

47
Server Manager Command
  • A new CLI-based management tool that allows you
    to effectively
  • Install, configure, and remove roles and features
    in Server 2008

48
Server Manager Command (continued)
  • Activity 1-6 Adding the Print Services Role and
    PowerShell Feature using Server Manager Command
  • Time Required 15 minutes
  • Objective Install the Print Services role and
    the PowerShell feature using Server Manager
    Command

49
Windows Server 2008 User Interface
  • New or improved features in Windows Server 2008
  • Start menu
  • Network and Sharing Center
  • Help and Support
  • Windows Desktop Experience

50
Start Menu
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Incorporates the redesigned Start menu into its
    UI
  • Most efficient way to use the Windows Server 2008
    Start menu
  • Use the Start Search text box

51
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52
Start Menu (continued)
  • Activity 1-7 Using the Start Menu and Start
    Search Text Box
  • Time Required 15 minutes
  • Objective Use the Start Search text box to find
    and open a program

53
Network and Sharing Center
  • Provides a central location for administering
    many network tasks in Windows Server 2008,
    including
  • Network connections
  • Sharing settings
  • Network discovery options

54
(No Transcript)
55
Windows Desktop Experience
  • Applications
  • Windows Mail
  • Windows Media Player
  • Windows Aero and other desktop themes
  • Video for Windows (AVI support)
  • Windows Photo Gallery
  • Windows SideShow
  • Windows Defender

56
Summary
  • Most modern networks are based on client-server
    computing
  • Windows Server 2008 offers three general editions
    and two special-purpose editions
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Web Server 2008
  • Windows HPC Server 2008

57
Summary (continued)
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Available for both 32-bit and 64-bit hardware
    architectures
  • New technologies in Windows Server 2008
  • Focus on improving the performance,
    manageability, and security of networks
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Lets you organize server services into roles and
    features

58
Summary (continued)
  • Server Manager
  • Provides administrators with a GUI console for
    managing roles and features
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Has a look and feel similar to Windows Vista
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