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NextGen Technologies

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NextGen Technologies Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) 135 Air Operators George Holtman, Principal Avionics Inspector Thursday August 22, 2013 * Application package ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NextGen Technologies


1
NextGen Technologies
  • Electronic Flight Bag (EFB)

135 Air Operators
George Holtman, Principal Avionics Inspector
Thursday August 22, 2013
2
Overview
  • Hardware and Software
  • Guidance Materials
  • Authorization Process

3
Class 1 EFB
  • Portable COTS-based computers
  • Not attached or connected to an aircraft mount
  • May be attached to pilots leg (kneeboard)
  • Considered Portable Electronic Devices (PEDs)
  • Must be stowed during critical phases of flight
  • May not be subject to an administrative control
    process for aircraft equipment

4
Class 2 EFB
  • Portable COTS-based computers is considered PEDs
  • Tools must not be required to remove EFB
  • Must be connected or attached to an aircraft
    mount
  • May only use aircraft power, have data
    connectivity, and use installed antennas
  • May be authorized to transmit non-essential
    AAC-type data
  • May be authorized for use for all phases of
    flight and ground ops
  • May require RF/Decompression/Altitude testing
  • Consist of devices/modules located on the flight
    deck that are accessible by the flightcrew
  • Must be subject to an administrative control
    process for aircraft equipment

5
Class 2 EFB Aircraft Display
6
EFB Securing Solutions
7
Yoke-Mounted
  • Yoke-Mounted EFBs must be certificated by a
    design approval by AIR under TC, amended TC, or
    STC
  • All structural and dynamic, as well as wiring
    protection and security requirements affecting
    the flight controls, (including autopilot (AP),
    stall warning, stick pusher, crashworthiness,
    human factors, etc.), must be addressed prior to
    installation

8
Class 3 EFB
  • Portable modules/components must still fulfill
    intended function to qualify as EFB Class 2 PED
  • If any of the functional EFB system hardware
    (CPU/Display/Interface) is certified, then EFB
    system is considered Class 3 regardless of OS

9
EFB Classes and Authorized Uses
Portable Equipment
Installed Equipment
  • Class 1
  • Portable device
  • RD for Type B
  • Secured during critical phases of flight
  • No TCd A/C data, power, or mount for use
  • Limited by AC 120-76B
  • Class 2
  • Portable device
  • Crashworthy-mounted
  • EMI/Rapid Decomp/Alt testing required
  • All phases of flight
  • Ships power
  • Read only airplane data
  • Video interface
  • Limited by AC 120-76B
  • Class 3
  • Installed by TC
  • Ships power
  • All flight phases
  • Datalink
  • Interactive Apps
  • Video interface
  • Increased Functionality

Certified Type C Applications
Type A B Applications
Authorization for Use
10
Type A Applications
  • May be hosted on any class of hardware
  • Must be evaluated and found suitable for intended
    function
  • Do not require an AIR design approval
  • Only for use during non-critical phases of flight
    when pilot workload is reduced
  • Examples of Type A software applications are
    provided in AC 120-76 B, Appendix 1

11
Type B Applications
  • May be hosted on any class of hardware
  • Must be evaluated and suitable for intended
    function
  • Do not require an AIR design approval
  • May require AEG evaluation
  • May be used during all phases of flight
  • Examples of Type B software applications are
    provided in AC 120-76 B, Appendix 2

12
Type C Applications
  • Any certified software applications with AIR
    design approval
  • Includes AIR approved software for Weight and
    Balance (WB) and/or aircraft performance
  • Includes any software application that displays
    Own Ship Position

13
Where We Are in the Presentation
  • Hardware and Software
  • Guidance Materials
  • Authorization Process

?
?
14
Pertinent EFB Guidance History
FAA AC 120-76B (6/1/12) FAA AC 91-21.1B
(08/25/06) FAA AC 20-159 (04/30/07) FAA AC 91-78
(7/20/07) A061 OpSpecs Guidance (03/14/11) FAA
Order 8900.1 EFB Guidance (04/23/13)
Guidelines For The Certification, Airworthiness,
and Operational Approval of EFB Computing Devices

Use of Portable Electronic Devices Aboard
Aircraft (Used in conjunction with 8900.1 for
authorizing use of EFB)
Obtaining Design And Production Approval Of
Airport Moving Map Display (AMMD) Applications
Intended For Electronic Flight Bag Systems
Use of Class 1 or Class 2 Electronic Flight Bag
(EFB) Part 91 guidance
Clarified AEG and POI role
Inspector Handbook Volume 4 / Chapter 15 /
Section 1 EFB Operational Authorization Process
15
Advisory Circular 20-159
AMM (Airport Moving Map) with own-ship position
for Class 2 3 EFB Systems
16
Moving Maps with Own-Ship Position
  • Technical Standard Order (TSO)-C165, Electronic
    Map Display Equipment for Graphical Depiction of
    Aircraft Position, published October, 2003
  • EFB Class 2 Systems are limited to display of
    Own-ship for surface operations provided
    manufacturers comply with AC 20-159

17
FAA Order 8900.1 Volume 3
  • FAA evaluation process for an EFB follows the
    same general process for approval and acceptance
    as described in FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 3,
    Chapter 1, Section 1

18
Basic EFB Requirements
  • The screen must be large enough to show an entire
    instrument approach procedure chart at once, with
    the equivalent degree of legibility and clarity
    as a paper chart
  • The display must also be demonstrated to be
    readable on the flight deck in direct sunlight

19
Basic EFB Requirements
  • GPS data may be used for map centering when en
    route charts are displayed
  • Map centering may be used as an en route chart
    feature only and may not be used when an approach
    chart is displayed
  • No own-ship position displayed on a Class 1 or
    Class 2 EFB in Flight

20
Rapid Decompression Testing
  • RD testing is required to determine an EFBs
    functional capability when Type B software
    applications are used in pressurized aircraft
    where no alternate procedures or paper backup are
    available
  • Uses RTCA/DO-160 Section 4.6.2 Decompression Test
  • Decompression testing may not be required for
    Class 1 or Class 2 EFBs used in an unpressurized
    aircraft

21
Altitude Testing
  • Class 1 or Class 2 EFBs may require availability
    up to the maximum operating altitude of the
    aircraft
  • Compliance to RTCA/DO-160 Section 4.6.1 Altitude
    Test to at least Category D1 or to the maximum
    operating altitude of the aircraft, whichever is
    lower

22
Electromagnetic Interference/Non-Interference
Testing
  • Class 1 or Class 2 EFB used in flight ops must
    have no adverse impact on other aircraft systems
    (non-interference)
  • If used during take-off and landing, Class 1 2
    EFBs must be tested for non-interference
  • Possible interference when portable EFBs are
    moved about in the cockpit should be addressed

23
EFB Data Connectivity
Type Capability
Class 1 No data connectivity
Class 2 May have data connectivity (wired or wireless) Use installed antennas Read data from aircraft systems May be authorized to transmit and receive non-essential AAC data Can be connected to non-essential data buses, file servers, printers, etc.
Class 3 May have data connectivity (wired or wireless) Use installed antennas Read data from aircraft systems Can be authorized to an essential data bus Can be authorized to a critical aircraft data bus Can transmit AOC data
24
Where We Are in the Presentation
  • Hardware and Software
  • Guidance Materials
  • Authorization Process

?
?
?
25
Authorization Process
  • FAA Order 8900.1
  • Volume 3, Chapter 1, Section 1 The general
    process for approval and acceptance
  • Volume 4, Chapter 15, Section 1 Electronic
    Flight Bag Authorization For Use
  • Phase 1 - Initiation
  • Phase 2 - Required Application Information
  • Phase 3 - POI Review
  • Phase 4 - Temporary Authorization to use an EFB
  • Phase 5 - Authorization to Use an EFB

26
Phase One Authorization Request
  • Begins when the operator requests authorization
    to use the EFB from the FAA
  • During this phase, the FAA and the operator reach
    a common understanding of the role of the FAA and
    what documents and actions the operator is
    responsible for during each phase of the
    authorization process

27
Phase Two Application Submission
  • Phase two begins when the operator submits a
    formal EFB plan to the POI for evaluation.
  • The plan is reviewed for completeness and the POI
    facilitates coordination with other inspectors
    and FAA offices, as necessary.

28
Phase Two Application Package
  • EFB hardware and application specifications
  • Complete provided Checklist (Figure 4-76 4-81,
    Evaluation Report Information Template)
  • EFB operator procedures/manual revisions
  • As a stand alone Standard Operating Procedures or
    Incorporated into the GOM
  • Identifies EFB Hardware Software / Maintenance
    Procedures / Operational Procedures / Appendices
    for user guides and forms
  • EFB cockpit procedures checklists
  • Validation of flight testing
  • A means of documenting anomalies or non-events
  • Log flight hours, marking time (6 months)

29
Phase Two continued
  • EFB Training Program
  • Incorporated into company training program
  • EFB Evaluation Report
  • Complete provided checklist (Figures 4-79 4-80)
  • Rapid Decompression Test Data

30
Phase Two continued
  • Completed non-interference test results
  • Previously CHDO accepted ground testing
    procedure.
  • Airworthiness documents for Class 2 equipment

31
Phase Three POI Review
  • POI must use the checklist found in Figure 4-78,
    to conduct a review of the application submitted
    by an operator
  • All PI specialties should coordinate the review
    of an operators EFB program

32
Phase Four Interim Authorization
  • An interim EFB authorization is granted to allow
    the user/operator to proceed with EFB validation
    testing. During this validation phase, the
    operator must maintain a paper backup of all
    electronic information.
  • Evaluation report is the end of phase 4 (8900
    fig. 4-82)

33
Phase Five Final Authorization
  • Authorization to Use an EFB. An operator subject
    to regulations under 14 CFR parts 91K, 121, 125
    (including part 125M), and 135 is granted
    authorization to use an EFB through OpSpecs A061
    only after acceptable completion of validation
    testing (see Volume 3, Chapter 18).
  • Use Fig. 4-82 EFB Line Evaluation Checklist

34
New Electronic Flight Bags
New Questions
  • iPad II
  • and Beyond

35
QuestionsComments
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