**Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – **Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 551e7b-YTYyY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

**Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800

Description:

**Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800 s. Temperance, public education, abolition, women s rights, 2nd Great Awakening – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:67
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 65
Provided by: Krister1
Learn more at: http://www.jkswanson.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: **Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800


1
Identify three of the significant reform
movements from the early 1800s.
  • Temperance, public education, abolition, womens
    rights, 2nd Great Awakening

2
Why did many Americans settle in Texas in the
early 1800s?
  • invited by Mexico, wanted chance to own land

3
Why did Santa Anna lay siege to the Alamo? What
happened as a result of fighting between Mexico
Texas?
  • settlers were refusing to follow Mexican Laws,
    Texas won its independence

4
What is Manifest Destiny?
  • The belief that the U.S. would someday control
    the land from coast to coast.

5
Who opposed the Mexican American War? Why?
  • Whigs and Abolitionists, opposed extension of
    slavery

6
What was the result of the Mexican American War?
  • The United States defeated Mexico and bought the
    land youre sitting on

7
What was the first time our government officially
compromised over slavery?
  • 3/5 Compromise

8
What was the result of giving Kansas and Nebraska
popular sovereignty over slavery?
  • Bleeding Kansas (fighting over slavery)

9
Why was the Dred Scott decision significant?
  • it maintained that slaves remained property
    regardless of the circumstances

10
What was John Brown hoping to do when he took
over the arsenal at Harpers Ferry?
  • arm slaves who would take part in a widespread
    revolt

11
Name two advantages the South had at the start of
the Civil War.
  • Better generals, defensive war, passion for their
    cause

12
Name three advantages the North had at the start
of the Civil War.
  • larger population, more industry, better
    transportation, more food production

13
What was the first actual fighting of the war?
  • SC firing on Ft. Sumter

14
What happened to the Southern industrial and
agricultural production facilities during the war?
  • They were almost totally wiped out

15
What was the official name of the Souths
government? Who was its President
  • CSA (Confederate States of America), Jefferson
    Davis

16
What was the bloodiest single day of fighting
during the Civil War?
  • Battle of Antietam

17
What was it about the style of fighting in the
Civil War that led to such huge numbers of
casualties?
  • you would lead large s of your men in an attempt
    to break lines of large s of the opposition
    (e.g. Picket's Charge)

18
What was the purpose of the Emancipation
Proclamation? What did it give the Union?
  • Free the slaves in rebellious states, moral cause
    for fighting the war

19
What two Union victories happened on July 4,
1863? Why were they important?
  • Gettysburg (turned Lee back from DC) and
    Vicksburg (control of the Mississippi)

20
What was Lincolns main point in the Gettysburg
Address?
  • no nation had ever been founded on the idea of
    the equality of all men, and this was a cause
    well worth fighting for

21
Who marched through the South in 1864-1865 with
the goal of forcing them to surrender? How?
  • Sherman, waging total war

22
What was Lincolns philosophy on
reconstruction? Why was he unable to implement
it?
  • Heal the wounds (malice toward none), he was
    assassinated 6 days after the war ended

23
What did the 13th Amendment do?
  • Made slavery illegal

24
What President did the Radical Republicans have a
major problem during Reconstruction? Why?
  • Andrew Johnson, he appeared to be sympathetic to
    the South

25
Why did the Radical Republicans push for the 14th
Amendment?
  • Southern States were passing Black Codes

26
What was a carpetbagger? A scalawag?
  • a northerner who came south to help with
    reconstruction, a southerner that sympathized
    with the north

27
Name 2 things that kept freedmen from gaining
true equality during reconstruction.
  • sharecropping, KKK, black codes, racist attitudes

28
How did sharecropping keep many freedmen in the
same basic conditions as slavery?
  • Put them in debt to landowners, locked to the
    land living in poverty

29
Name 2 ways Southern states kept freedmen from
voting.
  • poll taxes, literacy tests, threats violence

30
Why did Congress impeach Johnson? What was the
verdict in his trial?
  • fired Stanton in violation of the Tenure of
    Office Act, not guilty

31
Which amendment guaranteed freedmen the right to
vote?
  • Fifteenth

32
What event of 1873 drew the attention of much of
the country away from reconstruction?
  • the Panic of 1873 (economic depression)

33
Why was homesteading attractive to people like
immigrants and freedmen?
  • gave them a chance to own land

34
Why did the lifestyle of the plains Native
Americans clash with the permanent fixtures (RRs,
farms, etc.) of the settlers?
  • the NAs were nomadic

35
What govt agency was in charge of handling
relationships with the Native Americans?
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

36
Give two examples of conflicts between Plains
NAs and the settlers/army.
  • Wounded Knee, Sand Creek, Little Big Horn, Chief
    Joseph

37
Who led his people on a 3,000 mile journey in an
attempt to avoid being placed on a reservation?
  • Chief Joseph (Nez Perce)

38
What law basically forced Native Americans to
accept white culture?
  • Dawes Act

39
Identify three U.S. govt policies that were
designed to force the Native Americans to
assimilate.
  • reservations, education, English, farming,
    supplies

40
What industries were the cornerstones of western
settlement?
  • mining and ranching

41
What infrastructure was necessary for either of
these industries to be successful?
  • the Transcontinental Railroad

42
What were the key inventions in communications?
  • telegraph, telephone, typewriter

43
Give two examples of men who took advantage of
these new inventions to build powerful business
empires.
  • Carnegie (Steel), Rockefeller (oil), Vanderbilt,
    Stanford, Huntington (RRs)

44
What is laissez faire economics?
  • a system with no govt control or interference

45
How do corporations raise capital?
  • sell stock or take loans

46
What do you call a group of corporations
controlled by the same board for common interest?
  • trust

47
What is a pool?
  • companies in competition divide up market

48
Why were companies able to pay low wages and
maintain poor conditions?
  • huge labor surplus (more workers than jobs)

49
Give 2 examples of poor working conditions.
  • heat/cold, unsafe machines, long hours, toxic
    chemicals, low wages

50
What kind of organizations did workers form to
try and improve pay and conditions? How do these
orgs get their power?
  • unions, collective bargaining

51
What was the first national labor organization?
  • Knights of Labor

52
Who was the first leader of the American
Federation of Labor?
  • Samuel Gompers

53
What two groups did unions regularly exclude?
  • blacks and immigrants

54
What clash between labor and govt was wrongfully
blamed on bomb-throwing anarchists?
  • Haymarket Square Riot

55
What was the first strike where one union
supported another?
  • Pullman Strike

56
Why would the govt always side with the owners
against the unions?
  • the owners had put them into the offices they held

57
Identify 2 reasons why many immigrants came to
the U.S. between 1875-1925.
  • religious or political freedom, economic
    opportunity, land ownership, seeking adventure

58
Where were most immigrants who came to the U.S.
in the late 1800s early 1900s processed?
  • Ellis Island

59
Name 2 things that would have kept an immigrant
from getting into the U.S..
  • health problem, criminal record

60
What two regions did most immigrants come from in
the late 1800s?
  • Europe and Asia (China and Japan)

61
Why were new immigrants subjected to so much
xenophobia?
  • different languages, religions, complexions,
    illiteracy

62
What are 2 characteristics of the Gilded Age?
  • new wealth, conspicuous spending, political
    corruption, imitating Victorian lifestyle

63
What groups essentially stole the voting power
away from the poor to use for their own benefit?
  • political machines

64
How many families was the floor of a tenement
designed for? How many actually lived there?
  • 2, 6-10
About PowerShow.com