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Serving Millennial Students: Teaching Strategies and Classroom Methods for a New Generation

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Terri M. Manning, Ed.D. Central Piedmont Community College The Echo Boom/Millennials The Millennials are the children born between 1982 and 2002 (peaked in 1990 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Serving Millennial Students: Teaching Strategies and Classroom Methods for a New Generation


1
Serving Millennial Students Teaching Strategies
and Classroom Methods for a New Generation
  • Terri M. Manning, Ed.D.
  • Central Piedmont Community College

2
The Echo Boom/Millennials
  • The Millennials are the children born between
    1982 and 2002 (peaked in 1990), a cohort called
    by various names
  • The Millennials are almost as large as the baby
    boom-some say larger - depending on how you
    measure them (approximately 81 million).

Echo Boom
Generation Y
Net Generation
Millennials
3
Things Began to Change for This Generation
  • Abortion rates peaked in 1980 and began a slow
    decline.
  • Poverty rate for children peaked in 1983 and
    began a slow decline (Medicaid began).
  • US divorce rate peaked in 1981 and began a
    decline.
  • Homicide rate against children peaked in 1982 and
    began a decline.
  • They were born into a better world, a more
    optimistic world than the generation before them.

4
What We Know
  • 35 are non-White
  • 1 in 5 has at least one
    parent who is an immigrant
  • Have the best educated mothers in history
  • Have better educated parents
  • Came out of the infertility era were very
    wanted as children
  • Grew up during a monumental financial boom
  • Safest generation we have seen

5
What We Know
  • Born to older parents and raised in smaller
    families (lots of only children) many have
    never shared a room
  • Been plugged in since they
    were babies
  • Expect technology to be free
  • Think it is cool to be smart
  • Have had cell phones since they were children
  • Expect to have 4 or more jobs in their lifetime
  • Are as interested in where they live as what they
    do so cities are working to attract them

6
Millennials What We Know
  • This generation is civic-minded, much like the GI
    Generation (WWI).
  • They are collectively optimistic, long-term
    planners, high achievers with lower rates of
    violent crime, teen pregnancy, smoking and
    alcohol use than ever before.
  • This generation believes that they have the
    potential to be great and they probably do. We
    are looking to them to provide us with a new
    definition of citizenship.

7
Their Generation Will Be Needed to Fill a Worker
Shortage
(Millennials)
(Boomers)
(Xers)
8
Entering a Different Work World
9
Who Is Working Today?
1,000 die per day
Youngest are 5 years old
Half the size of the generations on either side
of them
7,198 turned 60 every day in 2006
10
Influenced by Customer Service Movement
  • Expect what they paid for
  • Everyone should be concerned that they are
    satisfied and happy
  • If they are not happy with your answer, they will
    go over your head
  • Expect colleges to bend over backwards to please
    them
  • Not the way it works in higher education
  • Savvy consumers and will stay under your radar as
    long as possible

11
Parents Are Different
  • This generation is being parented by
    well-educated, over-involved adults who
    participate in deliberate
    parenting. They have
    outcomes in mind.
  • Boomers were the first
    generation to be thrown
    out in to an unsafe world
    as adolescents.
  • The 60s and 70s were very scary and many of us
    felt unprepared for it.
  • We were naïve and didnt have enough tools in our
    tool box to deal with it.

12
Baby Boomers as Parents
  • Boomers rebelled against the parenting practices
    of their parents.
  • Strict discipline was the order
    of the day for boomers.
  • They made conscious decisions
    not to say because I told you
    so or because Im the
    parent and youre the
    child.
  • Boomers became more
    friendly with their children.
    They wanted to have open lines of
    communication and a relationship with
    them.

13
Baby Boomers as Parents
  • They explained things to their children,
    (actions, consequences, options, etc.) they
    wanted them to learn to make informed decisions.
  • They allowed their children to have
    input into family decisions,
    educational options and
    discipline issues.
  • We told them just because
    it is on television doesnt mean
    its true or you
    cant believe
    everything you read.
  • We wanted them to question
    authority.

14
The Result
  • Millennials have become a
    master set of negotiators who
    are capable of rational
    thought and decision-making
    skills at young ages.
  • They will negotiate with anyone including their
    parents, teachers and school administrators.
  • Some call this arguing.

15
Helicopter Parents
  • Helicopter Parent (n) A
    parent who hovers over his
    or her
    children.
  • Or Snowplow parent Parents
    who clear the way for their
    children
  • these (echo) boomers
    are confident, achievement-oriented
    and used to hovering "helicopter" parents keeping
    tabs on their every move. (Anthony DeBarros, "New
    baby boom swamps colleges," USA Today, January 2,
    2003)

16
Baby Boomer Parents have been their Biggest
Cheerleaders
  • Millennials expect and need praise.
  • Will mistake silence for disapproval.
  • Millennials expect feedback.
  • They want it from teachers and bosses.
  • They want mentoring.

17
Talk to All Adults as Peers
  • Spent a lot of time interacting with adults as
    children
  • Arent afraid of adults and consider themselves
    equal
  • Faculty think they lack respect
  • Wont hesitate to state their
    position and attempt to
    negotiate for a grade, to redo
    an assignment, etc.

18
Helicopter Parent go to College
  • A new generation of over-involved
    parents are flooding campus
    orientations, meddling in
    registration and
    interfering with students'
    dealings with professors, administrators
    and roommates, school officials
    say.
  • Some of these hovering parents, whose numbers
    have been rising for several years, are
    unwittingly undermining their children's chances
    of success, campus administrators say. Now,
    universities and colleges are moving rapidly to
    build or expand programs aimed at helping parents
    strike a better balance.

Colleges Ward Off Overinvolved Parents By Sue
Shellenbarger From The Wall Street Journal
Online
19
Who are your heroes?
  • An Associate Press/MTV poll asked millennials who
    they looked up to as heroes?
  • 50 said their parents (29 mom, 21 dad)
  • 11 named a friend
  • 10 said God
  • 8 named a grandmother
  • 7 a brother
  • 5 a teacher or professor

CNN 8/20/07
20
Perceptions of Parents
  • This generation loves their
    parents
  • Thinks they were great parents
  • Share their values, like their music
  • Have no desire to get away from
    their parents when they go to college
    like other generations.
  • When they need something they
    ask the parents first go to them for
    help
  • Parents want to help them and protect them
  • College is a new unknown and parents are
    nervous we need to waylay their fears

21
Now We Find Ourselves Having to Deal With Parents
in Ways We Never Have Before
  • The last group of millennials will begin college
    in 2020.
  • We need to begin to be proactive now.
  • Orientation for parents
  • Materials for parents
  • Communication with parents via newsletter or
    emails
  • Help them learn how to help their student
  • Help them understand what it takes for a student
    to become independent and help themselves

22
Dealing With Parents
  • FERPA only limits us from talking to parents
    about student progress, attendance, grades, etc.
    but nothing else.
  • We feel we shouldnt have to deal with parents
    because our history indicates our average student
    age has been about 30.
  • Not so today most rapidly growing group is
    under 25 and will continue to be so for a while
  • Parents need to know about FERPA

23
What Do Universities Do With Parents
  • Parents organization great help with
    fundraising
  • Parent orientation
  • Parents weekend (or other events)
  • Mail to parents to purchase care packages during
    finals week, etc.
  • Parents pay for services for their children
  • Could be a great group of volunteers for us
  • But it takes staff to coordinate them

24
Millennials - Not Very Hardy
  • Our parents told us when the going gets tough,
    the tough get going and if at first you dont
    succeed, try, try again.
  • Their philosophy when the going gets tough, it
    means you should try another route and if at
    first you dont succeed, maybe you shouldnt be
    here.
  • They have trouble staying in
    classes with rigid teachers
    who offer them no flexibility
    or encouragement.

25
Millennials - Not Very Hardy
  • Seems like the tougher you are, the quicker they
    quit
  • Have no preconceived ideas about expectations
  • See a lack of consistency among faculty
  • Have to tell them more than the generation before
    them and we resent it

26
Issues for Discussion
  • Cheating vague meaning for students
  • Much easier now, we had to work to cheat.
  • Electronic toys.
  • Online sites (paper mills, etc.).
  • Too much focus on the end point (grade in class)
    than learning. Have to help refocus them.

Cell phone wrist watch
27
Issues for Discussion
  • Plagiarism
  • What is it
  • Dont assume they understand it
  • Be careful with sites like turn it in.com
  • Create materials for them with samples
  • Discuss ownership of creative works
  • Get the library involved
  • An issue for all ages

28
Issues for Discussion
  • Communication policies
  • How soon can they expect a
    response from you
  • When are you available for
    email
  • What will you accept emails
    about
  • Email is official communication between the
    student and the teacher
  • Other casual communication devices
  • Connectivity and communication are two of their
    strengths and areas they abuse
  • You are your own worst enemy

29
Issues for Discussion
  • Handwriting
  • Lost art cursive
  • They have been typing papers on computers since
    they learned to read
  • Have horrible handwriting
  • May have never turned in a handwritten paper
  • How much time does the average person spend
    writing things down by hand today
  • Outlook, text messaging, email, calculators,
    iPods, etc.

30
Issues for Discussion
  • Cell phone policies
  • Faculty are divided down the middle on this
  • Dont make such a big deal out of it
  • Be fair but dont let them disrupt class
  • Connectivity is very important to them
  • They will not turn them off but will silence them

31
Methods of Teaching
  • Teamwork play to their strengths
  • Lifelong learning critical for them
    to survive
  • Ability to have input into assignments and
    grading (they are negotiators)
  • Team oriented assistance learning communities,
    supplemental instruction, peer tutoring,
    mentoring
  • Culture of civic engagement this is a civic
    generation get them involved

32
Methods of Teaching
  • What world are we preparing them for?
  • The one we grew up in
  • A future world unknown to many of us
  • Critical topics
  • Information literacy
  • Language (bilingual a necessity)
  • Technology that does work for them
  • Critical decision-making
  • Dealing with change
  • Globalism, world economy
  • Rapid disbursement of information around the
    globe

33
Methods of Teaching
  • Too much reliance on technology (spell check,
    Excel formulas, calculators, grammar check, etc.
    (is this really a big deal?)
  • Poor basic skills
  • Less prepared from K-12
  • Poor technology skills in 30-40
  • First generation students (gen 1.5)
  • Immigrant families (language issues)

34
Instead of Complaining Do Something
  • Complaining about their lack of preparedness
    helps no one we have to develop an approach
  • Some are gifted students smarter than we can
    believe, others need serious help
  • May need to
  • Create special programs
  • Modularize some courses to work a step at a time
  • Special labs for skills we used to take for
    granted
  • Workshops and tutorials as certain course
    requirements
  • Typing help (dont learn it in high school now)

35
Focus on Retention
  • Ambitious yet aimless characterizes this
    generation
  • They work for a while until they save enough
    money to live for a while, then quite play for
    several months and then look for work again.
  • They know at the age of 21 that they may have to
    work until they are 70 75. So why hurry into a
    career job now.
  • They have the same attitude with school.
  • They stop out regularly and see if things work
    out. They appear to be in no hurry.

36
They Want to Experience Life
  • Four friends (24 years old, college graduates)
    have jobs all are saving money to go live in
    Costa Rica next year.
  • Graduates in pre-med in June (22 years old)
    plans to spend next year living in Hawaii .
    surfing.

37
Things That Work
  • They like technology and understand it but dont
    expect everything to be delivered via technology.
  • They do like things posted so they can access it
    and being able to communicate with their teacher
    via technology.
  • Remember they are civic and like to do things in
    groups get along well with other generations.
  • They like to do real work things that relate
    to the real world authentic assignments

38
Things That Work Teaching Thinking
  • Students need the ability to sift, analyze, and
    reflect upon large amounts of data in today's
    information age.
  • Use scenarios where they must reach a conclusion,
    determine what flaws and limits might be embedded
    in their approach, what they know with certainty,
    what do they not know.
  • Give students a controversial problem that can
    and should be approached from several
    perspectives. Help them to come to a reasoned
    conclusion.

39
Things That Work
  • Mini learning communities in class
  • Break up first time and in the same group for the
    entire semester
  • Exchange phone numbers, emails, etc.
  • When one is absent, someone from the group calls
  • Engages them in the group and thus in the class
  • Teacher conferences
  • Get to know the student and student get to know
    the faculty makes a difference

40
Teaching How to Be a Student
  • We assume students know how to be here, how to
    be a college student.
  • Their K-12 experience was different more active
    learning, changing of activities. Every thing was
    done for them.
  • They dont know about things work withdraw from
    classes, when to enroll, how to apply for
    financial aid, take notes, study for tests, etc.
  • We need to make sure they have these skills.

41
Interested in Things That Matter
  • Want to have an impact on the world
  • Interested in careers that matter
  • Show them aspects of a field or career that has
    an impact on society
  • Will be attracted to the mission of the community
    college as faculty are beginning to join our
    faculty ranks (oldest are 25-6).
  • But soon they will be the least of our problems
    because someone is already coming behind them

42
Who Are They?
  • A new Silent Generation
    referred to as Generation Z, Generation Alpha or
    the Homeland Generation.
  • Starts mid-2000s until about 2017 to 2020 and
    will be considered an artist
    generation (like the veterans)

http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strauss_and_Howe
43
Generation Z
  • Will be raised on technology, they will not be
    scared of anything, they will be open to new
    ideas.
  • They will be into truth and loyalty and they will
    not be not afraid to voice their opinion.
  • They will be flexible and open to change.
  • They will be fearless and fun.
  • They will be the new hope for our own future.
  • Their great-grandparents belong mostly to
    the Silent Generation and the
    Baby boomers form the
    core of their grandparents.
  • Their parents are seen as being roughly
    evenly divided between
    Generation X and
    Generation Y.

http//www.generationzbaby.com/generation-z.html
44
For a copy of this presentation http//www.cpcc.e
du/planning Click on studies and
reports Contact terri.manning_at_cpcc.edu
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