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Seafaring Traders Minoans and Phoenicians

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Minoans Powerful seafaring people Dominated trade in the Mediterranean 2000 BCE-1400 BCE Based on island of Crete Cities unfortified Minoan Culture Knossos: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Seafaring Traders Minoans and Phoenicians


1
Seafaring Traders Minoans and Phoenicians
  • Spreading Culture Beyond the Fertile Crescent

2
Minoans
  • Powerful seafaring people
  • Dominated trade in the Mediterranean 2000
    BCE-1400 BCE
  • Based on island of Crete
  • Cities unfortified

3
Minoan Culture
  • Knossos Capital
  • Advanced and thriving culture
  • King Minos
  • Colorful painted walls
  • Athletic people
  • Loved nature
  • Boxing, wrestling, bull jumping
  • Women
  • In religious ceremonies, priestesses
  • Mother Earth Goddess
  • Sacrifice
  • Bulls and other animals
  • Sometimes people

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8
Minoans Mysterious End
  • Natural disaster? Over population? Invasion?
  • Had previously withstood earthquakes
  • 1470 BCE earthquake and volcano
  • Didnt rebuild
  • Lasted another 300 years
  • Invaders from Greece may have taken advantage of
    a weakened state

9
The Phoenicians
  • Rose to power after Crete
  • Modern Lebanon
  • Founded a number of wealthy city-states
    important trading centers
  • Shipbuilders/seafarers first to pass straights of
    Gibraltar
  • Africa?

10
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11
Commercial Outposts
  • Cities 30 miles apart
  • Sidon and Tyre purple dye (murex snails)
  • Berytus and Byblos Papyrus
  • Sicily, Sardinia, and Spain Fish
  • Carthage (North Africa)
  • Trade Goods wine, weapons, precious metals,
    ivory, and slaves

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14
Great Legacy The Alphabet
  • Needed to record transactions quickly
  • Symbols represent sounds (Phonetic)
  • Aleph beth
  • Introduced writing to trade partners
  • Simplified writing made literacy more accessible
  • Assyrians captured Eastern cities and homeland
    controlled by the Babylonians alphabet stuck
    around

15
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