Chapter 16 The Union Reconstructed - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 16 The Union Reconstructed PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 53a897-MTEyO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 16 The Union Reconstructed

Description:

Chapter 16 The Union Reconstructed The American People, 6th ed. The Bittersweet Aftermath of War The United States in 1865 At the end of the war, Lincoln s official ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:57
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: Todd170
Learn more at: http://staff.4j.lane.edu
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 16 The Union Reconstructed


1
Chapter 16 The Union Reconstructed
  • The American People, 6th ed.

2
The Bittersweet Aftermath of War
3
The United States in 1865
  • At the end of the war, Lincolns official
    position was that the South had never left the
    Union
  • Lincolns opponents argued that by declaring war,
    the Confederacy had broken their Constitutional
    ties and reverted to a territory status
  • The North was stronger than ever, the South lay
    in ruins

4
(No Transcript)
5
(No Transcript)
6
Hopes Among the Freedpeople
  • Blacks tested their new freedom gradually
  • Most freed slaves made education a priority
  • Many left their plantations in search of a family
    member who had been sold
  • The primary goal for these freedpeople was to
    secure jobs and land they expected a new
    economic order and some compensation for their
    years in slavery

7
(No Transcript)
8
The White Souths Fearful Response
  • The dominant emotion in the Southern post-war
    white community was fear of newly freed slaves
    of rape and revenge
  • Almost all societal norms in the South had been
    reversed as a result of losing the war
  • Southern legislatures passed Black Codes the
    first year after the war to secure white dominance

9
(No Transcript)
10
National Reconstruction Politics
11
The Thirteenth Amendment
  • Abolished slavery and ratification was the first
    requirement for Southern states to rejoin the
    Union
  • Renouncing succession, acknowledging Confederate
    debts, and electing new state officials and
    members of Congress were other requirements.

12
(No Transcript)
13
The Fourteenth Amendment
  • Promised perpetual protection of the civil rights
    of black Americans by legally defining them as
    citizens
  • Granted suffrage to black males in the South
  • Denounced by President Johnson

14
Acts of Reconstruction
  • The southern states were divided into military
    districts for federal administration
  • Congress redefined the qualifications for
    readmission as a state blacks must be included
    in selecting representation to create new state
    constitutions
  • The Tenure of Office Act restricted presidential
    appointment powers in light of Johnsons
    aggressive racism and determination to foil any
    reconstruction process he became the first
    president to be impeached

15
The Lives of Freedpeople
16
The Freedmens Bureau
  • Officially called the Bureau of Freedmen,
    Refugees and Abandoned Lands
  • Issued emergency food rations, clothes and
    shelter for the homeless victims of the war
  • Tasked with an extensive education program for
    the freed slaves
  • Served as an early employment agency for African
    Americans

17
Economic Freedom
  • The failure of Congress to provide 40 acres and a
    mule for the freedmen resulted in a new economic
    dependency on their former masters
  • Land ownership consolidated into huge holdings
    and concentrated on one cash crop, usually cotton
  • African American signed work contracts with white
    landowners to toil under the lash as if slavery
    still existed

18
(No Transcript)
19
(No Transcript)
20
(No Transcript)
21
(No Transcript)
22
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com