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The Birth of Greek Civilization

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Minoans, Mycenaeans, and Phoenicians The three cultures that influenced the development of Greek civilization Minoans The Mycenaeans The Phoenicians Located on the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Birth of Greek Civilization


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(No Transcript)
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The Birth of Greek Civilization
3
Minoans, Mycenaeans, and Phoenicians
  • The three cultures
  • that influenced the
  • development of
  • Greek civilization

4
Minoans
  • A wealthy trading culture
  • 2,000 B.C.
  • Exported pottery, metal work, wine, and olive oil

5
The Mycenaeans
  • 1600 B.C.
  • Traded metals from the Greek mainland for the
    beautiful Minoan exports
  • Conquered Crete in 1450 B.C. and took over
    Minoas valuable trade
  • This civilization disappeared by 1100 B.C.

6
The Phoenicians
  • Located on the eastern Mediterranean
  • (today's Lebanon)
  • Founded colonies around the Mediterranean
  • Developed the alphabet

7
Greek City-States
  • Shared a language letters
  • Remained independent of each other
  • Each region had a Polis
  • Each region was built around an acropolis

8
Structure of the City-States
Acropolis
Polis
Agora
9
Polis
  • A city-state in ancient Greece

10
Polis
  • Each polis was a nation of its own
  • developed because land was isolated by mountains
    or water
  • common language
  • depend on one another to survive.
  • met every year at a great athletic contest known
    as the Olympics.

11
ACROPOLIS
a large hill in ancient Greece where city
residents sought shelter and safety in times of
war and met to discuss community affairs
12
Agora
  • A central area in Greek cities used both as a
    marketplace and as a meeting place.

13
Governments of the city-states
Democracy
Monarchy
Oligarchy
14
Monarchy
  • Some city-states had a single ruler

15
Oligarchy
  • In some city-states, a small group of the richest
    and most powerful citizens controlled
    decision-making

16
Democracy Rule by the citizens
17
The Powers of Greece
CITY-STATE GOVERNMENT ROLE OF CHILDREN FOCUS OF THE CITY-STATE
SPARTA
ATHENS
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