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The Renaissance In Italy

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Title: The Renaissance In Italy


1
The Renaissance In Italy
2
What is the Renaissance?
  • The word Renaissance means Rebirth.
  • During the Middle Ages, people had lived lives
    centered around their villages or towns.
  • Their lives were based around the Catholic Church.

3
What Changed During the Renaissance?
  • The Renaissance began around 1300 and reached its
    peak around 1500.
  • The Renaissance marked the transition from the
    medieval world to the modern world.
  • Interest was reawakened in the Greek and Roman
    writings and learning.
  • During the Middle Ages, scholars focused on
    religion. Renaissance thinkers focused on this
    lifetime and the experience of being human.
  • This movement was called humanism. These new
    thinkers focused on a variety of topics.

4
The Renaissance Starts in Italy
  • Italy had the remains of Ancient Rome.
  • Italy was on the Mediterranean and in an ideal
    place for trading.
  • The Roman Catholic Church was based in Italy.
  • Italy was divided into city states.

5
Patrons and Powerful Families
  • City states were ruled by powerful families and a
    strong merchant class.
  • The Medici family of Florence was the most famous
    of these.
  • These families served as patrons of the arts.
    That means they gave money to artists.

6
Renaissance Art Flourishes
  • Many artists were supported by powerful patrons.
  • They more topics than just religious themes.
  • Artists made realistic artwork and used
    perspective.
  • Perspective means making close items larger than
    far items to make it seem realistic.
  • Artists also used shading and correct anatomy.

7
Leonardo da Vinci
  • He was the ultimate Renaissance man.
  • He was a painter and engineer.
  • He created famous paintings and also created
    inventions.
  • He was known for his curiosity and ingenuity.
  • He learned about human anatomy by dissecting
    cadavers.

8
The Last Supper
9
The Mona Lisa
10
The Notebooks of Leonardo
11
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12
Michelangelo
  • He was a sculptor, engineer, painter, architect,
    and poet.
  • He created marble masterpieces and painted the
    Sistine Chapel.
  • He also created the design for the dome of St.
    Peters Cathedral.

13
David
14
The Pieta
15
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16
The Sistine Chapel
17
The Dome of St. Peters Basilica
18
Rafael, the School of Athens
19
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20
The Renaissance Spreads to the Rest of Europe
21
The Printing Revolution
  • During the Middle Ages, books were copied by
    scribes and monks by hand.
  • Around 1455, a German named Johann Gutenberg
    created the first moveable type printing press.
  • This made books much more common and much more
    accessible to the people.

22
The Printing Press
23
Sir Thomas Mores Utopia
  • Thomas More was an English writer.
  • He wrote a book about a perfect society called
    Utopia where everyone is equal and everyone
    lives in peace and harmony.
  • We still use the word utopia to describe a
    perfect world or society.

24
William Shakespeare
  • Shakespeare was the most important literary
    writer during the Renaissance.
  • He wrote 37 plays that are still performed today.
  • He also greatly enriched the English language.
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