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The Declaration of Independence


The Declaration of Independence Let s Review! What is mercantilism? What was the impact of the French & Indian War? Name two ways the Colonists protested the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence
Lets Review!
  • What is mercantilism?
  • What was the impact of the French Indian War?
  • Name two ways the Colonists protested the Acts.
    (Think Stamp Act Tea Act)
  • What letter did the First Continental Congress
  • What is significant about Lexington and Concord
  • What is Common Sense?

Todays Goal
  • Explain the origin of the Declaration of
    Independence as well as summarize and interpret
    this as a important founding document in American
  • Where did the idea to declare independence come
    from? How did this document originate?
  • How comfortable do you feel with your
    understanding of the origin of the Declaration of

The Declaration of Independence
  • Thomas Jefferson was the main author of the
    Declaration, though he received some help from
    other notable Americans.
  • The initial document was presented.
  • 86 Changes were made in 1 day!
  • Nearly 1/5 of the document was eliminated
  • Leaving 1,337 powerful words

What Was at Risk?
  • The Second Continental Congress approved the
    document after revisions were made.
  • 56 Signers (at least one from each of the 13
    colonies) were in attendance
  • By signing their name to the document, each man
    was committing an act of treason against the
  • We must indeed all hang together,
  • or most assuredly, we shall all
  • hang separately.
  • -
    Benjamin Franklin

Who Were the Risktakers?
  • Jefferson, Franklin, Hancock, and Adams are well
    known but many of the other men have compelling
    stories as well
  • Franklin was the oldest, eighteen were under 40,
    three were in their 20s, half were lawyers, 9
    were landowners, 11 were merchants, the rest were
    doctors, ministers, politicians

What Did They Have to Lose?
But Above All Else
  • These 56 signers risked the ultimate
  • There lives, their fortunes, and their sacred

The Signers of the Declaration
  • The signers, as representatives of the American
    people, declared American Independence from Great
    Britain on July 4, 1776!!!!
  • (Most members actually signed on August 2 though)
  • Was this treasonous? Why or Why not?

Food for ThoughtWhy are these statements
  • My hand trembles, but my heart does not.
  • - Stephen Hopkins
  • I am no longer a Virginian, Sir, but an
  • - Patrick Henry

(No Transcript)
Why is this Significant?
The Title says The unanimous Declaration of the
united States of America
Declaration of Independence
  • There are four major components of the DOI
  • Introduction
  • Rights of the People (Natural Rights)
  • Complaints of the Colonists (Grievances)
  • Declaration of a new Nation the united States

Parts of the Declaration
  • The Colonists were tired of the how they were
    being treated by the British they were IRCD
  • I introduction
  • R rights of the people
  • C complaints against the king
  • D declaration of a new nation

  • Explains why the Continental Congress drew up the
  • When in the Course of Human events, it becomes
    necessary for one people to dissolve the
    political bands which have connected them with
    another, and to assume among the Powers of the
    eartha decent respect to the opinions of mankind
    requires that they should declare the causes
    which impel them to the separation

  • The second part of the Declaration lists the
    rights of the citizens.
  • It explains that in a republic, people form a
    government to protect their rights. LETS
  • We hold these truths to be self-evident, that
    all men are created equal, that they are endowed
    by their Creator with certain unalienable rights,
    that among these are life, liberty and the
    pursuit of happiness government are instituted
    among men to secure these rights governments
    derive their just powers from the consent of the
    governed that whenever any form of government
    becomes destructive of these ends, it is the
    right of the people to alter or abolish it, and
    to institute new government.

  • Lists the colonists grievances against the
    British government
  • Who is singled out?
  • Examples- WRITE THESE DOWN
  • He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing
    Armies without Consent of our legislature
    (quartering soldiers)
  • Hehas imposed taxes on us without our consent
  • He has taken away our right to a trial by jury
  • He has limited our judicial powers
  • He has dissolved our legislatures

Declaration of a New Nation
  • The final section declares that the colonies are
    Free and Independent States.
  • What is significant about that statement?
  • The states now had the power to wage war, to form
    alliances and to trade with other nations.

How Do You Feel?
  • Now that weve discussed the DOI
  • How confident do you feel about your
    understanding of IRCD?

SHR Fireworks
Now its Your Turn!
  • Acting as a modern day Thomas Jefferson you
    now have a chance to rewrite the Declaration of
  • Lets take a look at the project instructions.
  • Due on Tuesday, September 27th!