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The Courts and What They Do

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The Courts and What They Do Structure of U.S. Court System What Courts Do Resolve Disputes Civil Cases Criminal Cases Interpret Law Regulations (from bureaucracy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Courts and What They Do


1
The Courts and What They Do
2
Structure of U.S. Court System
U.S. Supreme Court
Original jurisdiction
State Supreme Courts
U.S. Circuit Cts
State Cts of Appeals
Federal Trial Cts
State Trial Cts
3
What Courts Do
  • Resolve Disputes
  • Civil Cases
  • Criminal Cases
  • Interpret Law
  • Regulations (from bureaucracy)
  • Statutes
  • Constitution
  • Judicial Review

4
Civil Law
  • Plaintiff v. Defendant
  • Types of Civil Law
  • Contracts
  • Torts
  • Sources of Civil Law
  • Statutes
  • Common Law

5
Criminal Law
  • State v. Individual (or Corporation)
  • Statutory

6
Interpreting Law and Judicial Review
  • Do bureaucratic regulations square with
    legislation?
  • Does legislation square with the constitution?

7
Trial Courts
  • Find facts
  • Apply law to facts
  • May use juries

8
Appellate Courts
  • Was the law correctly interpreted and applied?
  • Dont mess with facts!
  • No juries, no witnesses
  • Briefs
  • Oral argument
  • the record

9
State Courts
  • 97 of cases filed in state court
  • Most states elect judges

10
Federal Courts
  • Judges appointed
  • Senatorial courtesy
  • Life tenure
  • Salary secure

11
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12
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