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PRESENTED BY TOMY VARGHESE ROLL NO 54 S7MECHANICAL

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APPLICATION OF NITROUS OXIDE IN AUTOMOBILES PRESENTED BY TOMY VARGHESE ROLL NO 54 S7MECHANICAL INRODUCTION It is the modern technology used in automobiles to increase ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PRESENTED BY TOMY VARGHESE ROLL NO 54 S7MECHANICAL


1
PRESENTED BY TOMY
VARGHESE ROLL NO 54
S7MECHANICAL

  • APPLICATION OF NITROUS OXIDE IN AUTOMOBILES

2
INRODUCTION
  • It is the modern technology used in automobiles
    to increase the power by injecting nitrous oxide
    into the cylinder.

3
HISTORY
  • Discovered by Joseph Priestley in 1772.
  • More studies was done by Humphry Davy in the
    1790s and realised that it can be use as an
    anaesthetic, particularly by dentists.

4
ABOUT NITROUS OXIDE
  • Nitrous oxide, also known as dinitrogen oxide or
    dinitrogen monoxide with chemical formula N2O.
  • It is commonly known as laughing gas.
  • Under room conditions it is a colourless
    non-flammable gas, with a pleasant slightly sweet
    odour.

5
USES
  • It can be used as an oxidiser in rocket engine.
  • It is used in automobiles to increase the power.
  • It is used in surgery and dentistry for its
    anaesthetic and analgesic effects.

6
NITROUS OXIDE SYSTEM IN AUTOMOBILES
  • WET SYSTEM
  • DRY SYSTEM

7
PRINCIPLE
  • Nitrous Oxide and fuel are injected in to the
    intake manifold.
  • Nitrous cools the intake air.
  • Nitrous Oxide dissociated in to Nitrogen and
    Oxygen at 5250 F.
  • 2 N2O gt 2 N2 1 O2
  • The additional oxygen being forced into the
    combustion chamber provides more potential power.

8
WORKING OF NITROUS
  • Direct port nozzle system
  • The plate systems

9
Direct port nozzle system
Conventional Nozzle
Power Wing Nozzle
10
Fogger Injector
11
(No Transcript)
12
Power wing nozzle is connected to the intake
manifold
13
The plate systems
Billet Atomizer TM plate
14
N2O injection using Billet Atomizer TM plate
15
Billet atomizer is fitted at the intake port
16
Nitrous Oxide Kit
17
ADVANTAGES OF NITROGEN OXIDE SYSTEM
  • offers more power-per-dollar than all known
    alternatives.
  • ability to provide instant power.
  • power level can be varied by changing jets.
  • unlike cylinder heads and cams etc., the system
    can be transferred from vehicle to vehicle.
  • nitrous oxide system can be easily replaced.

18
Limitations
  • Overheating of cylinder leads to explosion.
  • Liquid nitrous will cause severe and permanent
    frostbite damage to skin.
  • Inhalation of nitrous oxide can cause suffocation
    and immediate death.
  • The nitrous system is designed to operate at 1100
    psi and exceeding that pressure can cause the
    engine to become too lean and cause extensive
    engine damage.
  • If a stock fuel system cannot supply enough fuel
    to the engine, the mixture will become too lean
    and severe engine damage will occur.
  • Activating the nitrous oxide system may cause an
    explosion on engine start-up.

19
CONCLUSION
  • This technology has been implemented in sport
    vehicles since it has the ability to provide
    instant power whenever needed. Within few years
    the use of nitrous oxide in vehicles will be
    implemented in commercial vehicles also.

20
THANK YOU
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