THE AXIAL MUSCLES HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1 (BSC 2085 L) LABORATORY MANUAL (ROMER, PINO, POPE) CHAPTER 6 MARTINI, ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 7TH EDITION, CHAPTER 11 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE AXIAL MUSCLES HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1 (BSC 2085 L) LABORATORY MANUAL (ROMER, PINO, POPE) CHAPTER 6 MARTINI, ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 7TH EDITION, CHAPTER 11

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Title: THE AXIAL MUSCLES HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 1 (BSC 2085 L) LABORATORY MANUAL (ROMER, PINO, POPE) CHAPTER 6 MARTINI, ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 7TH EDITION, CHAPTER 11


1
THE AXIAL MUSCLESHUMAN ANATOMY AND
PHYSIOLOGY 1 (BSC 2085 L)LABORATORY MANUAL
(ROMER, PINO, POPE) CHAPTER 6MARTINI, ANATOMY
AND PHYSIOLOGY 7TH EDITION, CHAPTER 11
2
PRESENTATION CREATED BY ALFONSO A. PINO.
MD.COLLABORATORPROFESSOR NIDIA ROMER.
3
NOTE
  • THIS IS A STUDY GUIDE, NOT AN ALL INCLUSIVE
    REVIEW.
  • THERE MIGHT BE THINGS NOT COVERED BY THIS STUDY
    GUIDE THAT MIGHT BE ASKED IN YOUR PRACTICUMS /
  • QUIZZES.
  • STUDENTS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR READING THEIR
    TEXBOOK (S) AND FOR ALL THE MATERIAL COVERED
    DURING THE LABORATORY PERIOD, AS PER THE COURSE
    SYLLABUS

4
  • Muscles of head neck
  • Muscles of the pectoral girdle (anterior view)
  • Muscles that move arms
  • Muscles of the respiration
  • Muscles of the abdomen
  • Muscles of the pectoral girdle (posterior view)
  • Muscles of the vertebral column

5
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6
(No Transcript)
7
HEAD NECK
  • SCALP- FRONTALIS- TO RISE EYEBROWS

  • TO WRINKLE FOREHEAD

  • OCCIPITALIS- TO TENSE
    TO RETRACT THE SCALP

  • EYE- ORBICULARIS OCCULI- TO CLOSE THE EYE

8
MARTINI PG 337
9
  • MOUTH-
  • ZYGOMATICUS- MINOR (TOP) MAYOR (BOTTOM)
  • F- TO RETRACT TO ELEVATE
    CORNER OF THE MOUTH


  • (SEE MANDIBLE)
  • RISORIUS- TO DRAW THE CORNER OF THE MOUTH
    TO THE SIDE

  • DEPRESSOR ANGULI ORIS (TRIANGULARIS)-

  • F- TO DEPRESS CORNER OF THE MOUTH
  • ORBICULARIS ORIS- TO COMPRESS TO PURSE
    THE LIPS
  • MENTALIS- TO ELEVATE TO PROTRUDE LOWER
    LIP
  • BUCCINATOR- TO COMPRESS CHEEKS

10
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11
  • MASTICATION-
  • MASSETER- TO ELEVATE MANDIBLE (SEE
    MANDIBLE)

  • TEMPORALIS- TO ELEVATE MANDIBLE
  • PTERIGOID MEDIAL- TO ELEVATE
    MANDIBLE

  • TO CLOSE THE JAW. (SEE MANDIBLE)
  • PTERIGOID LATERAL- TO OPEN THE
    MOUTH TO PROTRUDE

  • THE MANDIBLE. (SEE MANDIBLE)

12
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13
MARTINI PG340
14
  • NECK
  • PLATISMA- TO TENSE THE SKIN OF NECK
    TO DEPRESS


  • THE MANDIBLE
  • STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID-
  • TOGETHER- TO
    FLEX THE NECK
  • ALONE- TO
    BEND THE HEAD TOWARD SHOULDER

  • TO TURN FACE TO OPPOSITE SIDE

15
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16
MUSCLES OF THE PECTORAL GIRDLEANTERIOR VIEW
  • SERRATUS ANTERIOR- TO PROTRACT SHOULDER
  • TO ROTATE
    THE SCAPULA (UPWARD ROTATION)
  • PECTORALIS MINOR- TO DEPRESS PROTRACT

  • SCAPULA (SHOULDER)
  • DELTOID- TO ABDUCT THE ARM
  • PECTORALIS- MAJOR- TO FLEX TO ADDUCT THE ARM

  • MEDIAL ROTATION OF SHOULDER

17
MARTINI PG 352
18
  • RESPIRATION
  • DIAPHRAGM- MAJOR MUSCLE OF RESPIRATION
  • EXPANDS
    THORACIC CAVITY TO CAUSE BREATHING
  • IT SEPARATES
    THE THORACIC AND

  • ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITIES
  • INTERCOSTAL EXTERNAL- TO ELEVATE RIBS DURING
    INHALATION
  • INTERCOSTAL INTERNAL- TO DEPRESS RIBS
    DURING FORCED


  • EXHALATION

19
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20
MARTINI PG 353
21
MARTINI PG 346
22
  • ABDOMEN
  • RECTUS ABDOMINIS- TO FLEX VERTEBRAL COLUMN

  • TO
    DEPRESS RIBS
  • EXTERNAL OBLIQUE- TO FLEX SPINE TO
    COMPRESS ABDOMEN
  • TO
    DEPRESS RIBS
  • INTERNAL OBLIQUE- SAME AS ABOVE
  • TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINIS- TO COMPRESS ABDOMEN

23
(No Transcript)
24
MUSCLES OF THE PELVIC FLOOR
  • UROGENITAL DIAPHRAGM
  • DEEP TRANSVERSE PERINEAL MUSCLE STABILIZES
    CENTRAL

  • TENDON OF
    PERINEUM
  • EXTERNAL URETHRAL SPHINCTER CLOSES URETHRA
  • PELVIC DIAPHRAGM
  • COCCYGEOUS FLEXES COCCYGEAL JOINTS, TENSES
    SUPPORTS


  • PELVIC FLOOR
  • LEVATOR ANI (from external to internal)
  • ILEOCOCCYGEOUS TENSES FLOOR OF
    PELVIS, FLEXES
  • COCCYGEAL
    JOINTS, ELEVATES RETRACTS ANUS
  • PUBOCOCCYGEOUS AS ABOVE
  • SUPERFICIAL TRANSVERSE PERINEAL STABILIZES
    CENTRAL TENDON


  • OF PERINEUM
  • EXTERNAL ANAL SPHINCTER CLOSES ANAL OPENING

25
  • MARTINI, Pg- 349

26
POSTERIOR VIEW
  • PECTORAL GIRDLE
  • TRAPEZIUS- TO ELEVATE, DEPRESS RETRACT
    SCAPULA
  • TO ROTATE SCAPULA
    UPWARD
  • TO ELEVATE
    CLAVICLE TO EXTEND THE NECK
  • RHOMBOIDS- (MAJOR MINOR)
  • TO ADDUCT SCAPULA
    DOWNWARD ROTATION
  • MOVE ARM
  • LATISSIMUS DORSI- TO EXTEND, TO ADDUCT

  • MEDIAL ROTATION OF SHOULDER
  • INFRASPINATUS- LATERAL ROTATION OF
    SHOULDER
  • TERES MINOR- SAME AS ABOVE
  • TERES MAJOR- TO EXTEND, ADDUCT MEDIAL
    ROTATION


  • OF SHOULDER
  • SUPRASPINATUS- TO ABDUCT THE SHOULDER

27
Infraspinatus
28
  • VERTEBRAL COLUMN
  • ERECTOR SPINAE- TO EXTEND THE SPINE
  • SPLENIUS CAPITIS- TOGETHER TO EXTEND THE
    NECK

  • ALONE- TO ROTATE FLEX THE NECK
  • SEMISPINALIS CAPITIS- TOGETHER TO EXTEND
    THE NECK

  • ALONE- TO EXTEND FLEX THE NECK

29
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30
Infraspinatus
31
REMEMBER!GO TO THE TUTORING ROOMAND PRACTICE
WITH MODELSROOM 3326
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