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Jesus, the Suffering Son of God: The Gospel according to Mark

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Chapter 6 Jesus, the Suffering Son of God: The Gospel according to Mark The New Testament Bart D. Ehrman ch. 14 Betrayal, Last Supper, Arrest (cont.) Gethsemane ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jesus, the Suffering Son of God: The Gospel according to Mark


1
Jesus, the Suffering Son of God The Gospel
according to Mark
  • Chapter 6
  • The New TestamentBart D. Ehrman

2
What to Expect
  • The Gospel of Mark is the shortest and earliest
    surviving account of Jesus life
  • It establishes Jesus character in a series of
    scenes
  • The people in this Gospel have a hard time
    grasping Jesus identity
  • Do Jesus own disciples ever get it?

3
The Gospel according to Mark
  • Unknown author
  • Was a Greek-speaking Christian
  • Was presumably living outside of Palestine
  • Had heard stories about Jesus
  • Mark may also have used written sources
  • This Gospel was used by the authors of Matthew
    and Luke

4
The Beginning of the GospelJesus the Messiah,
the Son of God Who Fulfills Scripture
  • Traditions rooted in a Jewish worldview
  • Mark begins by calling Jesus the messiah, but
    this could mean a range of things
  • Future king of Israel
  • Cosmic deliverer
  • Son of God would have been a familiar concept
    Like other sons of God, divinely inspired
    teachers or rulers

5
Jesus the Authoritative Son of God
  • Jesus is portrayed as authoritative, setting the
    stage for the rest of the Gospel
  • When he gives instruction, people hang on his
    every word
  • He drives unclean spirits out, heals the sick
  • He is still universally misunderstood, and
    becomes hated by religious leaders

6
Jesus the Opposed Son of God
  • Leaders oppose Jesus despite his deeds and
    faithfulness to Jewish Law
  • Question his actions and practices
  • Take offense at his associations and activities
  • Protest the actions of his followers
  • Authorities find him threatening
  • Authorities do not understand who he is

7
Jesus the Misunderstood Son of God
  • Through the first half of the Gospel, only a few
    recognize Jesus identity God, Jesus himself,
    evil demons, the author, and the reader
  • Jesus own disciples fail to understand who he is
  • Who then is this, that even wind and sea obey
    him?

8
Jesus the Acknowledged Son of God
  • The sequence of the stories in the Gospel of Mark
    is significant
  • Jesus heals a blind man only gradually
  • Jesus disciples have been blind to his identity,
    but gradually begin to see
  • Peter identifies him as the Christ but still
    sees him only dimly, as the deliverer of Israel,
    not the suffering Son of God

9
Jesus the Suffering Son of God
  • Readers are given several indications that Jesus
    must die
  • Jesus is explicit about this after Peters
    confession that Jesus is the Christ
  • After each prediction, Mark shows that the
    disciples do not understand
  • Jesus is the messiah, but not in any way the
    Jewish authorities recognize

10
  • ch. 14 Betrayal, Last Supper, Arrest (cont.)
  • Gethsemane olive grove on Mount of Olives
    prayer of agony
  • Arrest kiss of Judas prohibits defense by
    sword disciples scatter

11
Jesus the Crucified Son of God
  • Jesus disciples are shocked when Jesus fails to
    restore the kingdom to Israel
  • However, Marks readers have no doubt about the
    importance of Jesus death
  • The curtain separating the Holy of Holies from
    the outside world is torn in half
  • The pagan Roman centurion recognizes Jesus as
    Gods Son

12
Jesus the Vindicated Son of God
  • The Gospel of Mark concludes after Jesus has
    risen, when the women flee the tomb and tell
    nobody
  • Mark demonstrated that the disciples never could
    understand what Jesus meant about dying and
    rising again

13
  • ch. 16 Discovery of Empty Tomb (Sunday)
  • Women come at dawn to anoint Jesus body.
  • Angel announces resurrection of Jesus.
  • Instructions to go to Galilee, where Jesus will
    appear.
  • They went out and said nothing to anyone, for
    they were afraid (v. 8).
  • Did Mark tell resurrection appearance in Galilee?

Garden Tomb
14
Conclusion Mark and His Readers
  • The first readers of this Gospel were Christians
    of Marks community
  • For Mark, following Jesus is not a ticket to
    glory, but a path to suffering
  • The lessons of Mark would make sense to a
    community experiencing persecution and hoping for
    vindication
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