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???:MRPII?ERP

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(Operations Management) 13 MRP/MRPII/ERP Distribution Requirements Planning ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ???:MRPII?ERP


1
????(Operations Management)
?13? MRP/MRPII/ERP ???????
2
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
?????
  • ???????????
  • ??????? ??????
  • ??? ????????(Optimization)
  • ???? ????????(Quick Response)

3
(No Transcript)
4
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
??????????????
  • 1.GT(Group Technology)
    ???50??
  • 2.FMS (Flexible Manufacturing System) ???60????
  • 3. MRPMRPII ???70??
  • 4. CIMS (Computer Integration Manufacturing
    System)
  • ???80??
  • 5. ????(LEAN PRODUCTION) ???90??
  • 6. ????(AGILE MANUFACTURE) ???90??
  • 7. ????(CONCURENT ENGINEERING)

    ???90??

5
(No Transcript)
6
(No Transcript)
7
(No Transcript)
8
(No Transcript)
9
(No Transcript)
10
??????(Cell Production System)
  • 20??90???????????????????????
  • U?L?????????????,???????????
  • ?????????????,?????????????????????????????(??
    ??,??)
  • ??????????????????5???,?????????????

??????????????
11
??????(Cell Production System)
  • ????
  • ??????????????
  • ????????????????????,????????????????????,?
    ??NEC??????????????????????????????????????

12
??????(Cell Production System)
  • ???????
  • ???,?????,???????30??
  • ???
  • ?????,WIP??
  • ??????????????

13
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
??????????????
  • 1.GT(Group Technology)
    ???50??
  • 2.FMS (Flexible Manufacturing System)???60????
  • 3. MRPMRPII ???70??
  • 4. CIMS (Computer Integration Manufacturing
    System)
  • ???80??
  • 5. ????(LEAN PRODUCTION) ???90??
  • 6. ????(AGILE MANUFACTURE) ???90??
  • 7. ????(CONCURENT ENGINEERING)

    ???90??

14
FMS (Flexible Manufacturing System)
  • ??????????,??????????????????
  • ???????,?????????????

15
?????????
16
(No Transcript)
17
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
??????????????
  • 1.GT(Group Technoligy)
    ???50??
  • 2. FMS(Flexible Manufacturing System)???60????
  • 3.MRPMRPII ???70??
  • 4.CIMS(Computer Integration Manufacturing System)
  • ???80??
  • 5.????(LEAN PRODUCTION) ???90??
  • 6.????(AGILE MANUFACTURE) ???90??
  • 7.????(CONCURENT ENGINEERING)

    ???90??

18
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
  • CIMS
  • 80??????????,?????????????????
  • ?3?????
  • ???CAD(CAD,CAPP,LAYOUT)
  • ???CAM
  • ???CAP

19
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
??????????????
  • 1.GT(Group Technoligy)
    ???50??
  • 2.FMS(Flexible Manufacturing System)???60????
  • 3. MRPMRPII ???70??
  • 4. CIMS(Computer Integration Manufacturing
    System)
  • ???80??
  • 5. ????(LEAN PRODUCTION) ???90??
  • 6. ????(AGILE MANUFACTURE) ???90??
  • 7. ????(CONCURENT ENGINEERING)

    ???90??

20
Agile Manufacturing
  • ??
  • 70???,????????,?????????
  • 1986?,MIT?????????????,???????????,??????
  • ???????,88???????(GM)??????????????? Agile
    Manufacturing
  • ??
  • ?????????
  • ??????
  • ????????

21
Agile Manufacturing
  • ??SME??, Frank H. Mcarty ?????????
  • ??????
  • ?????
  • ??????

22
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
????(Manufacturing System)??????????????
??????
??????
??????
?? ?? ?? ?
??????
??T ??Q ??S ??C
?????
?? ?? ??
??C ??Q
??????
??????
?? ?? ??
??C
?????
23
??????????
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
Computer Integrated Manufacturing System
Flexible Manufacturing System
CE
CNC
CAD/CAM
ERP
FMC
?? ???
MRPII
SCM
FMS
Rigid Manufacturing System
Network Manufacturing System
CRM
EC
???
AM
????
24
??????????????(New Problems and Modes of Modern
Production Management)
??????????????
  • 1.GT(Group Technology)
    ???50??
  • 2.FMS(Flexible Manufacturing System) ???60????
  • 3. MRPMRPII ???70??
  • 4. CIMS(Computer Integration Manufacturing
    System)
  • ???80??
  • 5. ????(LEAN PRODUCTION) ???90??
  • 6. ????(AGILE MANUFACTURE) ???90??
  • 7. ????(CONCURENT ENGINEERING)

    ???90??

25
????
  • ??????????????????????????
  • ?????????????,????????, ????????????

26

MRP???(Development of MRP)
  • 1??????????(Independent and Dependent Demand)
    ??????????(???)
  • 2????MRP(Material Requirement Planning)
  • 3????MRP(Closed-Loop MRP)
  • 4?MRPII(Manufacturing Resource Planning)
  • ??APICS??
  • ???? ?? 15-40
  • ????? ?? 50-400
  • ??? ??
    60-80
  • ?? ?? 7-12
  • ?? ?? 5-10

27
MRP???(Development of MRP)
ERP?????
ERP
MRP II
?? MRP
MRP
????
??
28
(No Transcript)
29

MRP???(Development of MRP)
  • 1??????????(Independent and Dependent Demand)
    ??????????
  • 2????MRP(Material Requirement Planning)
  • 3????MRP(Closed-Loop MRP)
  • 4?MRPII(Manufacturing Resource Planning)
  • ??APICS??
  • ???? ?? 15-40
  • ????? ?? 50-400
  • ??? ??
    60-80
  • ?? ?? 7-12
  • ?? ?? 5-10

30
MRP???(Development of MRP)
  • ???MRP
  • CRP
  • ????MRP???
  • ????????????

31
??MRP?????(Logic Process Chart of Closed-loop
MRP)
32

MRP???(Development of MRP)
  • 1??????????(Independent and Dependent Demand)
    ??????????
  • 2????MRP(Material Requirement Planning)
  • 3????MRP(Closed-Loop MRP)
  • 4?MRPII(Manufacturing Resource Planning)
  • ??APICS??
  • ???? ?? 15-40
  • ????? ?? 50-400
  • ??? ??
    60-80
  • ?? ?? 7-12
  • ?? ?? 5-10

33
(No Transcript)
34
MRP???(Development of MRP)
  • 5?ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning)
  • 1) ??
  • ?????????
  • ??????????
  • ????????(Supply Chain)?????????
  • ????????
  • ????????????????

35
MRP???(Development of MRP)
(2)ERP ????
Supplier Management
  • ??????
  • (Customer Relationship Management)

Business Reengineering
  • ?????
  • ????
  • MRP II

? ? ?
  • Internet

Project Management
  • ????
  • Intranet
  • ????
  • ????

(Transportation Management)
  • ????
  • (Capital Investment)
  • ????

Quality Management
  • ?????

(Lab Management)
36
MRP???(Development of MRP)
(3)ERP?????(The Core of ERP)
?????????????
37
MRP???(Development of MRP)
ERP?????
38
???????ERP?????(Expansion of ERP Functions in
the New Economy)
  • ????????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????,????????????
  • ??????????????????
  • (Customer Relationship Management,CRM)

39
???????ERP?????(Expansion of ERP Functions in
the New Economy)
  • ?????????????(Advanced Planning Scheduling,APS
    )??????????????
  • ??????(Electronic Commerce,EC)????
  • ???????????
  • ???????????
  • ?????????????????

40
  • ??????ERP??(???)
  • ---????CCW Research

41
MRP?????(Operation Logic of MRP)
  • MRP???????????
  • ?????(?????????)
  • ???????(????????)
  • ???????(??????????)
  • ??????????????????????????/?????(??MRP??????)

42
MRP?????(Operation Logic of MRP)
  • 1?MRP?????
  • 1) ?????(MPS)
  • 2) ??????(BOM)
  • 3) ????(Time and Quantity Standards)
  • a ??(Lot Size)????(Interval Time)
  • b ????(Production Cycle Time)
  • 4)??????
  • ?????(Current Inventory) ?????
    ?????(Safety Inventory)


43
??????(Example of Product Structure)
44
??????(Example of Product Structure)
?? ?? ?????(?) ??/?????(?) ?????(?)
?? 2 1 - -
? 2 2 - -
?? 2 4 - -
???? 2 1 - -
???? 1 - 1 5
????? 1 3 - -
????? 0 - 1 6
45
??????(Example of Product Structure)
46
2?MRP?????
MRP?????(Operation Logic of MRP)
  • 1) ??
  • ???(Net Demand)???(Total Demand)-????(Current
    Inventory)
  • ????????????????? -?????

47
?????
???
???
???
??????
?? ?? 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
X 50 40 20
Y 120 10 80
E 80 60
F 10 120
48
(No Transcript)
49
2) ????
MRP?????(Operation Logic of MRP)
  • a.????(lot for lot)
  • b.????(Fixed Lot Size)
  • ?????(EOQ)
  • ?????(Least Lot Size)
  • c.?????(Fixed Interval Time)

50
MRP?????(Operation Logic of MRP)
  • 3) ???????????
  • 4) MRP?????????
  • ???
  • ????
  • ???

51
?????(Time Buckets and Time Fence)
  • ???(Planning Horizon)
  • ??(Time Buckets)
  • ??(Time Fence)
  • ??(Time Zone)

10
20
52
MRP?????(Operation Logic of MRP)
  • 3) ???????????
  • 4) MRP?????????
  • ???
  • ????
  • ???

53
??????(Capacity Requirement Planning)
  • 1?????????????

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? A 60 175
???? ??? ???? ???? (??) ???? (?,??????) ??????(??)
1 10 1 12 1 1
2 20 2 6 1 2
?????????????,?????
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?(?)
1 1
2 2
54
??????(Capacity Requirement Planning)
?????
??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????
10 1 137 1 2 10 1 151
20 2 151 2 1 20 1 175
55
??????(Capacity Requirement Planning)
  • 2?????(Calculating Load)

56
??????(Capacity Requirement Planning)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1 ?????1
?? ???? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
?? ???? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
??????? 75 100 120 90 0 100 130 0 0 0
?????? 0 0 40 50 100 80 110 80 40 40
????? 75 100 160 140 100 180 240 80 40 40
???? 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180
?/??? 105 80 20 40 80 0 -60 100 140 140
?????() 41 55 89 77 55 100 133 44 22 22
57
??????(Capacity Requirement Planning)
  • 3????????(Load and Capacity Balance)

58
??????(Capacity Requirement Planning)
1 2 3 4 5 6
A
B C
B C
B C
A B C
A B C
A B C
????
????
(a)?????????
59
??????(Capacity Requirement Planning)
1 2 3 4 5 6
A
B C
B C
B C
A
B1 B2 C
B1 B2 C
B1 B2 C
????
????
(a)?????????
60
Concepts and products OF APO
  • SCM Supply Chain Management
  • APS Advanced Planning System
  • Products
  • SAP APO(ADVANCED PLANNER AND OPTIMIZER)
  • APO Application in China General Motors Shanghai
    (2003.3)
  • Outsourcing Hewlett-Packard and Deliotte
    Consulting
  • System SAP IS-Auto and APO
  • WWW2.CCW.COM.CN/03/0312/D/0312d30_1.asp

61
Some typical superior features of APO over ERP
62
APO Supply / distribution network modelling
63
Global Available To Promise (ATP)
  • rule-based
  • Integration with PP/DS
  • Multi-level Check(BoM, capacity)
  • High Performance
  • ( real-time)

64
(No Transcript)
65
(No Transcript)
66
(No Transcript)
67
(No Transcript)
68
(No Transcript)
69
(No Transcript)
70
(No Transcript)
71
(No Transcript)
72
(No Transcript)
73
(No Transcript)
74
(No Transcript)
75
??????(Distribution Requirements Planning)
76
DRP?????
?? ???(?) DRP?? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
???A (??30) 1 ??? 40 45 25
???A (??30) 1 ???? 80 80 80 40 25 25 0 0 0
???A (??30) 1 ??? 5
???A (??30) 1 ???? 30
???A (??30) 1 ???? 30 ???B ???B ???B ???B
???? (??50) 1 ??? 30 60
???? (??50) 1 ???? 10 10 10 30 30 30 20 20 20
???? (??50) 1 ??? 20 30
???? (??50) 1 ???? 50 50
???? (??50) 1 ???? 50 50
OEM (??200) 1 ??? 50 50
OEM (??200) 1 ???? 90 90 40 40 40 190 190 190 190
OEM (??200) 1 ??? 10
OEM (??200) 1 ???? 200
OEM (??200) 1 ???? 200
77
MRP????
  • MRP?????????????
  • ???????????????
  • ??????????????
  • ??????(????????)???????

78
(No Transcript)
79
?MRP???(Evaluation to MRP)
  • ???(Lead Time)??
  • ????? ?????
  • ???? ??
  • ??(Lot Size)??
  • ??(Nervous)??
  • ????(Shop-Floor Control)??

80
ERP?JIT????(Similarities and Difference Between
MRP JIT)
  • 1???????????
  • (1) ???(Stability)????(Repetition)
  • (2) ??
  • 2????????
  • ??(Inventory)
  • ???(Lead Time)
  • ????(Organization)

81
MRP?????(Evaluation System to MRP)
  • ?????????
  • 1??????????
  • 2???????????

82
????
  • ?????????????
  • ?????????
  • ????Prof.steven A.Melnyk,
  • software editor,APICSThe performance
    advantage,April1998

83
MRP?????(Evaluation System to MRP)
  • ????????????

84
????????????
  • ??????????,????????????????POS??????????,?????????
    ???,????????

85
????????????
  • ??????????,???3?????,????????,???????,???
    ??????
  • ????????,?????????,??????????

86
????????????
87
MRP?????(Evaluation System to MRP)
??IBM???????MRP?????????A?B?C?D??????????????,25??
?????,???????(????)??25???? (?)
????? 1.???????????????????????????2.???????????
???????????3.????????????????4.?????????????,???
?????5.??????????????6.?????????7.??????/?????
88
MRP?????(Evaluation System to MRP)
(?)  ????????8.??????95???9.????????98???10.?
???????95??? (?) ?????11.????80??????????12.??
??????? (?) ????????13.????????14.????????95???
15.????????????????????16.??????????95???17.??
???????95???
89
MRP?????(Evaluation System to MRP)
18.???????????????????????????????????????????(???
???)?19.????????????????????20.????????????21.?
?????????????????????????MRP???????22.???????MRP?
????23.???????,??????????24.????????????????????
?(1)??(2)???(3)???????25.???????????
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