Post-WWII - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Post-WWII PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4f84c2-MmZmM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Post-WWII

Description:

Post-WWII 1945 - 1968 International Organizations set up IMF UNO IMF Bretton Woods Conference (1944) created International Monetary Fund (IMF) Lay foundations for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:27
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: acs110
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Post-WWII


1
Post-WWII
  • 1945 - 1968

2
International Organizations set up
  • IMF
  • UNO

3
IMF
  • Bretton Woods Conference (1944) created
    International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • Lay foundations for modern monetary system (based
    on US dollar)
  • IMF World Bank loaned money to poor recovering
    countries

4
UNO
  • United Nations Organization set up in 1945
  • Security Council allowed military powers
  • 12 members with 5 being permanent
  • USA, USSR, Britain, France, China
  • General Assembly (all members) had advisory powers

5
Containment
  • Truman Doctrine
  • 1947 Pledge to stop further spread of Communism
  • 1947 US gave aid to Greece and Turkey to help
    stop communist forces there

6
  • Marshall Plan (1947)
  • Aid package to help war-torn Europe rebuild
  • Purpose prevent spread of communism
  • Result West and central Europe recovered (the
    economic miracle)
  • Soviets refused to let West help Eastern Europe
    countries

7
Berlin Crisis
  • 1948-1949 Soviets attempt to remove allies from
    Berlin by setting up a blockade
  • Very tense (WWIII?)
  • Berlin Airlift
  • US instituted massive airlifts to get supplies
    into West Berlin
  • Soviets lifted blockade (it failed)

8
(No Transcript)
9
NATO formed
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization formed in 1949
  • Anti-communist alliance
  • Collective security in Europe, US, Canada
  • Radio-free Europe Voice of America
  • Radio messages sent to countries behind the Iron
    Curtain (pro-Democracy)

10
Eastern Bloc
11
Commies
  • Eastern Bloc countries in Eastern Europe
    dominated by USSR
  • USSR, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, E Germany,
    Rumania, Bulgaria
  • One party states established with help of Red
    Army and KGB (Soviet secret police)
  • Only Yugoslavia was communist yet not dominated
    by USSR

12
Post war Economics
  • Recovery modeled after Soviet model
  • Changes slow and uneven
  • Five-Year plans adopted again
  • Oppressive rule adopted (USSRs new foe, the USA,
    provided excuse)
  • Forced labor camps used

13
Nikita Krushchev (r. 1953-1971)
  • After brief power struggle, Krushchev emerged
  • USSR in bad shape- reforms needed!
  • Fear and hatred of Stalin
  • Agriculture in bad shape
  • Shortages in consumer goods
  • Hard work and initiative in decline
  • Poor living conditions

14
De-Stalinization
  • Reduction of role of KGB
  • Gradual closure of forced labor camps
  • XXth Party Congress (1956) Khrushchev denounced
    Stalin anti-hardliner
  • Began programs to undo what Stalin did

15
  • Gosplan resources shifted away from heavy
    industry and military toward consumer goods and
    agriculture Centralized Economic Planning
  • Arts and Literature grew (anti-Stalin sentiment
    tolerated)
  • Pasternak wrote Dr Zhivago (1956)
  • Solzenitsyn wrote One Day in the Life of Ivan
    Denisovich (1962)

16
Dr Zhivago by Pasternak
  • Story of pre-revolutionary intellectual who
    rejects brutality of Revolution (1917) and
    Stalinism even as he is destroyed, he triumphs
    from his humanity and Christian spirit

17
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovichby
Solzenitsyn
  • A story about life in a Stalinist concentration
    camp

18
Results of de-Stalinization
  • Rise of reformers and mass movements seeking
    liberty
  • Poland March 1956 riots led to release of 9000
    political prisoners
  • Led to greater autonomy in Poland

19
  • 1956 Hungarian Uprising
  • Students and workers in Budapest installed
    Communist reformer
  • Hungarian nationalists held huge demonstrations
    demanding non-communist parties
  • Soviet tanks and troops crushed national
    democratic revolution
  • After word, other small bloc countries hoped fro
    change, but kept their mouths shut!

20
Western European Recovery
21
Problems
  • Food scarce
  • Runaway inflation
  • Black markets

22
Political Parties
  • Christian Democrats
  • Rejected authoritarianism
  • Rejected narrow-minded nationalism
  • Faith in Democracy and cooperation
  • Socialists and Communist
  • Influence in France and Italy
  • Pushed for social reform

23
European Renaissance
  • Italy underwent reform under Christian Democrats
    with socialist influences
  • France led by Charles De Gaulle
  • Fourth Republic set up
  • Catholic Party strong
  • Large socialist influences

24
  • West Germany
  • Konrad Adenauer began long democratic rule 1949
  • Christian Democrats were majority party
  • Britain put Clement Attlee in Churchills
    position
  • Socialist Labour party
  • Moved toward a welfare state

25
The Economic Miracle
  • Period of rapid progress lasting into 1960s
  • By 1963 Europe produced 2.5 times more than
    pre-WWII
  • Marshall Plan helped significantly

26
  • Korean War stimulated economy
  • Keynesian economics adopted
  • People willing to work hard for little pay
  • Increases in demand spurred development
  • Many economic barriers removed
  • Common Market emerged

27
  • Ludwig Erhard led Western German economic
    development
  • Combined free market and Nazi-inherited social
    welfare networks
  • Jean Monnet led European unity economic pragmatic
    solutions

28
European Unity
  • Define/Describe the following
  • Council of Europe
  • Schuman Plan
  • EEC
  • 1957 Treaty of Rome
  • EURATOM
  • COMECON

29
  1. Discuss the steps taken by de Gaulle to make
    France a player in Cold War affairs. (pg 895)
  2. What was the Manhattan Project?
  3. What is Big Science?
  4. Describe the key events of the Space Race

30
  1. What is meant by Brain Drain?
  2. Discuss the rise of the Middle Class. What
    caused its rise? What were its characteristics?
    What changes did it go through?
  3. Describe Consumerism (pg 900)
  4. What was the Gadget Revolution?
  5. Describe the new Youth Movement

31
  1. What caused the outbreak of student revolutions
    in the 1960s? (pg 910)
  2. Describe the French student revolt of 1968.
  3. What was the Prague Spring of 1968?
  4. What was the Brezhnev Doctrine? (pg 914)
About PowerShow.com