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Deconstructing Standards into Achievable Learning Targets

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Title: Deconstructing Standards into Achievable Learning Targets


1
Deconstructing Standards into Achievable Learning
Targets
2
Setting Group Norms
  • Group norms are agreed upon ways in which we will
    work together so that productivity is maximized.
  • They are posted and reviewed (verbally and in
    writing) at all meetings.
  • Lets work together to abide by our Group Norms.

3
Group Norms
  • Be present and be engaged in the work
  • Function as equal partners in this work
  • Limit the use of cell phones and computers to
    breaks and at lunch
  • Be respectful by limiting sidebar conversations
  • Be on time for each segment of the day
  • Stay for the entire Cadre session

4
Developing Student-Friendly Learning Targets from
Standards
  • Modified from presentations by Mary Rudd,
    Stephanie Hatfield, Debra Cornett and Rina Gratz

5
Points to Ponder
  • How clear are you, to this point, regarding the
    following
  • 1. Assessment Literacy and your role,
  • 2. The roll out/scale up of the new common core
    standards and your role,
  • 3. Characteristics of Highly Effective Teaching
    (CHET) and your role?
  •  
  • How clear are you regarding the Network Approach
    to improving student learning?

6
Some of us felt like this man
7
Some of us felt like this
8
Or maybe like this !
9
But, by the end of the day.
10
Leadership Network Vision
  • Every school district in the commonwealth of
    Kentucky has a knowledgeable and cohesive
    leadership team that guides the professional
    learning and practice of all administrators,
    teachers, and staff so that every student
    experiences highly effective teaching, learning
    and assessment practices in every classroom,
    every day.

11
Content Leadership Network Goal
  • Ensure that every participant has a clear
    understanding of how to
  • translate Kentuckys Core Academic Standards
    into clear learning targets in order to design
    high quality formative and summative assessments
    and
  • plan/select rigorous and congruent learning
    experiences.

12
Welcome Back to KLA/Administrators Leadership
Network !!
  • Lets talk.
  • What have you done since we last met regarding
    assessment literacy, standards roll out and HETL
    that has worked?
  • We will use an adaptation of the Success Protocol
    from Protocols for Professional Learning by Lois
    Brown Easton

13
T-Chart Time!
14
Deconstructing Standards into Achievable Learning
Targets
15
Learning Targets for Day 2
  • Through full participation, KLA members will be
    able to explain the rationale for deconstructing
    standards.
  • Through full participation, KLA members will
    understand the difference between standards,
    learning targets and activities and will be able
    to articulate the differences. KLA members will
    apply their understanding at the school/district
    level.

16
Why do we need to unpack or deconstruct
standards?
  • To identify what students need to know and be
    able to do
  • To guide daily instruction and our assessment
    for learning.
  • To enable my students to show mastery of the
    standards on our common assessments and on the
    state summative assessment

17
Handout Talking Points about Learning Targets
  • Read and discuss these key points, Number 3,4,5
    and 6, from the handout with your tablemates.

18
Turn to Page 59 of your Stiggins Assessment
Balance and Quality
  • Highlight the first sentence under the section,
    Deconstruct Standards

19
An overview/orientation, The Leaders Role
  • Leaders will support teachers in
  • Writing clear, concise, and student-friendly
    learning targets
  • Understanding the effective use of learning
    targets for instructional planning
  • Applying learning targets to the design of a
    balanced assessment system

20
The Leaders Role according to Stiggins
  • Turn to pages 25-26, read and highlight key
    points, Turn to page 23 to find Figure 2-1
  • On page 27, look at number 5, then turn to page
    23 for a summary of the seven strategies
  • Now, turn to page 113- 114 Activity 10

21
  • Standards give the teacher a destination.
    Learning targets are the route students take to
    reach that destination.

22
Without Clear Targets We Cant Do Any of the
Following
  • Know if the assessment adequately measures what
    we taught.
  • Correctly identify what students know and dont
    know and their level of achievement.
  • Plan next steps in instruction.
  • Give detailed, descriptive feedback to students.
  • Have students self-assess or set goals likely to
    help them learn more.
  • Keep track of student learning target by target
    or standard by standard.
  • Complete a standards-based report card.

23
What Are Learning Targets?
  • Any achievement expectations we hold for
    students.
  • Statements of what we want students to learn and
    be able to do.

24
Standard vs. Learning Target
  • Immediate (short term)
  • Measurable, assessable and achievable
  • Teacher-generated
  • ?
  • ?
  • ?
  • General
  • Written in technical language (designed for
    adults)
  • Not flexible
  • ?
  • ?
  • ?
  • guide instruction
  • expectations, desirable outcomes
  • ?
  • ?
  • ?

25
Standard vs. Learning Target
  • Student friendly
  • Isolated piece of standard
  • Immediate (short term)
  • Language that students understand
  • Stepping stone toward meeting the standard
  • Smaller parts
  • Measurable, assessable and achievable
  • More flexible (change over time)
  • Teacher-generated
  • Personalized
  • Expectations
  • General
  • Long term
  • Whole, rather than in pieces
  • Written in technical language (designed for
    adults)
  • Context for the learning targets
  • Expectations
  • Not flexible
  • Universal-everybody tries to meet
  • Measurable, assessable and achievable
  • Measurable, assessable and achievable
  • guide instruction
  • about learning
  • expectations, desirable outcomes
  • element of time involved

26
Learning Targets/Objectives Are
Statements of what we want students to learn or
know or understand and be able to do.
27
  • Social Studies
  • Map Skills
  • Page 152 in the book
  • Going on a trip around the world

Subject
Topic
Assignment
Activity
Learning Target
28
Which is a learning target/objective? Use your
pinch card. 1.I will know math. 2. Students
will go on a decimal hunt. 3. Students will
understand decimals and put them in sequential
order. 4. Complete page 152 in the math book.
29
  • Without the learning intention, children are
    merely victims of the teachers whim.
  • The sharing of learning intentions is, however,
    more complex than simply repeating what is in the
    teachers plan.
  • Shirley Clarke in Unlocking Formative Assessment

30
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31
Which is a Clear Learning Target?
  • A. Class will read a short story
  • B. Complete page 119
  • C. Students will understand the elements of a
    short story and summarize the plot in
    chronological order
  • D. Students will become proficient readers.

32
  • 4 Keys to Creating Sound Learning
  • Targets
  • 1.Clear understanding of where you
  • want the targets to take your students.
  • 2.Identify only those components
  • of the standard that are essential
  • for todays learning (daily learning
  • target).

33
4 Keys Continued 3. Each target is
measurable/able to be assessed. 4. Targets
are arranged in a logical progression. 5.
Targets are stated/written in student
friendly language.
34
T-Chart Time!
35
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36
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37
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38
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39
Learning target example Students will
understand measures of central tendency and will
be able to calculate mean, median and mode.
40
  • SS-08-1.3.2
  • Students will explain and give examples of how,
    in order for the U.S. government to function as a
    democracy, citizens must assume responsibilities
    (e.g., participating in community activities,
    voting in elections) and duties (e.g., obeying
    the law, paying taxes, serving on a jury,
    registering for the military).

  • DOK 2

41



Describe and list responsibilities of citizens
living in a democracy
Know the definition of responsibilities
Know description of Democracy


Describe and list duties of citizens living in a
democracy
Know the definition of duties



Describe the difference between responsibilities
of a citizen vs. a non-citizen living in the
United States.
Describe the difference between responsibilities
and duties.
Compare rights vs. responsibilities


Analyze the pros and cons of how a citizens
responsibilities and duties impact the US
governments ability to function as a democracy
Describe the difference between the duties of a
citizen vs. a non-citizen living in the United
States.
42
A Mathematics Example
Subject
  • Math
  • Decimals
  • Page 11 in the book
  • Going on a decimal hunt
  • I can read decimals and put them in order

Topic
Assignment
Activity
Learning Target
43
Clear learning target or an activity ?
  • Complete Exercise 2.1 with your elbow partner
  • Come to agreement with your table team

44
Clear targets Impact on students
  • More focus
  • Learning culture
  • Quality of work improves
  • Behavior improves
  • Persevere longer
  • Greater ownership of learning
  • Automatically self-evaluate
  • More enthusiasm about learning

45
Clear targets Impact on Teachers
  • More focused instructional planning
  • Sharpens teachers focus on the learning
    expectation
  • Expectations rise
  • Focus on quality rather than getting it done

46
Clear Learning Targets Impact on Teachers
  • Congruent activities
  • Relevant content specific vocabulary
  • Assists teachers in reflection regarding their
    lessons and learning that occurred
  • Strengthens connections with parents related to
    learning expectations for their child

47
Handout Talking Points about Learning Targets
  • Read and discuss the handouts key points found
    in Numbers 1-2, 7-11 with your tablemates.

48
Continue your Table Discussion
  • Your handout contains a comparison between a
    traditional and a standards-based instructional
    plan. As a group, discuss and be prepared to
    share
  • What value is added to the standards-based plan
    by the inclusion of the learning target?
  • What differences do you see between the two plans
    and why is it significant?
  • Compare and evaluate the assessment strategies of
    the two plans.

49
The process of instructional planning
  • Traditional
  • Select topic
  • Design instructional activities
  • Design and give an assessment
  • Give grade or feedback
  • Move onto new topic

50
Standards Based Model
  • Design an assessment congruent to the standards
    and learning targets on which students will
    demonstrate their
  • Select the standard that students need to
    know
  • Unpack the standards
  • Design congruent daily learning targets
  • learning

51
Standards Based Model
  • Use data from assessments to give feedback,
    re-teach or move to next level
  • Design congruent formative assessments
  • Plan congruent instructional strategies to
    assure that each student has appropriate learning
    opportunities

52
T-Chart Time!
53
Classifying Targets
54
  • Turn to pages 115 117 in your Stiggins book
  • Take a few minutes to become familiar with key
    words in types of targets

55
Kinds of Learning Targets-
  • Knowledge Learning Targets
  • Stated using verbs such as list, name, define,
    identify and explain.

56
Learning Targets-Knowledge (cont.)
  • Master factual and procedural knowledge
  • Recognize patterns
  • Explain the amendment process
  • List characteristics of U.S. citizenship

Examples
57
Kinds of Learning Targets-Reasoning/Thinking
  • Includes mental processes such as
  • predicts infers
  • classifies compares
  • summarizes analyzes
  • evaluates generalizes
  • hypothesizes concludes

58
Learning Targets-Skill/Performance
  • Reads aloud with fluency and expression
  • Participates in civics discussion with the goal
    of solving current problems
  • Uses simple tools to gather data

Examples
59
Learning Targets- Product
  • Product Learning Targets
  • Writing samples
  • Projects
  • Artistic products
  • Research reports
  • Science exhibits

60
Learning Targets- Product
Examples
  • Constructs bar graphs
  • Constructs physical models of objects
  • Creates a news article related to a historical
    time period.

61
Standards and Targets Underpinning the Standards
Product
Skill/Performance
Reasoning
Knowledge
62
Types of Learning Targets/Objectives
  • Knowledge The facts and concepts we want
    students to know
  • Reasoning- Students use what they know to
    reason and solve problems
  • Skills/Performance- Students use their
    knowledge and reasoning to act skillfully
  • Product- Students use their knowledge, reasoning,
    and skills to create a concrete product

63
Handout Exercise 3.3 Read the learning
targets. Classify each target collaboratively
with your elbow partner
64
What Kind of Target Is This?
A. Knowledge, B. Reasoning, C. Skill, or D.
Product? Use your pinch card
  • 1. Identify different types of maps
  • 2. Create a physical map
  • 3. Analyze and compare different purposes for
    maps
  • 4. Know how to use a map for a specific purpose

65
Clear Statement of Learning Target
  • Skill or concept to be defined PREDICTION
  • A statement saying something will happen in the
    future.
  • Student-friendly language for target
  • I can make predictions. This means I can use
    information/evidence to describe what is likely
    to happen next.

66
T-Chart Time!
67
Handouts Talking Points about
Learning Targets
  • .
  • Template Content Networks are Using
  • Standard Progression

68
First, Classify a Standard
  • Work collaboratively with a tablemate to come
    agreement on the standards classification
  • Discuss with all your tablemates and come to
    consensus on the classification
  • Write the standards classification on the
    template

69
Lets Practice
  • Form groups of 3-4 at your table
  • From the Progression Handout, pull out Standard 4
    for 7th grade
  • Write the standard on the chart paper
  • Collaboratively underline/highlight key words to
    determine the meaning of the standard
  • Begin writing a learning target with the same
    classification as the standard

70
Lets Practice
  • Move to the next section to the right on the
    template.
  • Continue writing clear, measurable learning
    targets until you reach the far right on the
    template.

71
All KLA/Administrators Leadership Network
Members, please close your power point handout.
72
Deconstruct the Standard Students will drive a
car with skill
Knowledge Reasoning Skill or
Performance Product
73
Handout Driving a Car template Please
record your drive a car with skill learning
targets in the template.
74
Self Assess using the Power point slide
information Turn to pages 120-121 in your
Stiggins book
75
Creating Targets for Driving a Car with Skill
  • What knowledge will students need to demonstrate
    the intended learning?
  • What patterns of reasoning will they need to
    master?
  • What skills are required, if any?
  • What product development capabilities must they
    acquire, if any?

76
Driving a Car with Skill
  • Knowledge
  • Know the law
  • Read signs and understand what they mean
  • Reasoning
  • Evaluate am I safe and synthesize information
    to take action if needed
  • Skills
  • Steering, shifting, parallel parking,
  • Products
  • (not appropriate target for standard)

77
Student Friendly Terms
I am learning to
Let me show you how I can
  • When I learn this I can

78
WALT and WILT
One way to think about writing student-friendly
learning objectives
  • We
  • Are
  • Learning
  • To
  • When
  • I
  • Learn
  • This

79
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80
MATHEMATICS
  • Identify and graph ordered pairs on a positive
    coordinate system scaled by ones, twos, threes,
    fives, or tens locate points on a grid and
    apply graphing in the coordinate system to solve
    real-world problems.
  • Graph the vertices of a triangle onto positive
    coordinate planes using different scales.
  • Analyze what changes in the figure are affected
    by the changes in scales, and explain why.
  • Graph the vertices of the reflected image of
  • a triangle.

81
MATHEMATICS
  • Graph the point (1,6) in the first quadrant of
    the coordinate plane.
  • Design an alternate arrangement of your classroom
    space using 3-dimensional scale models of the
    classroom and its contents.

82
SOCIAL STUDIES
  • Identify and explain the basic purpose of the
    U.S. Government as defined in the Preamble to the
    U.S. Constitution (establish justice, ensure
    domestic tranquility, provide for the common
    defense, promote the general welfare, secure the
    blessings of liberty to ourselves and our
    posterity). DOK 2
  • Explain how the U.S Government functions, as
    defined by the Preamble to the Constitution.
  • Using examples to justify your answer, explain
    why the powers of government established by the
    Preamble to the United States Constitution are
    still significant today.

83
SOCIAL STUDIES
  • List the basic purposes of government in the
    United States (as stated in the Preamble to the
    United States Constitution).
  • Using multiple sources, research how the U.S.
    Government has used its powers (as defined by the
    Preamble to the Constitution) over a selected
    time period in US history. Explain, through a
    class presentation, the impact of these actions
    on our life today.

84
Implications for the Work
  • Begin with the end in mind standards and final
    assessment
  • Know where students are pre-assess before unit
    ( Stiggins pp. 23)
  • Let students know where they are going
    communicate specific and student-friendly
    learning targets (Stiggins pp. 23)
  • Use time wisely depending on where students
    are, decide how much time you will spend on which
    activities/strategies

85
Implications for the Work
  • Ensure the distinction between congruent to
    correlated with respect to learning targets
  • We must let go of activities and materials that
    do not directly lead students to learning target
    mastery

86
Next Steps and Future Learning for KLA
  • Dont wait until the end of the unit.
  • Ongoing formative assessment is the KEY
  • Before, during, at the end, after
  • Best practice instruction (learning targets,
    strategies, grouping, interventions, re-teaching,
    etc.)
  • Assessment for learning
  • Involve students in tracking their own learning

87
Learning Targets for Day 2
  • Through full participation, KLA members will be
    able to explain the rationale for deconstructing
    standards.
  • Through full participation, KLA members will
    understand the difference between standards,
    learning targets and activities and will be able
    to articulate the differences. KLA members will
    apply their understanding at the school/district
    level.

88
An overview/orientation, The Leaders Role
  • Leaders will support teachers in
  • Writing clear, concise, and student-friendly
    learning targets
  • Understanding the effective use of learning
    targets for instructional planning
  • Applying learning targets to the design of a
    balanced assessment system

89
Final Thoughts
  • Teaching to greater depth of understanding
    prepares students to retrieve and apply knowledge
    and skills
  • .
  • Targeting instruction to promote enduring
    understandings (how, why, so what, what if, what
    then) provides the context for deep and rich
    learning.

90
T-Chart Time!
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