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Clearing the Hurdles to Career and College: It


Clearing the Hurdles to Career and College: It s Never Too Early to Plan for the Future Loujeania Williams Bost National Dropout Prevention Center for Students with ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Clearing the Hurdles to Career and College: It

Clearing the Hurdles to Career and College
Its Never Too Early to Plan for the Future
  • Loujeania Williams Bost
  • National Dropout Prevention Center for Students
    with Disabilities
  • Keynote Texas transition Conference
  • February 21, 2013
  • Austin, TX

The Intended Goal of Transition Services
  • To prepare students with disabilities for
    postsecondary education, work, and independent.

Transition in the IEP Strengths, Interests.
  • Involve the student
  • Include students vision for the future
  • Needs, strengths, preferences, and interests.
  • Focus on courses of study
  • Relevant to students goals for the future
  • Access to general curriculum
  • Access to state and district-wide assessment
  • Plan for graduation

Why Start Early?
  • In the current educational environment, there is
    a critical defining point for students in the
    college and career readiness processone so
    important that, if students are not on target for
    college and career readiness by the time they
    reach this point, the impact may be nearly
    irreversible The Forgotten Middle (ACT,2008)

  • Students academic achievement level at grade 8
    is a critical indicator of whether students will
    reach college and career readiness by the time
    they graduate from high school.

Start transition planning early.
  • High school is too late!!!

The middle school years are a vital time to
teach the importance of college and career
readiness and the linkages to success in life.
Consider This
  • Signs of disengagement that lead to later school
    dropout begin early, often as early as elementary
  • Over 60 of students who eventually dropout of
    high school failed 25 of their credits in 9th
  • Only about 50 of youth who graduate have
    necessary skills for success in college and work

Why Start Early
  • On average, one student in America drops out
    every 26 seconds 1.23 million per year. Close to
    half of African American and Hispanic youth fail
    to graduate on time.
  • Jobs that require post-secondary education will
    make up more than 2/3 of new jobs.
  • Few middle school students with disabilities have
    realistic career plans, and many lack awareness
    of the world of work (Finch Mooney, 1997)

Research Support
  • Sex-role stereotypes, particularly about
    gender-appropriate occupations, are formed early
    (Guss and Adams 1998)
  • Students at risk, girls, and minority group
    children often limit their career choices early
    (OBrien et al. 1999)
  • Middle school provides a significant opportunity
    for development of knowledge skills, attitudes,
    and awareness that are the foundations for the
    next stage of life (Kerka, 2000)

What does career development and transition look
like in middle school?
Transition and Career Skills
  • Career awareness and exploration
  • Self determination and advocacy
  • Problem solving and strategic thinking
  • Choice making
  • Academic learning (content and behaviors)
  • Community experiences

Overall, research contends that students
benefit, both vocationally and academically, from
participation in career courses. In particular,
they seem to increase their knowledge of careers
and their ability to make career-related
Effective transition services and dropout
  • Why is middle school crucial?
  • How are they linked?

Middle School Years
  • Middle School Predictors of Dropout
  • Poor Attendance
  • Poor Behavior
  • Failing Math
  • Failing English

Linking transition services and dropout
  • Academic Engagement- career development
    activities academic support, after school
  • Personalized Learning- service learning, and
    other structures
  • Student Engagement- extracurricular activities,
    problem solving, self determination, life skills
    training, interests, preferences, attitudes, goal
  • Family engagement- relevance and importance of
    school to future endeavors, SMART goals,
  • Dynarski, Clarke, Cobb, Finn, Rumberger, and
    Smink (2008)

Linking transition services and dropout
  • Integrating academic content with career and
    skill-based themes through career academies and
    other multiple pathways models are key strategies
    that support school completion.
  • Providing students with the necessary skills to
    complete high school and by introducing students
    to postsecondary options.
  • Instruction on behavior and social skills
  • Dynarski, Clarke, Cobb, Finn, Rumberger, and
    Smink (2008). Dropout Prevention A Practice
    Guide (NCEE 20084025)

Dropout Prevention Through Career Exploration
  • Students engagement and attendance are increased
    thru student participation in educational field
    trips, and presentations which exposes them to
    career and educational opportunities and clear
    messages about staying in school
  • Howard A. Doolin Middle School

How can schools impact college and career
Create a College and Career Culture for All
  • Foster academic preparation and achievement
  • Support parent and community involvement
  • Provide college and career planning information
  • Help students through the many steps in
    postsecondary planning.
  • Promote meaningful IEP participation

Create a College and Career Culture for All
  • Ensure early identification and monitoring of
    at-risk students based on course performance
  • Ensure students have six year personalized
    graduation plans (grade 8 to freshman college
  • providing multiple pathways to college and viable

Create a College and Career Culture for All Youth
Create a College and Career Culture for All
  • Ensure students are empowered to become leaders
    of a "college and career ready culture"
  • Ensure evidence-based practices are implemented
    through structured collaboration
  • Ensure transparent student progress is created
    through frequent, formative feedback of
    performance outcomes

Monitor Student Progress toward College and
Career Readiness
  • Measure Student Academic Achievement
  • Monitor Course Sequence Completion
  • Identify Gaps in Student Placement, Instructional
    Program and Student Support
  • Monitor early identification of students
    exhibiting risks of school failure

Attend to the Early Seeds of Dropout
  • Monitor early warning signs and take action (Mind
    the ABCs)
  • Promote/provide a positive school climate
  • Provide rigorous and Relevant instruction
  • Engage and support families
  • Engage students in effective transition services
    and activities

Begin with the End in Mind- Create a Career and
College Culture
  • Focus on career and college in the middle school.
  • Provide to youth and their families the effects
    of taking a challenging curriculum on their
    future educational, career, and income options.
  • Use multiple sources of information, including
    standardized assessments, to help inform students
    and their parents of the students progress
    toward college readiness.
  • Work with families to calculate college costs and
    develop a plan to meet these costs.

Engage and Educate your Students and Faculty
  • Spend time reviewing students interest
    inventories and transition assessments
  • Help students learn how to use sources of
    college and career information.
  • Promote creative and informed career exploration
  • Promote and sustain the use of evidence based

Engage parents and give them opportunities to
engage with each other.
  • Create a core group Ask some of the more
    energetic and willing parents to be your core CCR
  • Build Connection - Get together with parents, and
    let parents get together with each other.
  • Ask them to help you make the case Solicit their
    feedback often and ask them to get involved in
    advocacy and education efforts. No one, except
    perhaps a student, makes a better face for your
    efforts than a parent talking about the
    importance of CCR policies to the future success
    of their children.

Inform and Educate Parents
  • Create fact sheets that explain the importance of
    college- and career-ready knowledge and skills
    and how they will help their children succeed.
  • Help parents understand what state requirements
  • Give parents information on how school and
    elected officials feel about the CCR agenda.
  • Keep parents abreast of the latest news and
  • Stay in touch making sure that they have the
    information they need to support their children
    and the CCR initiative.

Getting Youth with disabilities college and
career ready What Parents can do.
Children Need Adult Advocates- Be that Caring
  • The Last Dropout

Every child needs at leas one adult whos
irrationally committed to his/ her future Bill
Milliken (2007)-
Stress the importance of staying in school
Talk to your child about their academic and
career interests during elementary and middle
Help your child think about the connections
between academic coursework, college, and future
Help your child establish goals for getting more
information about colleges and careers.
Work-based learning
Supporting Student Engagement
Service learning
Career exploration
Curriculum based interventions, e.g., computer
based career guidance
Paid work experience
Career advising
Youth who participate are more likely to be
competitively employed
Find the right school setting
Regular School ? Magnet School ? Charter
School Career Academy ? GED Program ? etc.
Extracurricular Activities
Supporting Student Engagement
Key messages for Parents
  • Expect more The world your child will enter is
    different than the world you entered after high
  • Partner with educators Teachers and school
    administrators need your support and you need
  • Get involved, stay involved
  • Be supportive Create an environment at home that
    enables your child to succeed.

Thank You For Your Time!
Contact Loujeania W. Bost Nation
al Dropout Prevention Center for Students with
Disabilities Clemson University 209 Martin
Street Clemson, SC 29631 Phone 864-656-6976
Visit our website at Helping
Youth with Disabilities Stay in School and