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DISASTER RESILIENCE: THE ONGOING CHALLENGE OF COMMUNITIES DURING THE 21ST CENTURY

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DISASTER RESILIENCE: THE ONGOING CHALLENGE OF COMMUNITIES DURING THE 21ST CENTURY Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance For Disaster Reduction TORNADOES WERE FUELED BY ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DISASTER RESILIENCE: THE ONGOING CHALLENGE OF COMMUNITIES DURING THE 21ST CENTURY


1
DISASTER RESILIENCE THE ONGOING CHALLENGE OF
COMMUNITIES DURING THE 21ST CENTURY
Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance For Disaster
Reduction

2
THE CHALLENGE OF THE 21ST CENTURY
  • Ensuring the resiliency of COMMUNITIES to
    todays increasingly complex disasters.

3
Recent history has shown that a communitys
survival depends more than ever upon its
capability to bounce back after a complex event
causes a disaster
4
A SNAPHOT OF OUR WORLD
  • 6.6 billion people, and growing while
  • Living and competing in an interconnected global
    economy,
  • Producing 60 trillion of products each year, and
  • Facing many kinds of complex disasters that can
    adversely impact their 3 Ss, 5Es, and 1H.

5
THEIR 3 Ss
  • SAFETY (from an increasing number of complex
    events that are causing disasters)
  • SECURITY
  • SUSTAINABILITY

6
THE FIVE Es
  • ECONOMY
  • ENERGY
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • ECOLOGY
  • EDUCATION

7
THEIR H
  • HEALTH

8
A DISASTER is ---
  • --- the set of failures that overwhelm the
    capability of a community to respond without
    external help  when three continuums 1)  people,
    2) community (i.e., a set of habitats,
    livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3)
    complex events (e.g., floods, earthquakes, ...,)
    intersect at a point in space and time.

9
THE THREE CONTINUUMS OF EVERY DISASTER
  • PEOPLE
  • COMMUNITY
  • COMPLEX EVENTS

10
A DISASTER IMPACTS ALL SOCIETAL ELEMENTS
11
COMPLEX EVENTS THAT CAN CAUSE A DISASTER
  • Single- or multiple-event natural hazards that,
    (for various reasons), cause extreme levels of
    morbidity, mortality, homelessness, joblessness,
    economic losses, and environmental impacts.

12
JAPANS MARCH 11, 2011 QUAKE AND TSUNAMI A
DISASTER
13
HAITI DEATH TOLL REACHED AN ESTIMATED 230,OOO
14
BEICHUAN QUAKE TRIGGERED LANDSLIDES
15
DEATHS, INJURED, AND MISSING IN SICHUAN QUAKE
  • The official death toll stood at 69,197 as of
    Wednesday , July 9th, according to Chinas State
    Council Information Office .
  • The number of injured and missing stood at
    374,176 and 18,379 respectively

16
ONE-FIFTH OF PAKISTAN AFFECTED BY FLOODING
17
ASH CLOUD FROM APRIL 14 VOLCANIC ERUPTION
18
TSUNAMI RUN UP IN MENTAWAI ISLAND INDONESIA
19
COMPLEX EVENTS THAT CAN CAUSE A DISASTER
  • Loss of function of a critical part of the
    critical infrastructure in a city (especially
    true for a megacity)

20
COMPLEX EVENTS THAT CAN CAUSE A DISASTER
  • Large-scale migration of people who have suddenly
    become refugees

21
COMPLEX EVENTS THAT CAN CAUSE A DISASTER
  • Conflict and terrorism

22
COMPLEX EVENTS THAT CAN CAUSE A DISASTER
  • Unanticipated threats related to what if
    scenarios or projections of global warming and
    global climate change.

23
COMPLEX EVENTS THAT CAN CAUSE A DISASTER
  • Environmental degradation and pollution of air,
    water, and soil, instantaneously and over time.

24
JAPANS FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR FACILITY MARCH 11, 2011
  • Radiation leaks and threats of partial melt down
    developed in four of the six reactors as a
    result of the quake/tsunami.

25
DEEP WATER HORIZON APRIL 22, 2010
26
CHARACTERISTICS OF A SOLUTION SET
  • To anticipate and plan for the full spectrum of
    what can happen
  • To build capacity at the community level for
    preparedness, protection, response, and recovery
  • To build equity in all sectors of the community
  • To inform, educate, and train

27
BUILDING CAPACITY FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • Clarify the nature and extent of the problem on
    local, regional, and global scales if a complex
    event occurs.
  • Identify the gaps in capacity in the four
    critical elements of the solution.
  • Concentrate resources on filling the gaps in the
    four critical elements of the solution and start
    creating turning points.

28
YOUR COMMUNITY
DATA BASES AND INFORMATION
HAZARDS GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE
SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN
UP AFTERSHOCKS
29
CRITICAL EEMENTS FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • PREPAREDNESS (READY FOR ANY COMPLEX EVENT)
  • PROTECTION (BUILD ESSENTIAL AND CRITICAL
    FACILITIES TO WITHSTAND)

30
STEP ONE FINDING AND ENGAGING PARTNERS
  • Finding and engaging community stakeholders who
    are willing to commit to the goal of becoming a
    disaster-resilient community.

31
EXAMPLES politicians, business leaders,
scientists, engineers, health-care specialists,
social scientists, teachers, the print and
electronic media, etc.
32
STEP TWO Educating and eQUIPING for action
  • The best chance of reaching the goal is when the
    community at risk is well informed about the
    likelihood of complex events (e.g., floods) that
    can cause a disaster and is developing the
    capacity to prepare, protect, respond, and
    recover in case one impacts their community.

33
CRITICAL ELEMENT ONE
  • 1) PREPAREDNESS Anticipatory, cost-effective
    actions that increase the communitys readiness
    for the complex events most likely to occur in
    terms of the com-munitys location and history.

34
TORNADOES WERE FUELED BY UNSEASONLY WARM AIR IN
THE SOUTH
35
RUSSIA 600 WILDFIRES BURNING IN 7 REGIONS
36
CRITICAL ELEMENT TWO
  • 2) PROTECTION Anticipatory actions that
    protect the communitys people, buildings, and
    the critical and essential facilities from
    failing if and when a disaster occurs.

37
TOMAS IMPACTS SAINT LUCIA

38
SOLDIERS REPAIR CRACKS IN ZIPINGPU DAMDUJIANGYAN
39
COMMON AGENDA FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  • RESPONSE (SAVING LIVES, AND ENSURING
    CONTINUITY)
  • RECOVERY (BOUNCING BACK QUICKLY AND RESUMING
    LIFE AVAIN)

40
JAPAN EVACUATION OF CHILDREN, MARCH 2011
41
JAPAN MARCH 12, 2011 MASS CARE WAITING TO
RECEIVE FOOD / WATER
42
EVACUATIONS TO ESCAPE FLOODING THREAT
43
SEARCH AND RESCUE
44
NEW YORK SNOW FALL DEC 26, 2010
45
HAITIANS POOREST OF THE POOR WITH NO PLACE TO
GO

46
CRITICAL ELEMENT THREE
  • 3) RESPONSE Actions that focus
    community resources on saving lives, preserving
    community assets, and ensuring continuity before,
    during, and after a complex event causes a
    disaster.

47
SEARCH AND RESCUE
48
CRITICAL ELEMENT FOUR
  • 4) RECOVERY Actions that quickly enable
    the community to bounce back after a complex
    event causes a disaster, and resuming life again.

49
SICHUAN, CHINA EARTHQUAKE CLEANUP AND
RECONSTRUCTION UNDERWAY JULY 9, 2008
50
BEICHUAN COUNTY, CHINA
  • As a part of the recovery process, soldiers are
    helping by disinfecting and cleaning up Beichuan,
    one of the areas that was razed to the ground
    after suffering heavy damage and casualties on
    May 12th.
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