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Teacher Quality and School Improvement in 2010: P-20 in Historical Perspective

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Teacher Quality and School Improvement in 2010: P-20 in Historical Perspective Steve Tozer, UIC stozer_at_uic.edu * * * * What we learned in graduate school Schools don ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teacher Quality and School Improvement in 2010: P-20 in Historical Perspective


1
Teacher Quality and School Improvement in
2010 P-20 in Historical Perspective
  • Steve Tozer, UIC
  • stozer_at_uic.edu

2
What we learned in graduate school
  • Schools dont really affect student learning
    its SES that does.
  • Cultural Deficit Theory
  • (Coleman, Jencks, 1960s)

3
1970s Effective Schools Research (Edmonds)
  • "How many effective schools would you have to see
    to be persuaded of the educability of poor
    children? If your answer is more than one, then I
    submit that you have reasons of your own for
    preferring to believe that pupil performance
    derives from family background instead of school
    response to family background.

4
1980s Nation at Risk
  • School Reform as a national priority
  • State legislation to improve schools
  • Beginning of the standards movement

5
1990s The Standards Movement
  • What Matters Most . . .
  • The quality of classroom instruction
  • NBPTS, NCTAF, IPTS
  • PK-12 Learning Standards

6
2000s Transforming Schools at Scale
  • Kati Haycock and the Education Trust
  • NCLB (2001)
  • Marzano What Works in Schools (2003)
  • Chenoweth Its Being Done (2007)
  • CCSR Five Essential Supports (2010)

7
Consortium for Chicago School Research
8
The Big Three Students, Teachers, and Leaders
  • Joanne Weiss (Race to the Top)
  • . . . and that means we have to get the
    leadership right first. (2010)

9
Improving Classroom Instruction at Scale
  • The importance and limits of teacher preparation
    and certification
  • Where does most teacher learning take place?
  • Schools as adult learning environments

10
Leadership Quality as essential to Teacher
Quality
  • Are high quality principals born or made?
  • Eight years of results
  • New York School Leaders Academy
  • New Leaders for New Schools
  • UIC

11
What they have in common
  • Partnerships with school districts
  • High selectivity
  • Intensive, year-long internships
  • Integration of Theory and Practice
  • Results accountable to improved student learning

12
Sample Results from UIC
  • In the highest-need schools in CPS
  • Improved test scores at elementary and secondary
    levels
  • Improved attendance in elementary and secondary
    schools
  • Improved freshman-on-track in large and small
    high schools
  • Reduced drop-out rates and increased graduation
    rates

13
What about the Market Model solutions?
  • Charters, alternative routes, turnarounds and
    breaking the higher ed monopoly
  • Absent good leadership, charter schools fail
  • Charter schools now seek strong leadership as the
    key to success
  • Evidence Alternative routes to teaching are
    neither the solution nor a problem

14
Why is improved school leadership so essential?
  • Because high-quality instruction in every
    classroom cannot otherwise be attained
  • We have no viable alternative theory for
    improving teacher quality at scale

15
How do we know our principal work-force isnt
good enough?
  • Good principals dramatically improve student
    performance
  • Most principals do not
  • Principals have been caught in a historical
    paradigm shift

16
Keys to Improving School Leadership in Illinois
  • Must be highly selective
  • Must be clinically intensive
  • Must involve school districts and expert
    practitioners as partners
  • Systemic, cost effective approach to (a) changing
    higher eds relationship to PreK-12, and (b)
    improving learning outcomes

17
Higher Education has changed before
  • 1909 The Flexner Report
  • 1910-1920 Resulting revolution in medical
    education
  • (Highly selective, clinically intensive,
    partnership with hospitals)
  • Ratio of physicians to principals in Illinois is
    31 it can be done

18
The P-20 challenge
  • Paying attention to what we already know
    because teaching matters, leadership matters
  • Marshalling the state leadership and political
    will
  • Pending school leadership legislation in
    Illinois using our greatest levers systemically
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