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Regents Review - Ancient Greece

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City between 3 continents Stoicism=philosophy of life- avoid ... Minoan Civilization Early Greeks on Crete The Mycenaean Civilization *1st Greek speakers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regents Review - Ancient Greece


1


Final Regents Review GREECE
Ancient Greece
2
The Geography of Greece
3
Geography
  • Peninsula- Mediterranean / Aegean Seas
  • Sea trade, ideas
  • Mountain Valleys divide into city-states
  • Rocky Islands limit fertile land
  • We live around the sea like frogs around the
    pond- Plato

4
Agriculture
  • Good climate but bad terrain (very mountainous)
  • Hilly ground grapes
  • Rocky soil olives
  • Good soil corn and wheat
  • Sea was very important
  • Homer describes various fishing methods using
    hooks, nets, and harpoon in both the Iliad and
    the Odyssey

5
(No Transcript)
6
Archaic Greece 1650 BCE - 700 BCE
7
Bronze Age Greece
8
Crete Minoan Civilization(Palace at Knossos)
9
Knossos Minoan Civilization
Early Greeks on Crete
10
The Mycenaean Civilization
1st Greek speakers Seatraders Influenced by
Egypt Trojan War- economic Rivalry W/ Troy
11
Trojan War
  • About 1200 B.C., the Mycenaeans fought the Trojan
    War with the city of Troy in Anatolia
  • At the same time, foreigners invaded the
    Mycenaean homeland
  • From 1100 to 800 B.C., chaos reigned throughout
    the eastern Mediterranean
  • In the absence of a centralized state or empire,
    local institutions took the lead in restoring
    political order to Greece
  • City-states

The Trojan Horse
12
GREEK GODS
  • Polytheists- gods live on Mt Olympus
  • Common Greek culture forms
  • ZEUS god, humans
  • HERA marriage
  • POSEIDON sea
  • APHRODITE love
  • ARES war
  • ATHENA wisdom

13
Homer The Heroic Age
Wandering blind poet Wrote Iliad and Odyssey
Every man make up his mind to fight and move on
his enemyIts hard for me to face so many men
and with all at once.. And yet I will - Achilles
(the Iliad)
14
"Hellenic" (Classical) Greece 700 BCE - 324 BCE
15
Vocabulary
  • Polis city-state
  • Acropolis High city within polis
  • Monarchy King with central power
  • Aristocracy Rule by landholding elite
  • Oligarchy Small, powerful elite business class
    rule
  • Phalanx formation of heavily armed soldiers

16
ATHENS Yesterday Today
Most powerful Greek city - state
17
Piraeus Athens Port City
18
Early Athens
  • Monarchy Aristocracy
  • People begin to resent nobles, wants rights
  • Democracy Govt by the people

19
Sparta
  • City-State in south
  • Many captured slaves strict society
  • Govt 2 kings council
  • Military society- boys age 7 -30 live in
    barracks, train
  • Isolated, frowned on trade, wealth no new
    ideas, art, etc
  • Becomes rival of Athens- compete for power,
    influence in Greek world

20
Athenian democracy
  • Males can vote
  • 500 man legislature
  • Slaves, women no rights
  • Boys are educated

21
Persian Wars 499 BCE 480 BCE
  • Athens Sparta vs. Persia
  • Victories _at_ Marathon Thermopylae Greeks win
  • Believe gods protect superior form of govt

22
Persian Wars Famous Battles
  • Marathon (490 BCE)
  • 26 miles from Athens
  • Thermopylae (480 BCE)
  • 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass
  • Salamis (480 BCE)
  • Athenian navy victorious

23
Golden Age of Pericles460 BCE 429 BCE
  • Direct Democracy- all males, regardless of
    wealth / class
  • Salaries paid to elected officials (poor can
    serve)
  • Assembly meets often- 6,000 needed to vote
  • power is in the hands, not of a minority, but
    the whole people- Pericles

24
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Philospher
  • Lover of Wisdom
  • Believe events not caused by whim of gods
  • Observe / reason to find real cause
  • Examples
  • Socrates Aristotle
  • Plato

25
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Socrates
  • Questions everything
  • Controversial?
  • Executed at age 70 for corrupting youth and
    disrespecting gods

26
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Plato
  • Ideal state not democracy
  • Workers produce
  • Soldiers defend
  • Philosophers rule
  • Wisest Leader

27
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Aristotle
  • Favors govt led by single virtuous leader
  • Democracy mob rule

28
Athens The Arts Sciences
  • DRAMA (tragedians)
  • Aeschylus
  • Sophocles
  • Euripides
  • THE SCIENCES
  • Pythagoras
  • Democritus ? all matter made up of
    small atoms.
  • Hippocrates ? Father of Medicine

29
Phidias Acropolis
30
The Acropolis Today
31
The Parthenon
Built on the acropolis during the reign of
Pericles Symbol of democracy, classic Greek
Architecture
32
Influence of Greek Architecture
The Parthenon
The Lincoln Memorial
33
The Classical Greek Ideal
34
The Ancient OlympicsAthletes Trainers
Great runner, four times victor at the Games,But
for a war you would have known no fame.Though
exiled from the bubbling springs of home,Your
swift pace made a new land's fields your own. -
Pindar, Olympian Ode 12, 460BC
35
Olympia Temple to Hera
36
The 2004 Olympics
37
SPARTA
38
SPARTA
Forms Peloponnesian League to counter Athens
Delian League
39
Peloponnesian Wars
  • Sparta defeats Athens
  • Geography
  • Disease
  • Persia

40
Macedonia Under Philip II
41
"Hellenistic" Greece 324 BCE - 100 BCE
42
Alexander the Great
  • Forms vast empire
  • Cultures blend- Greek ideas spread
  • AlexandriaEgypt. City between 3 continents
  • Stoicismphilosophy of life- avoid desires
    disappointments by accepting life calmly

43
Alexander the Greats Empire
44
Alexander the Great in Persia
45
The Hellenization of Asia
46
Pergamum A Hellenistic City
47
The Economy of the Hellenistic World
48
Hellenistic Philosophers
  • Cynics ? Diogenes
  • ignore social conventions avoid luxuries.
  • citizens of the world.
  • live a humble, simple life.
  • Epicurians ? Epicurus
  • avoid pain seek pleasure.
  • all excess leads to pain!
  • politics should be avoided.

49
Hellenistic Philosophers
  • Stoics ? Zeno
  • nature is the expansion of divine will.
  • concept of natural law.
  • get involved in politics, not for personal
    gain, but toperform virtuous acts for the good
    of all.
  • true happiness is found ingreat achievements.

50
Hellenism The Arts Sciences
  • Scientists / Mathematicians
  • Aristarchus ? heliocentric theory.
  • Euclid ? geometry
  • Archimedes ? pulley
  • Hellenistic Art
  • More realistic less ideal than Hellenic art.
  • Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age!

51
The Breakup of Alexanders Empire
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