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The Growth of Civilization

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The Growth of Civilization Early Peoples The Renaissance Pre-Historic Americas Last Ice Age: Glaciers cover 1/3 of the Earth, as far down as present-day Kentucky. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Growth of Civilization


1
The Growth of Civilization
  • Early Peoples The Renaissance

2
Pre-Historic Americas
  • Last Ice Age Glaciers cover 1/3 of the Earth, as
    far down as present-day Kentucky.
  • Glaciers lock up water and expose low lands,
    including a land bridge between Siberia and
    Alaska.
  • The first bands of hunters track herds of animals
    across the land bridge and keep moving south over
    time to Central and South America.

3
Early Civilizations
  • Farming advanced cities emerged
  • As people traveled deeper into the Americans,
    where are they most likely to settle?
  • Civilization a society that has certain basic
    features
  • Olmecs Earliest known civilization in the
    Americas.
  • Studied the stars and developed a calendar that
    would predict the seasons and mark the passage of
    time

4
Early Civilizations
  • Mayas
  • Social Classes - Priests held great power
  • Advances in Learning
  • Predict eclipses
  • 365 Day Calendar
  • System of Numbers that included the Concept of
    Zero
  • Aztecs
  • Nomads
  • Tenochtitlan
  • Religion - Sun God thousands of sacrifices each
    year

5
Early Civilizations
  • North American Natives
  • People of the Southwest
  • Irrigation to farm the desert
  • Roads to link towns
  • ADOBE HOUSES Known as Pueblos. Sun dried brick.
  • Mound Builders
  • Originally used for burials
  • Later for Religious Ceremonies

6
The First Global Age
  • 1400s Travelers and Trade Goods moved along land
    and sea routes that connect Africa, The Middle
    East, and Asia.
  • For the first time, far off parts of the world
    begin to be linked i.e. the first Global Age

7
The Muslim World
  • The growth of trade and conquest is simultaneous
    with the spread of Islam. Muslim merchants carry
    the faith to people living along trade routes of
    Asia and Africa and unites Muslims from many
    lands.
  • Silk Road Overland routes that crossed the
    grasslands, mountains, and deserts of Central
    Asia and linked China to the Middle East. Prized
    Chinese silks were carried along them for more
    than 2,000 years.
  • Travel was dangerous.

8
The Greek Empire
  • 500 B.C. Greece enters a Golden Age
  • Socrates, Aristotle great minds. Reason.
  • Lived in City-States
  • Athens first created Direct Democracy form of
    government in which ordinary citizens have the
    power to govern.
  • All citizens could attend assembly and make laws
    for the city. However, only free men whose
    parents were born in Athens were considered
    citizens.

9
The Roman Empire
  • 509 B.C. Rome overthrows their king and set up
    a Republic.
  • Republic a system of government in which
    citizens choose representatives to govern them.
  • Senate Assembly Make Laws
  • Everyone is equal before the law/Innocent until
    proven Guilty
  • Rules about evidence used in court
  • Discuss Compare Greek and Roman ideas about
    Government

10
The Middle Ages
  • 500 1400 A.D.
  • Feudalism system of rule by lords who ruled
    their lands but owed loyalty and military service
    to a monarch.
  • Most Powerful Force The Roman Catholic Church
  • Large amounts of land
  • Source of education (clergy often the only people
    who could read and write)

11
The Middle Ages
  • The Crusades
  • 1100 1300
  • Series of wars fought by the Christians to
    control the Holy Land (Jerusalem and other places
    where Jesus lived and taught). Muslims had ruled
    the Holy Land for centuries.
  • After nearly 200 years of fighting (very bloody)
    the Crusaders failed to win permanent control of
    the Holy Land
  • However, during the Crusades, trade increased
    tremendously as the Crusaders came in contact
    with other civilizations.

12
The Renaissance
  • Great burst of learning which occurred from the
    late 1300s the 1600s
  • New discoveries in art, medicine, astronomy, and
    chemistry
  • Printing Press
  • Johannes Gutenburg (German Printer) 1430s
  • Large numbers of books could now be printed
    quickly and at a low cost.
  • More people began to read, spreading learning
    faster

13
The Renaissance
  • Search for New Trade Routes
  • European rulers began to increase their power
  • Eager to increase wealth, saw trade as the way to
    new profits
  • Search for valuable spices
  • Portugal Early Leader
  • Bartolomeu Dias 1488 reaches southern tip of
    Africa
  • Vasco de Gama 1497 rounds the Cape of Good
    Hope and sails up the coast of East Africa,
    across the Indian Ocean to India.
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