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Special Interest Group Practice AP Questions!

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Special Interest Group Practice AP Questions! Which of the following accurately characterizes the main difference between elite theories and pluralist theories of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Special Interest Group Practice AP Questions!


1
Special Interest Group Practice AP Questions!
2
  • Which of the following accurately characterizes
    the main difference between elite theories and
    pluralist theories of politics in the United
    States?
  • A. Elite theories concentrate on the role of
    interests groups pluralist theories emphasize
    the role of individuals.
  • B. Elite theories argue that a single minority
    dominates politics in all policy areas
    pluralist theories argue that many minorities
    compete for power in different policy arena.
  • C. Elite theories argue that social status is
    the major source of political power pluralist
    theories argue that wealth is the major source.
  • D. Elite theories emphasize the multiple access
    points that interest groups have to public
    officials pluralist theories stress the limits in
    the number and effectiveness of such access
    points.
  • E. Elite theories view government as efficient
    pluralists theories view it as slow and wasteful

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  •  
  • The primary function of a lobbyist is to
  • A. Find political candidates for special
    interests groups
  • B. Poll the public to help determine a position
    that a special interest group should take
  • C. Provide information to members of Congress
    that is favorable to a position taken by a
    special interest
  • group
  • D. Raise money for political action committees
  • E. Increase awareness of special interest groups
    to the electorate

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Which of the following is the Mexican American
Legal Defense and Educational Fund LEAST likely
to do to achieve its goals?
  • A. Lobby Congress on immigration reform
  • B. Endorse only Hispanic candidates for office
  • C. File a lawsuit involving immigrant
  • employment discrimination
  • D. Challenge English-only ordinances
  • E. Submit a restricting plan to increase Latino
    voter strength

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Interest Groups, Political Parties, Elections,
and Media
  • Name the four linkage institutions.

9
Revolving Door
  • Former Congressman Billy Tauzin, R-La., who
    steered Medicare Part D bill through the House,
    retired soon after and took a 2 million a year
    job as president of Pharmaceutical Research and
    Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), the main
    industry lobbying group.
  • What is this an example of?

10
Congress (Congressional committees, Executive
Agencies (Bureaucracy), and SIGS
  • The three relationships of an iron triangle are?

11
PAC Political Action Committee
  • If an interest group wants to donate money to a
    political candidate, what must it form?

12
--All lobbyist must register with the House and
Senate--Twice a year all registered lobbyists
must reportClient Lists, Expenses, Issues
worked on--Lobbyist cannot give gifts or travel
reimbursements for politicians--Former
Congressmen who become lobbyists must now wait
(two years for Senate, one year for House) before
lobbying their former peers. This limits the
so-called revolving door
  • List two regulations that lobbyists have to
    follow.

13
Amicus Curiae briefs
  • How do lobbyists lobby the courts?

14
Free Rider Problem
  • Joey is not a member of the Sierra Club. But,
    when the Sierra Club lobbies for new restrictions
    on water quality everyone benefits.

15
Public Outreach, Electioneering/PACS
  • Given an example of an INDIRECT strategy of SIGS

16
Diplomacy, Sanctions, Military
  • What are the three main tools used to shape U.S.
    foreign policy?

17
AARP
  • What is the largest interest group?

18
Education and Income
  • What are the two top characteristics of people
    who join interest groups?

19
Grassroots mobilization
  • The opening story of the chapter Advocating
    for Immigration used this when they urged
    immigrant workers to protest, and contact
    lawmakers to try to protest H.R. 4437

20
CH. 8 Political Parties
  • Practice AP Questions

21
Party Organization
  • Examples include committees, headquarters
    conventions, party leaders, staff, volunteer
    workers.

22
Great Depression
  • Democratic President FDR expanded National Govt.
    during this time

23
Independent
  • Do not affiliate with ANY party

24
Party Identifiers
  • People who clearly identify themselves with one
    party over anotherusually based on particular
    stances

25
Buckley v. Valeo
  • Ruling that political parties are entities with
    special status because of their function of
    educating and mobilizing voters
  • Opened the door to soft money flow into party
    building activities.

26
Primary Elections
  • Where parties choose the candidate they want to
    run in the general election

27
Divided Government or Party Realignment
  • Political scientists see the outcomes of the
    presidential elections of the last three decades
    of the 20th century as proof of this.

28
Who tends to vote Republican?
  • Older
  • White
  • Males
  • Educated
  • Wealthy
  • Protestant/Religious
  • White collar/Business

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